- Repeating rifle
A repeating rifle is a single barreled
riflecontaining multiple rounds of ammunition. These rounds are loaded from a magazine by means of a manual or automatic mechanism, and the action that reloads the rifle also typically recocks the firing action. The term repeating rifle is most often applied to weapons in which the next cartridge is loaded by a manual action, as opposed to self-loading rifles, in which the force of one shot is used to load the next.
Repeating rifles were a significant advance over the preceding breech loaded single-shot rifles when used for military combat, as they allowed a much greater rate of fire.
While some early
long guns were made using the revolvermechanism popular in hand guns, these did not have longevity in the marketplace. Although the revolver mechanism was fine for pistols, it posed a problem with long guns: without special sealing details, the cylinder produces a gas discharge close to the face when the weapon is fired from the shoulder, as all long guns were.
The bolt closes the breech end of the barrel and contains the
firing pin. The bolt is held in place with a lever that fits into a notch. Moving this lever out of the notch will release the restraint on the bolt, allowing it to be drawn back. An extractor removes the spent cartridge, which is then ejected through the lever slot. A spring at the bottom of the magazine pushes up the reserve rounds, positioning the topmost between the bolt and the chamber at the base of the barrel. Pushing the bolt lever forward chambers this round and pushing the lever into the notch locks the bolt and enables the trigger mechanism. The complete cycle action also resets the firing pin. The Mauserrifle of the late 19th and early 20th centuries is the most famous of the bolt action types, with most similar weapons derived from this pioneering design, such as the M1903 Springfield rifle, Karabiner 98Kurz rifle (abbreviated often as kar98k), Mosin-Nagantrifle or the British Short Magazine Lee Enfield.303 (SMLE).
In a lever-action firearm, rounds are individually loaded into a tubular magazine parallel to and below the barrel. A short bolt is held in place with an over center toggle action. Once closed, the over center action prevents opening solely by the force on the bolt when the weapon is fired. This toggle action is operated by a hand grip that forms part of the
trigger guard. When operated, a spring in the tubular magazine pushes a fresh round into position. Returning the operating lever to the home position chambers the round and closes the breach. An interlock prevents firing unless the toggle is fully closed. The general operation is similar to that of the bolt action described above. The famous Winchester rifleis exemplary of this type. There also exist lever-action rifles that feed from a box magazine, which allows them to use pointed bullets.
With a pump-action firearm, the action is operated by a moveable fore-end that goes backwards and forwards to eject, extract, and chamber a round of ammunition. One example of a pump-action rifle is the Remington Model 7600 series pump-action rifles and carbines
List of firearms
Spencer repeating rifle
Winchester Repeating Arms Company
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Look at other dictionaries:
repeating rifle — repeating rifle, a rifle that fires several shots without reloading; repeater … Useful english dictionary
repeating rifle — ▪ firearm also called Repeater, firearm designed for use with a magazine of cartridges, each of which is fed into the chamber or breech by lever or bolt action or other means. Before the invention of the cartridge that contained powder,… … Universalium
repeating rifle — O F Winchester … Inventors, Inventions
Spencer repeating rifle — Type Manually cocked Lever Action Rifle Place of origin … Wikipedia
Rifle — A rifle is a firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder, with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves ( rifling ) cut into the barrel walls. The raised areas of the rifling are called lands, which make contact with the… … Wikipedia
rifle — I n carbine, shoulder firearm, shotgun, fowling piece, muzzleloader, repeating rifle, magazine rifle, Ordn. breechloader, petronel; musket, blunderbuss, matchlock, harquebus; gun, shooting iron, flintlock, firelock, fusil. II v 1. ransack, sack,… … A Note on the Style of the synonym finder
rifle — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. gun, firearm; piece, carbine, automatic rifle; [sub]machine gun; chassepot, culverine, needle gun; flintlock, wheel lock, matchlock. See arms. II (Roget s IV) n. Types of rifles include: Albini… … English dictionary for students
repeating — /rəˈpitɪŋ/ (say ruh peeting) adjective of or relating to a rifle or firearm capable of discharging a number of shots without reloading … Australian English dictionary
Winchester rifle — Infobox Weapon name=Winchester Model 1873 rifle caption= The Gun that Won the West origin=United States type=Rifle is ranged=yes service= used by= USA wars= designer= design date=1873 manufacturer=Winchester Repeating Arms Company unit cost=… … Wikipedia
Winchester Repeating Arms Company — The Winchester Repeating Arms Company was a prominent American maker of repeating firearms during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. TOC =Early history= =Predecessors= The ancestor of the Winchester Repeating Arms Company was the… … Wikipedia