East Germanic tribes

East Germanic tribes

The Germanic tribes referred to as East Germanic constitute a wave of migrants who may have moved from Scandinavia into the area between the Oder and Vistula rivers between 600 - 300 BC. Later they went to the south.

The east Germanic tribes, related to the North Germanic tribes, had migrated from Scandinavia into the region east of the Elbe (Vandals, Burgundians, Goths, Rugians and others). [The Penguin atlas of world history / Hermann Kinder and Werner Hilgemann ; translated by Ernest A. Menze ; with maps designed by Harald and Ruth Bukor. Harmondsworth : Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-051054-0 1988, Volume 1. p.109.]


Groups identified as East Germanic tribes include:
**Crimean Goths



The East Germanic languages are contrasted with North and West Germanic. However, the East Germanic languages shared many characteristics with North Germanic, perhaps because of the later migration date.

All the East Germanic languages are extinct as living languages. However, there have been recent attempts by Germanic tribal polytheists to reconstruct a form of neo-Gothic as a common community language.Fact|date=September 2007 This is primarily based on the academic publications of a small number of scholars who have studied what remains of the written records of the Gothic dialects within Italia, the Iberian peninsula, and old Anatolia. Whether their efforts will succeed has yet to be proven conclusively since the reconstruction of elder Germanic tribal belief systems is a rather young research field, dating by most accounts to the last quarter of the 19th century.

Modern descendants in Germanic Europe

Although the Eastern Germanic tribes do not have direct modern descendants in Germanic Europe, unlike North Germanic tribes and West Germanic tribes, they do have influence on various modern Germanic ethnicities.

*Swedes: Modern native Götlanders can be seen as Swedicised Goths.

*Danes: Modern native Bornholmers can be seen as Danicised Burgundians. If Vandals indeed come from Vendsyssel, then people native to Vensyssel can be seen as Danicised.

*Germans: Bavaria south of the Donau is an area once inhabitated by East Germanic tribes that settled along the upper Donau like Ostrogoths, who were assimilated into the Bajuvarians after the fall of the Ostrogothic Kingdom. The city of Worms also was the location of the first Burgundian kingdom. And the area around Mainz was inhabitated by Vandals in the early 5th century, right before they crossed the Rhine. Remaining groups of the 2 tribes (Vandals and Burgundians) were assimilated into other Western Germanic tribes.

*Austrians: Austria has been inhabitated by many Eastern Germanic tribes in the Early Middle Ages : Rugians that created a kingdom in north of the Donau, Gepids that settled in west Austria (in Roman times known as Pannonia), Scirians that wandered with Odocar to southeast Austria, Heruli that incorporated a little bit of northeast Austria into their kingdom in south Slovakia and Ostrogoths that went back after the fall of their kingdom. All these Eastern Germanic tribes got assimilated into the Bajuvarians.

*German Switzers: The Rhone valley has been a major region of Burgundian settlement and the second Burgundian kingdom. People of this region (in German Switzerland) are mainly descended from Allamanii and Burgundians.

ee also

* North Germanic tribes
* West Germanic tribes

Notes and references

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • East Germanic languages — Infobox Language family name=East Germanic altname=Gothic region=Eastern Europe familycolor=Indo European fam1=Indo European fam2=Germanic child1=Gothic child2=Crimean Gothic child3=Vandalic child4=Burgundian The East Germanic languages are a… …   Wikipedia

  • East Germanic languages — Introduction  group of long extinct Germanic languages once spoken by Germanic tribes located between the middle Oder and the Vistula. History       According to historical tradition, at least some of the Germanic tribes migrated to the mouth of… …   Universalium

  • West Germanic tribes — Germanic tribes (750BC 1AD)The West Germanic tribes were Germanic peoples who spoke the branch of Germanic languages known as West Germanic languages.They appear to be derived from the Jastorf culture, a Pre Roman Iron Age offshoot of the Nordic… …   Wikipedia

  • North Germanic tribes — are the Germanic tribes that left Scandinavia late on the second phase of the migration period, that took place between AD 500 and 900, and those whose people are still there nowadays. However, some people of East and West Germanic tribes did not …   Wikipedia

  • List of confederations of Germanic tribes — The following are some historical Germanic Confederations: 230 BC Bastarnae, a mixture of Germanic tribes, at the Black Sea; they participated in the siege of Olbia (modern South Ukraine) in 220 BC. 109 BC Huge confederation composed of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic peoples — The Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo European speaking peoples, originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic languages which diversified out of Common Germanic in the course of the Pre Roman Iron Age.… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic paganism — refers to the religious beliefs of the Germanic peoples preceding Christianization. The best documented version of the Germanic pagan religions is 10th and 11th century Norse paganism, though other information can be found from Anglo Saxon… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic Christianity — The Germanic peoples underwent gradual Christianization in the course of Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. By the 8th century, most of England and the Frankish Empire was de jure Christian, and by AD 1100, Germanic paganism had also… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic-Roman contacts — Map showing the biggest extension of Roman conquests in Germania during Augustus The contact between Germanic tribes and Romans can be divided into four aspects; the military aspect, the trade aspect, the gift aspect and the plunder aspect. All… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic languages — Branch of the Indo European language family, comprising languages descended from Proto Germanic. These are divided into West Germanic, including English, German, Frisian, Dutch, Afrikaans, and Yiddish; North Germanic, including Danish, Swedish,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.