Balochistan Liberation Army


Balochistan Liberation Army

Infobox War Faction
name=Balochistan Liberation Army
Baloch Ajoee Lashkar
war=Balochistan conflict


caption=
status= unknown
ideology=Baloch nationalism.
leaders=Unknown
clans=
area=
strength=Unknown
partof=
previous=
next=
allies=
opponents=
battles=

The Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) is a militant separatist organization. The stated goals of the organization includes establishment of a sovereign Baloch government. The name Baloch Liberation Army first became public in summer 2000, after the organization claimed credit for a series of bomb attacks. In 2006, the BLA was declared to be a terrorist organization by the Pakistani and British governments. [" [http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=1041072006 "Four groups banned under anti-terrorism law"] ", Katherine Baldwin, The Scotsman, 17 July, 2006. Last accessed 18 July, 2006]

Leadership

Members of the BLA are from the Baloch community, some believe that 50% percent of fighters of the Baloch Liberation Army members are from the Marri tribe and the rest is other Balochs from all over Balochistan.Regarding the leadership of the BLA, no one knows that who heads this clandestine network of Baloch guerillas. Some believe that Mir Balach Marri, son of Baloch tribal leader Nawab Khair Bakhsh Marri, was the head of the BLA but Balach denied this, stating he knew of the BLA and supports them morally and physically, but is not their chief. Balach Marri survived an attack by Pakistani Special Service Group (SSG) on 26 August 2006, in which another well-known Baloch leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was killed. In addition to Balach Marri, the grandsons of Akbar Khan Bugti, Brahamdagh Khan Bugti and Mir Aley also survived. However, Balach Marri was killed in another attack on November 21, 2007. [ [http://thenews.jang.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=11300 BLA chief killed near Pak-Afghan border - The news] ]

Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was buried at Dera Bugti in a private ceremony. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_pictures/5305620.stm Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti's Funeral] (BBC) 31 December 2003]

Mir Balaach Marri, the perceived head of the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA), was killed on 20 November 2007, [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7106270.stm Top Baloch rebel leader 'killed' - BBC News, 21 November 2007] ] his killing triggered a wave of violence in Balochistan [ [http://www.hindu.com/2007/11/23/stories/2007112362341800.htm Protests in Balochistan over BLA leader’s killing - The Hindu] ] and led to broad condemnation, Benazir Bhutto said the killing was “a bad omen for the integrity of the Federation”, [ [http://iaoj.wordpress.com/2007/11/22/benazir-bhutto-condemns-murder-of-balaach-marri-says-it-is-bad-omen-for-the-federation Benazir Bhutto condemns murder of Balaach Marri Says it is bad omen for the federation] ] whilst the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan said "the incident was likely to increase the anger of the people of Balochistan against the Pakistan Government". [ [http://www.topnews.in/hrcp-strongly-denounces-killing-balach-marri-27266 HRCP strongly denounces killing of Balach Marri Top News India] ] [ [http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2007/11/international-kashmir-alliance-condemn.html IntelliBriefs: International Kashmir Alliance condemn the killing of Balach Mari ] ] [ [http://www.dawn.com/2007/11/25/local20.htm Balach’s killing condemned] ] The cause and location of his death are unknown. There are at least three locations quoted for the incident, ranging from Helmand province in Afghanistan (in a mistaken NATO airstrike), to the Pak-Afghan border in the Nushki area, to Kahan area in Kohlu district in the Marri tribal area, the latter two at the hands of the Pakistani security forces, his killing sparked a wave of violence in Quetta. [ [http://www.dawn.com/2007/11/22/top3.htm Balach Marri killed: Violence in Quetta, schools closed - Dawn Pakistan] ] [ [http://www.weeklypulse.org/pulse/article/969.html Balach Marri's death adds to uncertainty in Balochistan - The Pulse] ] Although a BLA spokesman confirmed the killing of the BLA commander, he was reluctant to give out any further information as to location or how many of his comrades may have been killed with him, for fear, he said, of compromising the safety of other BLA fighters. [ [http://www.baluchonline.com/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=602 Balach Marri’s killing - National Baloch Media Network] ]

Allegations of Terrorism

The Balochistan Liberation Army has been listed as an organization that funds, and promotes terrorism. On 17 July 2006 the government of the United Kingdom listed the BLA as a terrorist outfit [" [http://news.scotsman.com/latest.cfm?id=1041072006 "Four groups banned under anti-terrorism law"] ", Katherine Baldwin, The Scotsman, 17 July, 2006. Last accessed 18 July, 2006] and banned their members from the UK. [" [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/crime/article689084.ece "Militant Islamist groups banned under terror law"] ", Richard Ford, Timesonline, 18 July, 2006] The group has also been listed a terror group by MIPT Terrorism Knowledge base, an organization funded by the US Dept. for homeland Security. [" [http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=3961 BLA Profile - "MIPT Terrorism Knowledge base"] "] Due to BLA's designation as a terrorist organisation by the British Home Office, [" [http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/security/terrorism-and-the-law/terrorism-act/proscribed-groups "British Home Office: Proscribed terror groups"] "] any member associated with the group is barred from entering the UK.

Actions by the Baloch Liberation Army

June, 2000: By and large the victims of BLA are unarmed civilians specially of Punjabi origin. This includes doctors, professors and mostly barbers. A number of bombs were detonated by BLA activists in the commercial district of Quetta, the provincial capital of Pakistani Balochistan, an area often frequented by the Pakistani military personnel. The explosions resulted in the deaths of 26 soldiers and 5 civilians, and the wounding of many others. Fact|date=February 2007
* July, 2000: Fifteen 82-mm mortar shells were fired from the Koh-i-Murdar mountain range near Quetta, targeting the city's military garrison. No official casualty report was issued by the Pakistani military to the press in Balochistan. * Numerous deaths of Pakistani soldiers have resulted from landmines planted by BLA. [ [http://www.dawn.com/2006/04/10/top2.htm "BLA declared terrorist organization, banned"] , Syed Irfan Raza, Dawn, April 10, 2006. Last accessed July 18, 2006.]

* Date 18-8-06.Asaap [ [http://asaappublications.com ::: ASAAP Publications ::: ] ] newspaper reported that on Thursday 17 August Pakistani army was conducting a search operation against BLA fighters 12 kilometres away from Karmo Wadh, near Sibi. At the time of operation Pakistani forces came under heavy barrage of rocket fire from Baloch fighters, in which three Pakistani soldiers were killed and seven became wounded. Names of the killed soldiers who died on the spot are NCO Amjad Ali, NCO Tasawer Hussen and NCO Matloob Hussen. Names of the critically wounded soldiers: Major Qaiser, Hawaldar Anser, Corporal Mudser Hussen, NCO Majid Hussen, NCO Ishfaq Ahmed, NCO Janzeb and NCO Ashraf, all the wounded were shifted to CMH (Combined Military Hospital) Hospital Sibi. In another such incident 40 kilometres away from Sangsila at Bambore-Top, Dera Bugti area. When Pakistani soldiers were digging trenches on Bambore-Top suddenly a landmine blasted with a big bang. In which Naib Subedar Kashmir Afridi and NCO Abdul Khaliq Afridi died on the spot, and five soldiers were critically wounded (names of the wounded were not confirmed).Note: Bambore is a mountain located in the east of Sibi and north of Dera Bugti. Top is an English word used by Pakistani army.
* News, 25,August,2006. Four tribal militants were killed on Friday as security forces used helicopter gunships to launch another operation in parts of Kohlu district. Two members of the security forces were also killed while an officer was injured. Reports reaching here from Kohlu said the security forces moved in to Karmo Wadh and Tartani areas near Kahan and used helicopter gunships to attack militants? hideouts. The operation was launched two days ago, they added.Militants have also claimed inflicting big losses on the security forces.Azad Baloch, a spokesman for the banded Balochistan Liberation Army, told newsmen at the Quetta Press Club on telephone from an unknown place that armed militants were resisting the attacks.He claimed that over a dozen security personnel had been killed and many others injured in the area. He also claimed killing FC men in a landmine explosion in Kamo Wadh area.However, official sources did not confirm any casualties to the security forces. [ [http://www.dawn.com/2006/08/26/top9.htm Six killed in fresh Kohlu operation - Dawn Pakistan] ]
* News, 29, May,2007. Dozens of blasts in Balochistan which disabled the railway links with the rest of the country were claimed by the BLA, [ [http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=3&art_id=nw20070529090026780C489518 Blasts cut rail links with Iran - IOL South Africa] ] .

*Bungal Bugti was former ally of Nawab Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti. Bungal Bugti was killed on May 9th, 2008 when his car blew up. It has been reported that the militants of Balochistan Liberation Army carried out the attack.

References

ee also

*History of Balochistan

External links

* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xpagDaQDWE Exclusive report on Baluch separatists, 10 Jun 07, Al Jazeera]
* [http://paki.in/wtf/2008/04/23/baloch-liberation-from-whom/ WTF- Baloch Liberation; from whom?]
* [http://www.tni.org/detail_page.phtml?act_id=17032&username=guest@tni.org&password=9999&publish=Y Never Mind The Baluch] , An article by Ben Hayes of Red Pepper (magazine) that criticises the UK Government for listing the BLA as a terrorist organisation under the Terrorism Act 2000
* [http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2370046 Chris Zambelis, "Violence and Rebellion in Iranian Balochistan,"] "Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor," Volume 4, Issue 13, June 29, 2006.
* http://www.bso-na.org BALOCH SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICA A Baloch website from USA.
* http://www.balochvoice.com A Baloch website transmitting the news about the actions of Baloch Liberation Army.
* http://www.radiobalochi.org First ever free Baloch radio, broadcasting from Stockholm., Sweden. News in Balochi and Brahui.
* http://www.balochpeople.com Balochistan People's Party's website.
* http://www.balochwarna.org Baloch Warna. Warna means youth in Balochi and Brahui.
* http://www.balochunity.org Dr. Marri's website from Moscow, Russia.
* http://www.thebaluch.com A documentary about Baloch people.
* http://fpc.org.uk/events/117 Foreign Policy Center's(FPC/London) report about Balochistan.
* http://www.balochpeople.org/eng/2007/jan/opinion1.htm#2 Answer to the FPC report about Balochistan.Scroll down this page(link) for the answer. Reports from BBC
*http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5294522.stm Clashes at Baloch tribal memorial
*http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5162662.stm Pakistan kills '21 Baloch rebels'
*http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5155364.stm Baloch rebels reject army claims
*http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/5152212.stm Pakistan kills '25 Baloch rebels'
*http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4243129.stm The world according to the Baloch
* [http://journal.frontierindia.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=8&id=24&Itemid=55 Liberation Times - Baloachistan Liberation]
* http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2007/09/baloch-nationalists-can-approach-icj.html Baluch Nationalists can approach ICJ , need not be a "State"


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