Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury


Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury

Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC (August 27, 1893 – February 23, 1972) was a grandson of the great 3rd Marquess. Nicknamed "Bobbety", the 5th Marquess was elected to the House of Commons in 1929, and then called up to the House of Lords by a writ of acceleration in 1941, before he succeeded his father as Marquess of Salisbury in 1947.

Lord Salisbury was a prominent Tory politician in the 1940s and 1950s, serving in the governments of Winston Churchill, Anthony Eden, and Harold Macmillan. He was known as a hardline imperialist. In 1952, as Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, he tried to make permanent the exile of Seretse Khama, "kgosi" of the Bamangwato people in Bechuanaland, for marrying a white British woman. During the 1960s, Lord Salisbury continued to be a staunch defender of the white-dominated governments in South Africa and in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).

He was also a fierce opponent of liberal-left attempts to reform the House of Lords, yet he created what is known as the Salisbury Convention. In 1961 he became the first president of the Conservative Monday Club, a post he held until his death.

He was Chancellor of the University of Liverpool from 1951 until 1971.

Lord Salisbury was married to Elizabeth Vere Cavendish, a cousin of the 10th Duke of Devonshire and a great-granddaughter of the 7th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, herself a granddaughter of Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire. They had three sons, of whom only the eldest survived the Second World War.

External links

* [http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp63175 Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery]

-
-


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury — Robert Edward Peter Gascoyne Cecil, 6th Marquess of Salisbury (October 24 1916 ndash;July 11 2003) was the son of Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury. Prior to succeeding his father in the Marquessate, he had been Conservative Member …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury — Robert Michael James Gascoyne Cecil, 7th Marquess of Salisbury, PC (born September 30, 1946), is a British Conservative politician. During the 1990s, he was Leader of the House of Lords under his courtesy title of Viscount Cranborne. He is… …   Wikipedia

  • James Gascoyne-Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury — James Edward Hubert Gascoyne Cecil, 4th Marquess of Salisbury, KG, GCVO, CB, PC (October 23 1861 – April 4 1947) was a British statesman.The eldest son and heir of the Victorian statesman Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, he was… …   Wikipedia

  • James Gascoyne-Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury — James Brownlow William Gascoyne Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury (17 April 1791 ndash; 12 April 1868) was an English Conservative politician. He was known by the courtesy title Viscount Cranborne before 1823.He entered the House of Commons in… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Gascoyne-Cecil — may refer to:* Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1830 1903), British statesman and Prime Minister * Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury (1893 1972), prominent Tory politician * Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 6th Marquess of… …   Wikipedia

  • Gascoyne-Cecil — is a surname, and may refer to:* Georgina Gascoyne Cecil, Marchioness of Salisbury (1827 1899), Lady of the Royal Order of Victoria and Albert * James Gascoyne Cecil, 2nd Marquess of Salisbury (1791 1868), English Conservative politician * James… …   Wikipedia

  • Marquess of Salisbury — Marquessate of Salisbury Creation date 10 August 1789 Created by King George III Peerage Peerage of Great Britain First holder James Cecil, 7th Earl of …   Wikipedia

  • marquess — /mahr kwis/, n. Brit. 1. marquee (def. 3). 2. marquis. [sp. var. of MARQUIS] * * * I or marquis European title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a duke and above a count or earl. The wife of a marquess is a marchioness or… …   Universalium

  • William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington — William John Robert Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington (December 10, 1917 – September 10, 1944) was the eldest son of Edward Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire and the husband of Kathleen Kennedy, sister of American President John F. Kennedy.… …   Wikipedia

  • David Ormsby-Gore, 5th Baron Harlech — The Right Honourable The Lord Harlech KCMG PC Member of Parliament for Oswestry In office 1950–1961 Preceded by Oliver Poole …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.