Julie Bishop


Julie Bishop

Infobox Politician
honorific-prefix = The Honourable

name =Julie Bishop

honorific-suffix = LLB MP



caption =
office = Deputy Opposition Leader
term_start = November 29, 2007
term_end =
predecessor = Julia Gillard
successor =
party = Liberal Party of Australia
constituency = Curtin
majority1 = 13.57% [ [http://results.aec.gov.au/13745/website/HouseDivisionFirstPrefs-13745-238.htm House of Representatives Division First Preferences ] ]
birth_date =Birth date and age|1956|7|17|df=y
birth_place =
residence =
death_date =
death_place =
office2 = Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party of Australia
term_start2 = 29 November 2007
term_end2 =
predecessor2 =Peter Costello
successor2 =
office3 = Minister for Education, Science and Training
term_start3 = 24 January 2006
term_end3 = 3 December 2007
predecessor3 =Brendan Nelson
successor3 =
spouse =
children =
website =
footnotes =

Julie Isabel Bishop (born 17 July, 1956), Australian politician and Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Australia as deputy leader of the Liberal Party of Australia.cite news |title=Nelson wins Liberal leadership |url=http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/nelson-wins-liberal-leadership/2007/11/29/1196037040072.html |publisher="The Sydney Morning Herald" |date=2007-11-29 |accessdate=2007-11-29 ] She is the party's first female Deputy Leader.

She has been a member of the Australian House of Representatives since 1998, representing the seat of Curtin in Western Australia. She was a minister in the Howard government until the defeat of the Liberal/National Coalition at the election held on 24 November 2007. On 27 November 2007 she announced she was running for the position of Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party. She won the ballot on 29 November 2007 and became the party's first female Deputy Leader.

Biography

Bishop was born in Lobethal, South Australia, and was educated at the St Peter's Collegiate Girls' School, the University of Adelaide and the Harvard Business School. She graduated from the University of Adelaide with a Bachelor of Laws in 1978, and subsequently practised as a barrister and solicitor at the Adelaide law firm Mangan, Ey & Bishop, where she was a partner. In 1983 she relocated to Perth where she practiced as a commercial litigation solicitor at Robinson Cox (now Clayton Utz). She became a partner of Clayton Utz in 1985, and managing partner of the Perth office in 1994. In 1996 she attended Harvard Business School in Boston and completed the Advanced Management Program for Senior Managers.

Bishop was Chair of the Town Planning Appeal Tribunal of Western Australia, a Senate Member of Murdoch University, a director of the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) and a director and fellow of the Australian Institute of Management. She has also served on the Council of Governors of the Lions Ear and Hearing Institute.cite news|url=http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2003/10/10/1065676160190.html?from=storyrhs|title=New kid on the block|date=October 11, 2003|author=Michelle Grattan|work=The Age|accessdate=2007-11-28]


= Member of Parliament = Bishop won pre-selection for the seat of Curtin, Western Australia in 1998, and went on to win the seat for the Liberal Party at the Federal Election later that year against the sitting member and former Liberal turned independent, Allan Rocher, who had held the seat since 1981.

Following the Liberals' February 2001 State election loss by Richard Court to Geoff Gallop, Bishop was mooted as a possible contender for the leader of the state opposition. Initially Court had announced that he would stay on as opposition leader, but had secretly negotiated a deal under which she would leave the Federal Parliament and factional opponent Colin Barnett would move to Canberra. [cite news|url=http://www.abc.net.au/7.30/stories/s251938.htm|title=New WA Liberals leader takes on divided party (transcript)|work=7:30 Report|date=2001-02-26|accessdate=2007-11-28] The deal soon collapsed however with Court resigning and Bishop declaring that the arrangement wasn't bizarre, but "... innovative, different." Barnett took over the position.

Minister in the Howard Government

Bishop was appointed Minister for Ageing in 2003. She was later promoted to Minister for Education, Science and Training and Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women's Issues in the cabinet reshuffle on 24 January 2006 and served in those positions until the defeat of the Coalition government at the federal election held on 24 November 2007.

Bishop's education policies centred on the development of national education standards as well as performance-based pay for teachers [ [http://www.smh.com.au/news/opinion/rudd-revolution-will-take-more-than-rhetoric/2007/01/29/1169919273554.html Rudd revolution will take more than rhetoric - Opinion - smh.com.au ] ] . On 13 April 2007, the Australian State Governments expressed opposition to Bishop's policies, notably those relating to performance pay. In the 2007 Budget, the Federal Government announced a $5b "endowment fund" for higher education, with an express goal of providing world-class tertiary institutions in Australia. [ [http://www.dest.gov.au/ministers/bishop/budget07/bud03_07.htm Hon Julie Bishop MP - Budget 2007-08 Media Releases ] ]

Some of Bishop's comments, such as "the states have ideologically hijacked school syllabi and are wasting $180 million in unnecessary duplication" have been criticised by teachers. An advance media kit for a recent speech claimed parts of the present curriculum came "straight from Chairman Mao", however the reference was dropped from her speech. [cite web | url = http://www.theage.com.au/news/editorial/thatcher-v-mao--what-a-week-for-ideology/2006/10/06/1159641526970.html?page=fullpage#contentSwap1 | title = Thatcher v Mao - what a week for ideology | accessdate = 2007-05-06 | author = | last = | first = | authorlink = | coauthors = | date = 2006-10-07 | work = Opinion | publisher = | pages = | language = | archiveurl = | archivedate = | quote = Lead: The latest shots in the culture wars were fired this week in a skirmish that has all the hallmarks of a carefully planned political campaign aimed at jolting Australians out of their complacency. ] [cite web | url = http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,20533224-601,00.html | title = Canberra to seize syllabus from states | accessdate = 2007-05-06 | author = Justine Ferrari | coauthors = | date = 2006-10-06 | format = | work = Education | publisher = The Australian | pages = | language = | archiveurl = | archivedate = | quote =Education Minister Julie Bishop will attack state education bureaucrats and accuse them of hijacking school curriculums, distorting them with "Chairman Mao" type ideologies in a speech to the History Teachers Association of Australia today. ] [cite web | url = http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2007/s1896987.htm | title = States reject performance pay for teachers | accessdate = 2007-05-06 | author = Michael Turtle | date = 2007-04-13 | format = | work = PM program | publisher = ABC (Radio National) | pages = | language = | archiveurl = | archivedate = | quote = Julie Bishop took in an ambitious plan for national standards in schooling, but none of her proposals were accepted in their original form. ]

Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party

Following the Coalition's loss at the 2007 election, Bishop was elected deputy leader of the Liberal Party under Brendan Nelson on 29 November 2007. In a ballot of Liberal caucus members, Bishop prevailed with 44 votes, one more than the combined total of her two competitors: Andrew Robb (25 votes) and Christopher Pyne (18 votes). [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/nelson-new-libs-leader/2007/11/29/1196037040062.html Nelson sinks Turnbull] , "The Age", 29 November 2007.]

On September 22nd, Bishop was offered the role of Shadow Treasurer by Opposition Leader Malcolm Turnbull, making her the first woman in charge of that portfolio of any major party at the federal level.

References

External links

* [http://www.julie-bishop.com/ Personal website]
*OpenAustralia

Persondata
NAME=Bishop, Julie Isabel
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Australian politician
DATE OF BIRTH=17 July, 1956
PLACE OF BIRTH=Lobethal, South Australia
DATE OF DEATH=living
PLACE OF DEATH=


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