Paṭṭiṉappālai


Paṭṭiṉappālai

Pattinappaalai, is a Tamil poetic work in the "Pathinenmaelkanakku" anthology of Tamil literature, belonging to the Sangam period corresponding to between 100 BCE – 100 CE. "Pattinappaalai" is part of the Pattupattu collection, which is the oldest available collection of long poems in Tamil literature. "Pattinappaalai" contains 301 lines of poetry in the "akaval" meter. "Pattinappaalai" was written by the poet Uruthirankannanaar in praise of the Chola king Karikala. "Pattinappaalai" poems belong to the "Akam", or subjective themes of love and human relationships and utilises the location of the story to sing praises of the ruler.

Puhar

"Pattinappaalai" contains vivid descriptions of the ancient Chola capital of Kaveripattinam (Puhar), which was located at the mouth of the river Kaveri. The flourishing sea-trade and the antics of Yavanas, the merchants from ancient Greece and Rome, their living quarters, etc are colourfully described by the poet. The realistic nature of these descriptions makes us wonder whether these to be eyewitness accounts rather than an imaginary account of a poet. It gives details about the goods that were imported and exported from the Puhar port, the professions which flourished in the port. Pattinappalai also gives an idealised description of the merchants plying their trade in Puhar ("Pattinappaalai" – II –199-212):

:"They shunned murder, and put aside theft, pleased the gods by fire offerings,they regarded others rights as scrupulously as their own, they took nothing more than was due to them and never gave less that was due from them. Trading thus in many articles of merchandise, they enjoyed an ancient heritage of prosperity and lived in close proximity to one another."

"Pattinappaalai" story

The story in "Pattinappaalai" is about the hero who has to travel away from Puhar in order to earn his livelihood. But he is hesitant, as he knows that his lover will be forlorn in his absence. "Pattinappaalai" is the soliloquy of the hero in which he addresses himself: "O heart! I will not leave the prosperous Puhar to go abroad looking for wealth. The way in which one needs to travel is a "paalai" land (wasteland). It is as treacherous as Karikala's sword. My lover is tender hearted as Karikala's reign. I will never leave my dear lover".

This, the entire story of "Pattinappaalai" forms a mere six lines of poetry. The rest of the poem is devoted to the description of Puhar and of Karikala's might and valour.

References

* http://www.tamilnation.org/literature/
* http://www.tamilnation.org/literature/pathinen/pm0077.pdf "Pattinappaalai" eText at Project madurai


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mahavidwan R. Raghava Iyengar — The Bhasha Kavisekhara Mahavidwan R. Raghava Iyengar (born Sept. 20 1870) was known for critical scholarship and creative interpretation of literature. LifeMahavidwan R. Raghava Iyengar was born in the village called Thennavarayan, Pudukottai… …   Wikipedia

  • R. Raghava Iyengar — The Bhasha Kavisekhara Mahavidwan R. Raghava Iyengar (born September 20, 1870, date of death unknown) was known for critical scholarship and creative interpretation of literature. Contents 1 Life 2 Mahavidwan R. Raghava Iyengar s works 2.1 Edited …   Wikipedia

  • Tamil Sangams — For other uses of Sangam see Sangam (disambiguation). Topics in Sangam literature Sangam literature Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku Eṭṭuttokai Aiṅkurunūṟu …   Wikipedia

  • Civaka Cintamani — Topics in Sangam literature Sangam literature Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku Eṭṭuttokai Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu Puṟa …   Wikipedia

  • Silappatikaram — Topics in Sangam literature Sangam literature Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku Eṭṭuttokai Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu Puṟa …   Wikipedia

  • Eelam — (History of the termThe earliest use of the word is found in a Tamil Brahmi inscription as well as in the Sangam literature. The Thiruparankundram inscription found near Madurai in Tamil Nadu and dated on palaeographical grounds to the 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Manimekalai — Topics in Sangam literature Sangam literature Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku Eṭṭuttokai Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu Puṟa …   Wikipedia

  • Sangam literature — refers to a body of classical Tamil literature created between the years c. 600 BCE to 300 CE.[citation needed][1][2][3][4] This collection contains 2381 poems composed by 473 poets, some 102 of whom remain anonymous …   Wikipedia

  • Naṟṟiṇai — Topics in Sangam literature Sangam literature Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku Eṭṭuttokai Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu Puṟa …   Wikipedia

  • Early Cholas — The Early Cholas of the pre and post Sangam period (300 BCE – 200 CE) were one of the three main kingdoms of the ancient Tamil country. Their early capitals were Urayur and Kaveripattinam. Along with Pandyas and Cheras, Chola history goes back to …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.