Cornelia Cinna minor


Cornelia Cinna minor
Cornelia from Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum, with the inscription cornelia sinnae c. caes. vx., or "Cornelia, Cinna's [daughter], G[aius] Caes[ar's] w[ife]"

Cornelia Cinnilla (94 BC – 69[1] or 68 BC[2]), daughter of Lucius Cornelius Cinna (one of the great leaders of the Marian party), and a sister to suffect consul Lucius Cornelius Cinna, was married to Gaius Julius Caesar, who would become one of Rome's greatest conquerors and its dictator. Cinna's political party was called the Populares, and his union with Cornelia identified Caesar with this faction.[3]

Caesar and Cornelia married in 83 BC,[4] likely after the death of Cornelia's father Cinna in 84 BC.[5]

When Lucius Cornelius Sulla commanded Caesar to divorce Cornelia, the young husband refused to do so and chose rather to be deprived of her fortune and to be proscribed himself. Cornelia bore him his daughter Julia Caesaris, according to Tacitus (Annals iii 6) in 82 or 83 BC at the age of 11 or 12.

Cornelia was the matron of Caesar's household in their home at the Subura in Rome for sixteen years. She died in childbirth[citation needed] in 69 BC or 68 BC, during Caesar's quaestorship, and left him a daughter who was then fifteen years of age.[5] Cornelia was 26 years old at her death. Caesar delivered an oration in praise of her from the Rostra.[6][7][8]

In keeping with Roman naming conventions, Cornelia is known by the feminine form of her gens name.

References

  1. ^ Matthias Gelzer, Caesar, Politician and Statesman, (translated by Peter Needham), Oxford, 1968; Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, vol. 2, 132, New York, (1951-1986). Gelzer quotes Broughton to assert that Caesar was quaestor in 69 BC. Gelzer explains that Caesar, after becoming quaestor, delivered an oration in praise of his aunt Julia. Shortly after this event, Cornelia died too.
  2. ^ William Smith (ed.), A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography, 1851.
  3. ^ The Gallic War, Julius Caesar, The Ginn Company, 1886, pg. 16.
  4. ^ William Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870.
  5. ^ a b The Women of Caesar's Family, The Classical Journal, Volume 13, 1918, pg. 505.
  6. ^ Plutarch, Caesar, 1, 5.
  7. ^ Suetonius, Life of Julius Caesar, 1, 5, 6.
  8. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 41.

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This entry incorporates public domain text originally from:

  • William Smith (ed.), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1870.

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