- Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury
Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil, 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC (
August 27, 1893– February 23, 1972) was a grandson of the great 3rd Marquess. Nicknamed "Bobbety", the 5th Marquess was elected to the House of Commons in 1929, and then called up to the House of Lordsby a writ of accelerationin 1941, before he succeeded his father as Marquess of Salisburyin 1947.
Lord Salisbury was a prominent Tory politician in the 1940s and 1950s, serving in the governments of
Winston Churchill, Anthony Eden, and Harold Macmillan. He was known as a hardline imperialist. In 1952, as Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations, he tried to make permanent the exile of Seretse Khama, "kgosi" of the Bamangwatopeople in Bechuanaland, for marrying a white British woman. During the 1960s, Lord Salisbury continued to be a staunch defender of the white-dominated governments in South Africaand in Southern Rhodesia(now Zimbabwe).
He was also a fierce opponent of liberal-left attempts to reform the House of Lords, yet he created what is known as the
Salisbury Convention. In 1961 he became the first president of the Conservative Monday Club, a post he held until his death.
He was Chancellor of the
University of Liverpoolfrom 1951 until 1971.
Lord Salisbury was married to Elizabeth Vere Cavendish, a cousin of the 10th Duke of Devonshire and a great-granddaughter of the 7th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, herself a granddaughter of
Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire. They had three sons, of whom only the eldest survived the Second World War.
* [http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/person.asp?LinkID=mp63175 Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery]
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