- History of Northwest Territories
The History of Northwest Territories has been a struggle for
responsible government, provincial rights, and social development.
The territories were purchased from the
Hudson's Bay Company.
History 1869 - 1876
Northwest Territories delayed entering confederation due to the
Red River Rebellion. As a result the province of Manitobawas created. Both jurisdictions entered confederation in 1870.
The first Northwest Territories government sits in 1872 after the
Temporary North-West Councilis appointed.
History 1876 - 1905
The first Northwest Territories government sat inside the territories at Fort Livingstone for the first time in 1876. In 1898, The Yukon stopped being part of Northwest Territories
The Arctic Archipelago was transferred from the
United Kingdomto Canadain 1880. The Northwest Territories hit its peak in size. The first territorial election took place in 1881.
Klondike Gold Rush, a separate Yukon Territoryis created from the western NWT in 1900.
History 1905 - 1951
Albertaand Saskatchewanseparated from the territories in 1905. Although the District of Keewatinwas given back to the territories, the population dropped from approx 160,000 to 17,000, of which 16,000 were aboriginal and had no right to vote under Canadian law. [http://www.collectionscanada.ca/confederation/023001-2245-e.html History of Northwest Territories in Confederation] April 13, 2006] The government of the Northwest Territories defaulted back to its 1870 constitutional status, and once again came under federal control, governed from Ottawa.
History 1951 - 1970
Elections returned in 1951, but rather than being fully elected body, the Councils and Assemblies were a mix of elected and appointed members.
In 1969, A special committee of the
Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territorieschose a new flag for the territory. Robert Bessant's design was chosen among entries to a Canada-wide contest.
The government would introduce the popular
polar bearlicense plate in 1970.
History 1970 - 1999
In 1975, the territorial government once again became a fully elected body.
History 1999 - present
In April 1982, a majority of
Northwest Territoriesresidents voted in favour of a division of the area, and the federal government gave a conditional agreement seven months later. After a long series of land claim negotiations between the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada and the federal government (begun earlier in 1976), an agreement was reached in September 1992. In June 1993, the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Actand the Nunavut Actwere passed by the Canadian Parliament, and the transition to the new territory of Nunavutwas completed on April 1, 1999.
* [http://pwnhc.ca/timeline/index.html Historical Timeline of Northwest Territories]
* [http://www.nwtarchives.ca The NWT Archives]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
History of Northwest Territories capital cities — The history of Northwest Territories capital cities begins with the purchase of the Territories by Canada from the Hudson s Bay Company in 1869 and includes a varied and often difficult evolution. Northwest Territories is unique amongst the… … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories general election, 1888 — 1885 ← members 20–30 June 1888 members … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories — For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. For other geographical names that include Northwest , see Northwest. Coordinates: 64°16′N 119°11′W / 64.267°N … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories (electoral district) — Northwest Territories electoral district Defunct federal electoral district Legislature House of Commons District created 1962 First contested 1962 Last contested … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories general election, 1902 — 1898 ← members 21 May 1902 ( … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories Legislative Building — Northwest Territories Legislative Building … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories general election, 1898 — 1894 ← members 4 November 1898 ( … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories general election, 1891 — 1888 ← members 7 November 1891 ( … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories Liberal-Conservative Party — Former territorial party Leader Frederick Haultain President Thomas Tweed Founded 1897 (1897 … Wikipedia
Northwest Territories general election, 1894 — 1891 ← members 31 October 1894 ( … Wikipedia