"Sburătorul" was a Romanian modernist literary magazine and literary society, established in Bucharest in April 1919. Led by Eugen Lovinescu, the circle was instrumental in developing new trends and styles in Romanian literature, ranging from a new wave of Symbolism to an urban-themed Realism and the Avant-garde.Fact|date=August 2008 The review, subtitled "Revista literară, artistică şi culturală" ("The literary, artistic, and cultural review"), was published between April 1919 and May 1921, and again from March 1926 to June 1927 (a weekly magazine entitled "Sburătorul Literar" was published between September 1921 and December 1922).

During its last period in print, "Sburătorul" engaged in a polemic with partisans of a more traditional style, especially figures grouped around the "Sămănătorul" magazine. Lovinescu himself argued against Nicolae Iorga's ethnocentric views on Romania in the Middle Ages.


In Romanian mythology, "Zburătorul" (of which "Sburătorul" is an antiquated variant, used notably in the works of Ion Heliade Rădulescu) was the embodiment of lust, a beautiful but eerie young man with demonic features who visits adolescent girls in their dreams. Lovinescu explained the choice in his first editorial:

"Vague thrills, warmth and coldness, yearnings for impossible beauties, and, at once, torpor, a deep unsettling of the entire soul, bashfulness and insane certainty, an escape from the world and realities, blended with a belief in chimaera, restlessness and a thirst for rest... [These come from] the very same "Zburătorul", the same pale master of youthful dreams, the same kiss of warm lips on cool foreheads, the same mystical engagement to whatever will be. [...] Those who begin issuing this magazine have received "Zburătorul"'s kiss a long time ago. They are halfway through on the path of life. They have not, however, forgotten the thrills of yesteryear, nor taste and disgust for the world, the impossibility of fitting in and belief in impossible chimaera. They have not forsaken their idealism." [Lovinescu, "Sburătorul", 1919, in "Din presa...", p. 24]

Notable members and contributors

*Felix Aderca
*Ion Barbu
*Gheorghe Brăescu
*Lucia Demetrius
*Victor Eftimiu
*Benjamin Fondane
*Anton Holban
*Ion Minulescu
*Hortensia Papadat-Bengescu
*Camil Petrescu
*Ion Pillat
*Victor Ion Popa
*Liviu Rebreanu
*Francisc Şirato
*Nicolae Steinhardt
*Vladimir Streinu
*Tudor Vianu
*I. C. Vissarion
*Ilarie Voronca



*Eugen Marinescu (ed.), "Din presa literară românească (1918-1944)", Ed. Albatros, Bucharest, 1986

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Felix Aderca — Froim Zelig Aderca Zelicu Froim Adercu Born March 13, 1891(1891 03 13) Puieşti Died December 12, 1962(1962 12 12) (ag …   Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Fondane — (Fundoianu) Barbu Fundoianu Benjamin Wechsler (Wexler, Vecsler) Born November 14, 1898(1898 11 14) Iaşi Died October 2, 1944(1944 10 02) (aged 45) Au …   Wikipedia

  • Ion Negoiţescu — Born August 10, 1921(1921 08 10) Cluj Died February 6, 1993(1993 02 06) (aged 71) Munich Pen name …   Wikipedia

  • Constant Tonegaru — Constant (Constantin) Tonegaru Born February 26, 1919(1919 02 26) Galaţi Died February 10, 1952(1952 02 10) (aged 32) Bucharest Occupation poet, journalist, activist, civil servant …   Wikipedia

  • Dinu Nicodin — Nicolae Ioanid Born 1886 Died 1948 Occupation novelist, poet, businessman Nationality Romanian Period 1910 1962 …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolae Iorga — Iorga redirects here. For the village in Botoşani County, see Manoleasa. Nicolae Iorga Nicolae Iorga in 1914 (photograph published in Luceafărul) Prime Minister of Romania …   Wikipedia

  • Eugen Lovinescu — (31 October 1881 mdash;1943) was a Romanian modernist literary historian, literary critic, academic, and novelist, who in 1919 established the Sburătorul literary club. He was the father of Monica Lovinescu, and the uncle of Horia Lovinescu,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ilarie Voronca — (pen name of Eduard Marcus; December 31 1903, Brăila mdash;April 8 1946, Paris) was a Romanian French avant garde poet and essayist.Voronca was of Jewish ethnicity. In his early years, he was connected with Eugen Lovinescu s Sburătorul group,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ion Minulescu — Born January 6, 1881(1881 01 06) Bucharest Died April 11, 1944(1944 04 11) (aged 63) Bucharest Pen name I. M. Nirvan Koh i Noor Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Sfarmă-Piatră — (literally Stone Crusher or Rock Breaker , named after one of the Uriaşi characters in Romanian folklore; IPA2| sfar.mə pja.trə) was an antisemitic daily, monthly and later weekly newspaper, published in Romania during the late 1930s and early… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.