- Wick, Vale of Glamorgan
infobox UK place
country = Wales
welsh_name= Y Wig
map_type= United Kingdom
Vale of Glamorgan
constituency_westminster=Vale of Glamorgan
postcode_district = CF71
Wick ( _cy. Y Wig) is a small
villagein the Vale of Glamorganin Wales, situated about two miles from the coast. The closest towns are Llantwit Major, Cowbridgeand Bridgend.
The village has two
pubs, a village shopand a primary school. There are plenty of places to walk or cycle in the beautiful countryside surrounding the village. Visitors to Wick can also walk to the spectacular local beaches, Traeth Bach and Traeth Mawr, via the Cwm Nash footpath at Monknash or from Dunraven Bay at Southerndown. These beaches and cliffs form part of the Glamorgan Heritage Coast( SSSI).
Archaeologicalevidence suggests that there was settlement in Wick from around 1600BC when a small proto-Celtic community may have developed, farmingthe surrounding land on a subsistencebasis. In later times Wick possibly formed part of an ancient drovers route, by-passing the toll roadthrough nearby Cowbridge. There are some interesting historical features in the village (the most obvious being the remnants of a windmill) and some of the buildings in the village are known to be several hundred years old. The remains of a beacon tower lie just north-west of the village and to the south-west, on the cliff edge at Whitmore Stairs, is the earthworks of an Iron Ageunivallate hillfort, part of an ancient monument known as the Cwm Bach Camps. It is thought probable that the larger of the forts that make up this monument, situated approximately 1.5 miles away on the Trwyn y Witch (Witches Point) headland, was at one time occupied by Caratacus(who lead the Siluresin resistance to the Roman occupation). Given its proximity to Tusker Rockit is likely that Wick was a focus for Vikingattacks on the south Wales coast. Local folkloresuggests that beacons were lit on high ground around the village to warn of such raids and that attacks were fiercely resisted. It is thought that the village eventually came under Norman control in around 1097AD. Other scheduled ancient monuments in Wick include Buarth Mawr Barn and Rhyle round barrow. Various archaeological finds have been made in Wick, including the discovery of a hoard of five Late Bronze Age socketed axes by Mr. Adrian Jones.
The coastline to the south and west of Wick is formed of rocks of the Lower Lias series that display horizontal stratification and are
fossilbearing. It is from the top of these cliffs that, according to local folklore, the 'Wreckers of Wick' would, in the times before modern navigation, lure ships onto the rocks by lighting beacons and then plunder the cargo. It is recorded that the bodies of drowned sailors were recovered from the beaches by Monks from the monastic grange at nearby Monknash and taken to what is now the Plough & Harrow Inn where they were prepared for burial. Historically this stretch of coastline has one of the highest instances of shipwrecks in Wales, its exposure to the Atlantic swell, south-westerly winds and shallow reefs making it treacherous to shipping. More recently the coastline has become popular with surfers, with beach breaks and reef breaks catering for a range of abilities.
parish churchof Wick is dedicated to Saint James the Great, and like many of the other churches in the parish dates from the 12th century. It began as a chapel, but was later gifted to EwennyPriory. It is a Grade 2* listed buildingand consists of a chancel, nave, south porch and western 'saddle back' tower. The church is built in the Early English Periodstyle, although the oldest parts of the structure such as the chancel arch, the south door and a small window in the chancel, all date from the 12th century. The church has a medievalstone mensa (rectangular) altar, views of which are provided through the 'squints' ( hagioscopes) from the nave. The altar has unusual niches on either side, which probably contained statues of St James and the Blessed Virgin in centuries past. St James' was the subject of a major Victorian restoration 125 years ago and further additions have been made since then. The registers date from 1813. Wick also has a Unitarianand General BaptistChapel that has held regular services since 1792.
Approximately 1 mile to the west of the village is Monks Wood, a 10 acre plantation of mixed native
woodlandspecies managed by the Woodland Trustand the Monks Wood Committee. The wood was planted with native broadleaved trees and shrubs by villagers from Wick in November 2000. A wide mown path follows a circular route through the site and there is an information display for visitors. Another area of ecological importance is Clemenstone Meadows, directly to the north of the village, comprising 2 traditionally managed meadows on either side of a brook that support a number of rare plant species.
Wick is home to the Wick
Rugby unionClub and the Wick & District CricketClub. The village is also home to the champion international cyclist and Olympic gold medallist Nicole Cooke.
November 28 2006, the village of Wick became the first community in the UK to be switched over to British Telecom's "21st Century Network" (21CN); an advanced high-speed broadbandnetwork that will be rolled out throughout the UK over the coming years, replacing all of BT's existing networks. Laura Wess, 11, made the first call using the system from Wick and Marcross Primary School to the Right Reverend John Stewart Davies, bishop of St Asaph, in North Wales.
* [http://www.glamorganwalks.com/Wickwalk9.htm Wick Walk]
* [http://www.theramblers.plus.com/rblm/wick.htm St James' Church, Wick]
* [http://wickchapel.mysite.wanadoo-members.co.uk Wick Chapel]
* [http://www.wickrfc.co.uk/ Wick RFC]
* [http://www.wickmarcross.ik.org/p_About_Us.ikml Wick and Marcross Church in Wales Primary School]
* [http://www.wt-woods.org.uk/MonksWood Monks Wood, The Woodland Trust]
* [http://www.theploughmonknash.com/index.htm The Plough & Harrow Inn, Monknash]
* [http://www.nicolecooke.com/ Nicole Cooke]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/search.php?i=2755335 www.geograph.co.uk : photos of Wick and surrounding area]
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