- Nada-ku, Kobe
Nada (灘区 Nada-ku ) is one of 9 wards of Kobe in Japan. It has an area of 31.4 km², and a population of 129,095 (2008). A leading national university in Japan, Kobe University, is located in this ward, as is the city's Oji Zoo.
A plenitude of water good for making sake and a location near Osaka (the hub of physical distribution) made it one of the most principal areas of making sake. It was one of the sake production areas called Nada-Gogō.
The fine taste of the Nada sake comes from 'Miyamizu' mineral-rich water, which was discovered during the Tenpō era (1830–1844) by Tazaemon Yamamura from the Uozaki-go district. Miyamizu is hard water high in calcium and potassium but low in iron, making it ideal for making rich, full-flavored sake.
Yamada Nishiki rice is grown in the Banshu eastern Kansai plains. It has larger, softer grains than regular table rice and is starchy, which makes it particularly suitable for sake making. Grains of Yamadanishiki rice have hard starch cores. This means that when they are soaked in Miyamizu water, they dissolve slowly but do not lose their shape. It is said[by whom?] that this characteristic is the reason why Yamadanishiki produces such uniquely flavored sake.
The most essential factors for making pure sake are good grain polishing ability and low temperatures. In the five sake-producing districts in Nada, water from the river that flows from Mount Rokkō into the sea is used to power rice-polishing water mills, thus producing highly polished grains of rice, which is not possible with manpower alone. Furthermore, the combination of the cold winds, known as 'Rokko oroshi', and the influence of the inland sea makes for ideal weather conditions for brewing sake in winter.
- Official website of Nada-ku, Kobe (Japanese)
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