Sburătorul


Sburătorul

"Sburătorul" was a Romanian modernist literary magazine and literary society, established in Bucharest in April 1919. Led by Eugen Lovinescu, the circle was instrumental in developing new trends and styles in Romanian literature, ranging from a new wave of Symbolism to an urban-themed Realism and the Avant-garde.Fact|date=August 2008 The review, subtitled "Revista literară, artistică şi culturală" ("The literary, artistic, and cultural review"), was published between April 1919 and May 1921, and again from March 1926 to June 1927 (a weekly magazine entitled "Sburătorul Literar" was published between September 1921 and December 1922).

During its last period in print, "Sburătorul" engaged in a polemic with partisans of a more traditional style, especially figures grouped around the "Sămănătorul" magazine. Lovinescu himself argued against Nicolae Iorga's ethnocentric views on Romania in the Middle Ages.

Name

In Romanian mythology, "Zburătorul" (of which "Sburătorul" is an antiquated variant, used notably in the works of Ion Heliade Rădulescu) was the embodiment of lust, a beautiful but eerie young man with demonic features who visits adolescent girls in their dreams. Lovinescu explained the choice in his first editorial:

"Vague thrills, warmth and coldness, yearnings for impossible beauties, and, at once, torpor, a deep unsettling of the entire soul, bashfulness and insane certainty, an escape from the world and realities, blended with a belief in chimaera, restlessness and a thirst for rest... [These come from] the very same "Zburătorul", the same pale master of youthful dreams, the same kiss of warm lips on cool foreheads, the same mystical engagement to whatever will be. [...] Those who begin issuing this magazine have received "Zburătorul"'s kiss a long time ago. They are halfway through on the path of life. They have not, however, forgotten the thrills of yesteryear, nor taste and disgust for the world, the impossibility of fitting in and belief in impossible chimaera. They have not forsaken their idealism." [Lovinescu, "Sburătorul", 1919, in "Din presa...", p. 24]

Notable members and contributors

*Felix Aderca
*Ion Barbu
*Gheorghe Brăescu
*Lucia Demetrius
*Victor Eftimiu
*Benjamin Fondane
*Anton Holban
*Ion Minulescu
*Hortensia Papadat-Bengescu
*Camil Petrescu
*Ion Pillat
*Victor Ion Popa
*Liviu Rebreanu
*Francisc Şirato
*Nicolae Steinhardt
*Vladimir Streinu
*Tudor Vianu
*I. C. Vissarion
*Ilarie Voronca

Notes

References

*Eugen Marinescu (ed.), "Din presa literară românească (1918-1944)", Ed. Albatros, Bucharest, 1986


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