Ihtiman ( _bg. Ихтиман) is a town in western
Bulgaria, part of Sofia Province. It is located in the Ihtimanska Sredna Goramountains and lies in a valley 48 km from Sofiaand 95 km from Plovdiv, close to Trakiya motorway.
Formerly a Roman defensive station guarding the important roads to the
Bosphorus, Ihtiman was then called "Stipon". It continued to play this role under the Byzantine Empireand the Bulgarian Empire, which however shifted its main defensive centre in the region to the Gate of Trajanhill pass.
The traditional and dominant religion is
Eastern Orthodox Christianity.
Ihtiman is also the seat of Ihtiman municipality (part of Sofia Province), which includes the following 27 villages:
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