Irish presidential election


Irish presidential election

The Irish presidential election determines who serves as the President of Ireland; the head of state of Ireland. The most recent election took place on 27 October 2011.

Contents

Overview

Presidential elections are conducted in line with Article 12 of the Constitution[1] and under the Presidential Elections Act 1993,[2] as amended. The President of Ireland is formally elected by the citizens of Ireland once in every seven years, except in the event of premature vacancy, when an election must be held within sixty days. Constitutionally, the election must be held not more than 60 days before the ending of the term of office of the incumbent, or within 60 days of the office becoming vacant. The exact date will be fixed by an order made by the Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government.

Elections are conducted by means of the alternative vote (also called instant runoff voting), which is the single-winner analogue of the single transferable vote used in other Irish elections. Although the constitution calls the system "proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote", a single-winner election cannot be proportional.[3] All Irish citizens entered on the current electoral register are eligible to vote.[1][4] While both Irish and UK citizens resident in the state may vote in elections to Dáil Éireann (the lower house of parliament), only Irish citizens of at least eighteen years of age may vote in the election of the President.

To qualify, candidates must:[1]

  • be a citizen of Ireland,
  • be at least 35 years of age, and[5]
  • be nominated by:
    • at least twenty of the 226 serving members of the Houses of the Oireachtas, or
    • at least 4 of the 34 county or city councils, or
    • him- or herself, in the case of an incumbent or former president who has served one term.

The election order will declare the last day on which nominations may be received. If a member of the Oireachtas or a County or City council nominate more than one candidate, only the first nomination paper received from them will be deemed valid.[2]

If there is only a single candidate they will be deemed elected without a poll.[1] For this reason, where there is a consensus among political parties, the President may be elected without the occurrence of an actual ballot. No one may serve as President for more than two terms.[1]

Spending limits and donations

The spending limits in a Presidential electon were reduced in 2011. The limit is €750,000 (was €1.3 million) and the amount a candidate can be reimbursed from the State is €200,000 (was €260,000).[6] A candidate who is elected or who receives in excess of one quarter of the quota can seek reimbursement of their expenses.

The value of donations that may be accepted by candidates, their election agents and third parties at a presidential election is governed by law. In the case of candidates and presidential election agents, the maximum donation that may be accepted from a person (or a body) in a particular year cannot exceed €2,539. In the case of a third party, the maximum donation that may be accepted cannot exceed €6,348. The acceptance of donations from non-Irish citizens residing abroad is prohibited.[7]

Results

Election Candidate Nominated by % 1st Pref. vote Winner
1938 Douglas Hyde Fianna Fáil n/a Douglas Hyde
Fine Gael
1945 Patrick McCartan Labour Party 19.6% Seán T. O'Kelly
Clann na Talmhan
Seán Mac Eoin Fine Gael 30.9%
Seán T. O'Kelly Fianna Fáil 49.5%
1952 Seán T. O'Kelly Self-nomination n/a Seán T. O'Kelly
1959 Éamon de Valera Fianna Fáil 56.3% Éamon de Valera
Seán Mac Eoin Fine Gael 43.7%
1966 Éamon de Valera Fianna Fáil 50.5% Éamon de Valera
Tom O'Higgins Fine Gael 49.5%
1973 Erskine H. Childers Fianna Fáil 51.9% Erskine H. Childers
Tom O'Higgins Fine Gael 48.0%
1974 Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh Fianna Fáil n/a Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Fine Gael
Labour Party
1976 Patrick Hillery Fianna Fáil n/a Patrick Hillery
1983 Patrick Hillery Self-nomination n/a Patrick Hillery
1990 Austin Currie Fine Gael 17.0% Mary Robinson
Brian Lenihan Fianna Fáil 44.1%
Mary Robinson Labour Party 38.9%
Workers' Party
1997 Mary Banotti Fine Gael 29.3% Mary McAleese
Mary McAleese Fianna Fáil 45.2%
Progressive Democrats
Derek Nally County and City Councils 4.7%
Adi Roche Labour Party 6.9%
Democratic Left
Green Party
Dana Rosemary Scallon County and City Councils 13.8%
2004 Mary McAleese Self-nomination n/a Mary McAleese
2011 Mary Davis County and City Councils 2.7% Michael D. Higgins
Seán Gallagher County and City Councils 28.5%
Michael D. Higgins Labour Party 39.6%
Martin McGuinness Sinn Féin 13.7%
Independent TDs
Gay Mitchell Fine Gael 6.4%
David Norris County and City Councils 6.2%
Dana Rosemary Scallon County and City Councils 2.9%

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Article 12 of the Constitution of Ireland "Constitution of Ireland". Department of the Taoiseach. March 2010. http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/eng/Youth_Zone/About_the_Constitution,_Flag,_Anthem_Harp/Constitution_of_Ireland_March_2010.pdf. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Elections Act 1993". Irish Statute Book database. Attorney General of Ireland. http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1993/en/act/pub/0028/print.html. Retrieved 10 September 2010. 
  3. ^ Constitution Review Group (1996). "Article XII – XIV The President". Report. Government of Ireland. p. 22. http://www.constitution.ie/reports/crg.pdf#page=22. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "Electing a President - Preferential Voting". ACE: The Electoral Knowledge Network. http://aceproject.org/ace-en/topics/es/ese/ese01/ese01c. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
  5. ^ The 1995 report of the Constitution Review Group notes "There is an apparent discrepancy between the English and Irish versions. The Irish version has ‘ag a bhfuil cúig bliana tríochad slán’ (that is, has completed thirty-five years), whereas the English version is ‘who has reached his thirty-fifth year of age’, which could mean has entered rather than completed that year." As the Irish language text prevails, this means a candidate must be at least 35 years old
  6. ^ "Presidential Election in Ireland". Citizens Information Board Ireland. http://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/government_in_ireland/elections_and_referenda/national_elections/presidential_election.html. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  7. ^ "How the President is elected". Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. August 2011. http://www.environ.ie/en/LocalGovernment/Voting/PublicationsDocuments/FileDownLoad,1866,en.pdf. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Irish presidential election, 1997 — The Irish presidential election of 1997 was held on 30 October 1997. It was the eleventh presidential election to be held in Ireland, and only the sixth to be contested by more than one candidate.CandidatesThe 1997 presidential election saw the… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1990 — The Irish presidential election of 1990 was held on 7 November 1990. It was the tenth presidential election to be held in Ireland, and only the fifth to be contested by more than one candidate.CandidatesBrian Lenihan, SnrBrian Lenihan, Snr, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 2004 — The Irish presidential election of 2004 was set for 22 October 2004. However, nominations closed at noon on 1 October and the incumbent president, Mary McAleese, who had nominated herself in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, was …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1945 — The Irish presidential election of 1945 was held on 14 June 1945. It was Ireland s first contested presidential election. With the decision of President Douglas Hyde not to seek a second term, Fianna Fáil decided to nominate its deputy leader,… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1973 — The Irish presidential election of 1973 was held on 30 May 1973. With outgoing President Éamon de Valera constitutionally barred from seeking a third term, Fianna Fáil sought to get former Tánaiste Frank Aiken to run for the presidency, but he… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1959 — The Irish presidential election of 1959 was held on 17 June 1959. [A referendum proposing to change the electoral system was held on the same day, see Third Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland Bill, 1958.] Fianna Fáil s founder and longterm… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1966 — The Irish presidential election of 1966 was held on 1 June 1966. The outgoing president Éamon de Valera reluctantly agreed under Fianna Fáil party pressure to seek a second term. Fine Gael decided to run one of its younger TDs, Tom O Higgins… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1938 — The Irish presidential election of 1938 was the first Irish presidential election, held to fill the new office of President of Ireland.After negotiations between Fianna Fáil and Fine Gael, a Fine Gael suggestion for the post endorsed by Fianna… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1976 — The Irish presidential election of 1976 was precipitated by the sudden resignation of President Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh in October 1976, following an attack on him by Paddy Donegan, the Irish Minister for Defence in which the Minister called the… …   Wikipedia

  • Irish presidential election, 1952 — In the Irish presidential election of 1952, the second held since the creation of the office in 1937, the outgoing president, Seán T. O Kelly decided to seek a second term. No party opposed him, though independent satirist Eoin (the Pope) O… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.