- Harlan Fiske Stone
Infobox Chief Justice
name = Harlan Fiske Stone
office = 12th
Chief Justice of the United States
July 3 1941
April 22 1946
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Charles Evans Hughes
Fred M. Vinson
office2 = Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
March 2 1925
July 2 1941
Robert H. Jackson
order3 = 52nd
United States Attorney General
April 7 1924
March 1 1925
Harry M. Daugherty
John G. Sargent
birthdate = birth date|1872|10|11|mf=y
birthplace = Chesterfield,
New Hampshire, United States
deathdate = death date and age|1946|04|22|1872|10|11
religion = Episcopalian
Amherst College, Columbia University
Harlan Fiske Stone (
October 11 1872– April 22 1946) was an American lawyerand jurist. A native of New Hampshirehe served as the dean of Columbia Law School, his alma materin the early 20th century. He was a member of the Republican Party. He was appointed as the 52nd Attorney General of the United States before becoming an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Stone would become the 12th Chief Justice of the court in 1941, serving until his death in 1946.
From 1894 to 1895 he was the submaster of Newburgh High School. From 1895 to 1896 he was an instructor in history at Adelphi Academy in
Brooklyn, New York.
Columbia Law Schoolfrom 1895 to 1898 and was admitted to the New York bar in 1898. Stone practiced law in New York City, initially as a member of the firm Satterlee, Sullivan & Stone, and later a partner in the firm Sullivan & Cromwell. From 1899 to 1902 he lectured on law at Columbia Law School; he was a professor there from 1902 to 1905; and eventually became the school's dean from 1910 to 1923. He lived in The Colosseum (apartment building)near campus.
In 1924, he was appointed
United States Attorney Generalby his Amherst classmate and then-President Calvin Coolidge. As Attorney General, Stone was responsible for the appointment of J. Edgar Hooveras head of the Department of Justice's Bureau of Investigation, which was to become the Federal Bureau of Investigation(FBI).
In 1925, Stone was appointed an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, becoming Coolidge's only appointment to the Court.
During the 1932–1937 Supreme Court terms, Stone, along with Justices Brandeis and Cardozo, was considered a member of the Three Musketeers, which was considered to be the liberal faction of the Supreme Court. The three were highly supportive of President Roosevelt's
New Dealprograms, which many of the other Supreme Court Justices opposed. For example, he wrote for the court in " United States v. Darby", ussc|312|100|1941, which upheld challenged provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. Stone also authored the Court's opinion in United States v. Carolene Products Co., ussc|304|144|1938, which, in its famous " Footnote 4," provided a roadmap for judicial review in the post-" Lochner v. New York" era.
Stone's support of the
New Dealbrought him in Roosevelt's favor, and in 1941 the President elevated him to Chief Justice, a position that he occupied for the rest of his life.
As Chief Justice, Stone spoke for the Court in upholding the President's power to try
Nazisaboteurs by military tribunalsin " Ex parte Quirin", ussc|317|1|1942. Stone also wrote one of the major opinions in establishing the standard for state courts to have personal jurisdiction over litigants in " International Shoe Co. v. Washington", ussc|326|310|1945.
As Chief Justice, Stone described the Nuremberg court as "a fraud" to Germans (Alpheus T. Mason, Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law, New York: Viking, 1956, p. 716).
In 1946, at the age of 73, Stone died of a cerebral hemorrhage that struck on the bench as he read his dissent in "Girouard v. United States", ussc|328|61|1946. (He opposed overturning precedents that would have barred a Seventh-day Adventist from being
naturalizedas a U.S. citizen if he refused to take up military arms during wartime despite being willing to serve as a conscientious objector.) He is the only Supreme Court Justice to have died during an open court session.
To date, Justice Stone is the only justice to have physically filled all nine seats on the bench, having incrementally moved "seniority" positions from most junior Associate Justice to most senior Associate Justice and finally to Chief Justice.
Stone was the director of the "Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line Railroad Company", the president of the
Association of American Law Schools, and a member of the American Bar Association.
He was awarded an honorary master of arts degree from
Amherst Collegein 1900, and an honorary Doctor of Lawsdegree from Amherst in 1913. Yale awarded him an honorary doctor of laws degree in 1924, with Columbia and Williams each awarding the same honorary degree in 1925.
Stone married Agnes E. Harvey in 1899. Their children were Lauson H. Stone and the mathematician Marshall H. Stone. Stone is buried at
Rock Creek Cemeteryin the Petworth neighborhood of Washington, D.C.
*Frank, John P., "The Justices of the United States Supreme Court: Their Lives and Major Opinions" (Leon Friedman and Fred L. Israel, editors) (Chelsea House Publishers: 1995) ISBN 0791013774, ISBN 978-0791013779
*Mason, Alpheus Thomas, "Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law". New York, Viking Press, 1956
*Urofsky, Melvin I., "Division and Discord: The Supreme Court under Stone and Vinson, 1941-1953". Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1997. ISBN 1570031207
end U.S. Supreme Court composition
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Harlan Fiske Stone — Harlan Stone (um 1930) Harlan Fiske Stone (* 11. Oktober 1872 in Chesterfield, Cheshire County, New Hampshire; † 22. April 1946 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer … Deutsch Wikipedia
Harlan Fiske Stone — noun United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872 1946) • Syn: ↑Stone • Instance Hypernyms: ↑jurist, ↑legal expert … Useful english dictionary
Harlan F. Stone — 12th Chief Justice of the United States In office July 3, 1941 – April 22, 1946 … Wikipedia
Harlan F. Stone — Harlan Stone (um 1930) Harlan Fiske Stone (* 11. Oktober 1872 in Chesterfield, New Hampshire; † 22. April 1946 in Washington (D.C.)) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist, Politiker, Justizmin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stone, Harlan Fiske — born Oct. 11, 1872, Chesterfield, N.H., U.S. died April 22, 1946, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. He studied at Columbia Law School and later practiced law while serving as dean (1910–23). Pres. Calvin Coolidge appointed him U.S. attorney general… … Universalium
Stone, Harlan Fiske — (1872 1946) Born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire, and a graduate of Amherst College in 1894 and Columbia University Law School in 1898, Harlan Fiske Stone became the eleventh chief justice of the Supreme Court. After beginning his own private… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Stone, Harlan Fiske — (11 oct. 1872, Chesterfield, N.H., EE.UU.–22 abr. 1946, Washington, D.C.). Jurista estadounidense. Estudió en la escuela de derecho de la Universidad de Columbia y más tarde ejerció la profesión mientras se desempeñaba como decano (1910–23). El… … Enciclopedia Universal
Stone,Harlan Fiske — Stone, Harlan Fiske. 1872 1946. American jurist who served as an associate justice (1925 1941) and the chief justice (1941 1946) of the U.S. Supreme Court. * * * … Universalium
Harlan — may refer to:Peopleurname*Bob Harlan, Chairman and CEO of the NFL s Green Bay Packers *Byron B. Harlan (1886 1949), American attorney and politician *Byron G. Harlan (1861–1936), American singer *Christiane Harlan (b. 1932), German actress,… … Wikipedia
Harlan — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Harlan Coben (* 1962), US amerikanischer Autor Harlan Erwin Mitchell (1924–2011), US amerikanischer Politiker Harlan Fiske Stone (1872–1946), US amerikanischer Jurist und Politiker Harlan ist der Familienname… … Deutsch Wikipedia