Nueva Esparta


Nueva Esparta
Nueva Esparta State
Estado Nueva Esparta
—  State  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Anthem: Nueva Esparta State Anthem
Location within Venezuela
Country  Venezuela
Created 1909
Capital La Asunción
Government
 – Governor Morel Rodríguez (2004–present)
Area
 – Total 1,150 km2 (444 sq mi)
Area rank 23rd
  0.12% of Venezuela
Population (2007 est.)
 – Total 436,900
 – Rank 20th
  1.68% of Venezuela
Time zone UTC-04:30
ISO 3166 code VE-O
Emblematic tree Guayacán (Guaiacum officinale)
Website guaiqueri.net

Nueva Esparta State (Spanish: Estado Nueva Esparta, IPA: [esˈtaðo ˈnweβa esˈparta]; 'New Sparta') is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island, Coche, and the largely uninhabited Cubagua.

The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venuezuela. Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece. The main island of Margarita alone has an area of 934 km². In 1909 the state was constituted and in 1947 the island of Cubagua was added. Its capital city is La Asunción, but the main urban center is Porlamar. Other important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar (home of the Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernández, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del Espíritu Santo.

Nueva Esparta was also the name of a Destroyer Class, it was the leader of 1st Destroyer Division, a British built for Venezuela naval forces in the 50's.

Contents

History

Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de Nueva Granada). In 1821, when the Greater Colombia was created, the Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela arose in 1830, it was one of its 13 original provinces. In 1864, when the country was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta. In 1881 its status was changed to be a mere section of the Greater Guzmán Blanco State (Called Miranda from 1889 to 1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was restituted, it retook the name of New Sparta, but again lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in the Federal District as "Eastern Section". Finally, in 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it annexed the island of Cubagua territory.

Table of Municipalities

Municipality Area
km²
Population
Census
2001-10-21
Municipal
capital
Division Politico Territorial Nueva Esparta.svg
Municipal Division of Nueva Esparta
Antolín del Campo 66 20,325 La Plaza de Paraguachí
Arismendi 55 23,097 La Asunción
Díaz 141 47,257 Parroquia San Juan Bautista
García 89 45,606 El Valle del Espíritu Santo
Gómez 91 30,237 Santa Ana
Maneiro 38 35,400 Pampatar
Marcano 43 28,256 Juan Griego
Mariño 39 84,534 Porlamar
Macanao1) 320 20,935 Boca del Río
Tubores2) 207 29,962 Punta de Piedras
Villalba3) 61 8,242 San Pedro de Coche
Nueva Esparta 1,150 373.851 La Asunción
1) the western peninsula
2) including Cubagua Island
3) coincident with Coche Island
Detailed map of Nueva Esparta

See also

States of Venezuela

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nueva Esparta — Symbole …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuēva Esparta — Nuēva Esparta, ehemalige Sektion des venezuelan. Staates Guzman Blanco, bestand aus der Insel Margarita (991 qkm), mit den Häfen Pampatar und Juan Griego, und mehreren kleinen Inseln …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Nueva Esparta — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nueva Esparta — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Nueva Esparta peut faire référence à : L État de Nueva Esparta au Venezuela. Nueva Esparta, une commune du Département de La Unión, au Salvador.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nueva Esparta — El estado Nueva Esparta está ubicado al noreste de Venezuela, conformado por tres islas principales: Margarita, Coche y Cubagua. Su capital es La Asunción. Otras poblaciones: Porlamar, Juan Griego, Punta de Piedras. Sitios de interés: Avenida 4… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nueva Esparta — Original name in latin Nueva Esparta Name in other language Nueva Esparta State code SV Continent/City America/El Salvador longitude 13.78361 latitude 87.83861 altitude 289 Population 2528 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Nueva Esparta — Sp Naujóji Espárta Ap Nueva Esparta L Š Venesuelos v ja …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Nueva Esparta — ▪ state, Venezuela       island estado (state), northeastern Venezuela. It lies off the Araya Peninsula of the mainland. Nueva Esparta consists of Margarita (Margarita Island), largest of the islands, and two small neighbours, Cubagua and Coche.… …   Universalium

  • Nueva Esparta — geographical name see margarita …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Nueva Esparta — Nuẹva Espạrta,   Bundesstaat Venezuelas, besteht aus mehreren Inseln der Kleinen Antillen (Hauptinsel Margarita), 1 150 km2, (2000) 378 000 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz ist La Asunción …   Universal-Lexikon