Heinrich Otto Wieland


Heinrich Otto Wieland

Infobox Scientist
name = Heinrich Otto Wieland


image_size = 180px
caption = Heinrich Otto Wieland
birth_date = June 4, 1877
birth_place = Pforzheim, Baden, Germany
death_date = death date and age|1957|8|5|1877|5|4
death_place = Starnberg, Bavaria, Germany
nationality = Germany
field = Chemistry
work_institutions = Technical University of Munich 1913-21,

University of Freiburg 1921-25,
University of Munich 1925-
alma_mater = University of Munich
doctoral_advisor = Johannes Thiele
doctoral_students = Rolf Huisgen,
Leopold Horner
known_for = bile acids research
prizes = Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1927)

Heinrich Otto Wieland (June 4, 1877 – August 5, 1957) was a German chemist. He won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research into the bile acids. [cite journal | author=P. Karrer | title=Heinrich Wieland. 1877-1957 | journal= Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society | year=1958 | volume=4 | issue=2 | pages=340–352 | url=http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0080-4606%28195811%294%3C340%3AHW1%3E2.0.CO%3B2-3 | doi=10.1098/rsbm.1958.0026] [cite journal | author=Bernhard Witkop | title=Remembering Heinrich Wieland (1877-1957) portrait of an organic chemist and founder of modern biochemistry | journal= Medicinal Research Reviews | year=1993 | volume=12 | issue=3 | pages=195–274 | doi=10.1002/med.2610120303] In 1901 Wieland received his doctorate at the University of Munich while studying under Johannes Thiele. In 1904 he completed his habilitation, then continued to teach at the university and starting in 1907 was a consultant for Boehringer-Ingelheim. In 1914 he became associate professor for special topics in organic chemistry, and director of the Organic Division of the State Laboratory in Munich. From 1917 to 1918 Wieland worked in the service of the (KWI) Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Elektrochemistry in Dahlem then led by Fritz Haber as an alternative to regular military service. There he was involved in weapons resarch for instance finding new synthetic routes for mustard gas. He is also credited with the first synthesis of Adamsite.

From 1913 to 1921, he was Professor at the Technical University of Munich. He then moved to the University of Freiburg as successor of Ludwig Gattermann (he also assumed responsibility for Gattermanns infamous cookbook). In Freiburg he started working on toad poisons and bile acids. In association with Boehringer-Ingelheim he worked on synthetic alkaloids such as morphine and strychnine

In 1925 Wieland succeeded Richard Willstätter as Chemistry Professor at the University of Munich. [ [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1927/wieland-bio.html Heinrich Wieland - Biography ] ]

In 1941, Wieland isolated the toxin alpha-amanitin, the principal active agent of one of the world's most poisonous mushrooms "Amanita phalloides".

Wieland tried successfully to protect people, especially Jewish students, who were "racially burdened" after the Nuremberg Laws. Students who were expelled because they were "racially burdened" could stay in Heinrich Wieland's group as chemists or as "Gäste des Geheimrats" (guests of the privy councillor). After collecting money for Kurt Huber's widow Clara Huber, Hans Conrad Leipelt, a student of Wieland, was sentenced to death.

Family

Heinrichs father, Theodor Wieland (1846 - 1928) was a pharmacist with a doctorate in chemistry. He owned a gold and silver refinery in Pforzheim "Interconnections and Independence: Heinrich Wieland(1877–1957) and His Era" Elisabeth Vaupel Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 9154 –9179 DOI|10.1002/anie.200702255] . Heinrich Wieland was a cousin of Helene Boehringer, the wife of Albert Boehringer, who was the founder of Boehringer-Ingelheim. From 1915 to the end of 1920, he was advisor at Boehringer-Ingelheim and during this time he established the first scientific department of the company.

Eva Wieland, Heinrich Wieland's daughter, was married to Feodor Lynen on 14 May 1937.

Heinrich Wieland Prize

Since 1964, the Heinrich Wieland Prize has been awarded annually to promote research on chemistry, biochemistry, physiology and clinical medicine of lipids and related substances. The prize is among the most treasured international science awards and has a successful history of over 40 years. To date it has been presented to 58 scientists. The Heinrich Wieland Prize is sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim and awarded by an independent Board of Trustees.

References

*Citation | id=PMID:13464859 | url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13464859 | last=HASLEWOOD | first=G A | publication-date=1957 Sep 7 | year=1957 | title=Prof. H. O. Weiland | volume=180 | issue=4584 | periodical=Nature | pages=462–3

External links

* http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1927/wieland-bio.html


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heinrich Otto Wieland — (* 4. Juni 1877 in Pforzheim; † 5. August 1957 in München) war ein deutscher Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger für Chemie. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Heinrich Otto Wieland — (4 juin 1877 5 août 1957) était un chimiste allemand, lauréat du prix Nobel de chimie en 1927 « pour ses recherches sur la constitution de l acide biliaire et les substances apparentées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Heinrich Otto Wieland — (n. Pforzheim, Baden, 4 de junio de 1877 † Munich, 5 de agosto de 1957). Químico alemán. Tras estudiar en las universidades de Berlín, Munich y Stuttgart, enseñó química orgánica en las de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Wieland, Heinrich Otto — ► (1877 1957) Químico alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1927, por su investigación sobre el comportamiento de los ácidos biliares. * * * (4 jun. 1877, Pforzheim, Alemania–5 ago. 1957, Alemania Federal). Químico alemán. Obtuvo el Premio Nobel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wieland , Heinrich Otto — (1877–1957) German chemist Wieland was born in Pforzheim, Germany, the son of a chemist in a gold and silver refinery. He was educated at the University of Munich where he obtained his PhD in 1901. After teaching at the Munich Technical Institute …   Scientists

  • Wieland, Heinrich Otto — born June 4, 1877, Pforzheim, Ger. died Aug. 5, 1957, W.Ger. German chemist. He won a 1927 Nobel Prize for research on bile acids which showed that the three acids then isolated had similar structures and were also structurally related to… …   Universalium

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  • Wieland — is a Germanic name, meaning, from wela battle and, nand brave .*Weyland, a smith in Germanic mythologyas a first name: *Wieland Wagner, grandson of Richard Wagneras a second name: *Christoph Martin Wieland, a German poet *Heinrich Otto Wieland a… …   Wikipedia


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