By any means necessary


By any means necessary

By any means necessary is a translation of a phrase coined by the French intellectual Jean Paul Sartre in his play Dirty Hands. It is generally considered to leave open all available tactics for the desired ends, including violence; however, the “necessary” qualifier adds a caveat—if violence is not necessary, then presumably, it should not be used.

cquote2|I was not the one to invent lies: they were created in a society divided by class and each of us inherited lies when we were born. It is not by refusing to lie that we will abolish lies: it is by eradicating class "by any means necessary".|Jean Paul Sartre|"Dirty Hands": act 5, scene 3. 1963 [cite web
url = http://www.bartleby.com/66/20/48220.html
title = NUMBER: 48220
publisher = The Columbia World of Quotations
author =
date =
accessdate = 2007-01-28
]

It entered the popular culture through a speech given by Malcolm X in the last year of his life.:cquote2|We declare our right on this earth to be a man, to be a human being, to be respected as a human being, to be given the rights of a human being in this society, on this earth, in this day, which we intend to bring into existence "by any means necessary".|Malcolm X|1965 [cite book
last = Malcolm X
first =
authorlink= Malcolm X
coauthors =
title = By Any Means Necessary (Malcolm X Speeches & Writings)
year = 1992
publisher = Pathfinder Press
location = New York
isbn = 0873487540
]

References


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  • by any means — adverb in any way necessary (Freq. 1) I ll pass this course by hook or by crook • Syn: ↑by hook or by crook * * * adverb : in any way : at all * * * by any means In any way …   Useful english dictionary

  • means — noun 1 method of doing sth ADJECTIVE ▪ appropriate, convenient, effective, efficient, reliable, useful ▪ an effective means of mass communication ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • means — W2S2 [mi:nz] n plural means ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(method)¦ 2¦(money)¦ 3 by all means! 4 by no means/not by any means 5 by means of something 6 a means to an end 7 the means of production ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • necessary — This word must be considered in the connection in which it is used, as it is a word susceptible of various meanings. It may import absolute physical necessity or inevitability, or it may import that which is only convenient, useful, appropriate,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • necessary — This word must be considered in the connection in which it is used, as it is a word susceptible of various meanings. It may import absolute physical necessity or inevitability, or it may import that which is only convenient, useful, appropriate,… …   Black's law dictionary


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