Long Beach Branch


Long Beach Branch
     Long Beach Branch

Long Beach Branch train #853 departs Lynbrook, en route
to New York Penn Station.
Overview
Type Commuter rail
System Long Island Rail Road
Status Operational
Locale Nassau County, New York, USA
Termini Valley Stream
Long Beach
Stations 5
Services
  Long Beach Branch
Operation
Opened 1880 (as New York and Long Beach Railroad)
Owner Long Island Rail Road
Operator(s) Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 750V (DC) Third rail
Route map
Legend
Continuation to left Unknown BSicon "HACC" Unknown BSicon "ABZ3lg" Continuation to right
Lynbrook Babylon Branch (east) ►
Unknown BSicon "HSTACC"
Centre Avenue
Unknown BSicon "HSTACC"
East Rockaway
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Atlantic Avenue closed 1951
Unknown BSicon "HSTACC"
Oceanside
Bridge over water
Simpsons Channel
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Jekly Island closed 1922
Unknown BSicon "HSTACC"
Island Park
Bridge over water
Reynolds Channel
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Wreck Lead closed 1927
Unknown BSicon "eABZlf" Unknown BSicon "exCONTl"
Long Beach Marine Railway Company
Straight track
abandoned 1890
Unknown BSicon "eHST"
Queenswater closed 1936
Unknown BSicon "ACCe"
Long Beach

Distances shown in miles from Pennsylvania Station.

The Long Beach Branch is an electrified rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The branch begins at Valley Interlocking, at Valley Stream station, where the Atlantic Branch tracks from the west are redesignated Long Beach Branch and the Far Rockaway Branch curves south. East from there the Long Beach Branch parallels the Montauk Branch to Lynbrook, where it turns south toward Long Beach. [1][2]

Contents

History

The Long Beach Branch began as the New York and Long Beach Railroad Company from Lynbrook to Long Beach in 1880. The original southern terminus was along the Atlantic Ocean. LIRR leased and operated the NY&LB RR from 1880 to 1904, at which time the NY&LB RR merged with the LIRR. Five years later, the station was moved from the ocean front to Reynolds Channel, where it remains today.

A five mile (8 km) extension to Point Lookout, New York owned by the Long Beach Marine Railway Company existed between 1881 and 1895. When the LIRR bought the line in 1886, they continued to operate passenger trains along the line until 1890.[3]

The branch was extended westward from Lynbrook to Valley Stream in 1910 as part of its integration into the Atlantic Branch. The line was double-tracked from Valley Stream to Lynbrook in late 1910, then from East Rockaway to Wreck Lead (“WL”) on January 15, 1927. Electrification of the main tracks from Valley Stream to Long Beach was finished in September 1910. Electrification came to freight sidings between 1928 and 1930. Color light signals were installed in January, 1927.

Service

On weekdays, most Long Beach Branch trains serve Penn Station, with limited service to/from Atlantic Terminal, and run express between Jamaica and Valley Stream. On weekends, trains also stop at Locust Manor, Laurelton and Rosedale, and all trains serve Penn except for some post-midnight trains to/from Atlantic Terminal and one to Jamaica.

Stations

Station/
location
Station
link
Miles to Penn Station Connections/notes
For continuing service to Jamaica and points west, see City Terminal Zone
Jamaica-Beaver Street
Jamaica
closed 1913
Cedar Manor
South Jamaica
closed January 28, 1959
Locust Manor
Farmers Boulevard and Bedell Street, Locust Manor
[1] 14.1 Bus (New York City Bus):Q3 (to JFK Airport); Q85
Higbie Avenue
140th and Edgewood Avenues, Locust Manor
[2] closed February 2, 1960
Laurelton
225th Street and 141st Road, Laurelton
[3] 15.0 Bus (New York City Bus): Q77, Q85
Rosedale
North Conduit Avenue and 243rd Street, Rosedale
[4] 15.9 Bus (New York City Bus): Q5, Q85
Valley Stream Handicapped/disabled access
Franklin Avenue and Sunrise Highway, Valley Stream
[5] 17.6 Transfer to Far Rockaway and West Hempstead Branch trains
Bus (MTA Long Island Bus): N2
Lynbrook Handicapped/disabled access
Sunrise Highway and Peninsula Boulevard, Lynbrook
[6] 19.2 Transfer to Babylon Branch trains
Bus (MTA Long Island Bus): N25, N31, N32, N36
Centre Avenue Handicapped/disabled access
Forest Avenue between Rocklyn Avenue and Centre Avenue, East Rockaway
[7] 20.1 Originally named South Lynbrook from 1898 to 1924.
East Rockaway Handicapped/disabled access
Ocean Avenue and Davison Place, East Rockaway
[8] 20.6 Bus (MTA Long Island Bus): N36
Atlantic Avenue
East Rockaway
[9] Opened April 1898; Closed 1951
Oceanside Handicapped/disabled access
Weidner Avenue and Lawson Boulevard, Oceanside
[10] 21.1
Barnum Island Channel Bridge
Jekyl Island
Barnum Island
Originally named Barnum Island from 1901-1903, then renamed Island Park in October 1921; closed July 1922
Island Park Handicapped/disabled access
Long Beach Road and Austin Boulevard, Island Park/Barnum Island
[11] 23.6 Originally named The Dykes from 1898 to 1924.
Bus (MTA Long Island Bus): N15
Reynolds Channel Bridge
Wreck Lead
Long Beach
Opened June 1888 to serve numerous fishing clubs and hotels; Closed December 31, 1927
Queenswater
Long Beach
Originally opened in April 1898 as a signal stop named Inner Beach; Renamed "Queenswater" in May 1899; Closed June 1936
Club House
Long Beach
Originally opened in April 1898 as a signal stop on the present Market Street west of National Avenue; Closed in 1909 when Long Beach Station was relocated.
Long Beach Handicapped/disabled access
Park Place and Park Avenue, Long Beach
[12] 24.6 Bus (MTA Long Island Bus): N15, N33
Bus (City of Long Beach): Long Beach shuttles, N69

References

External videos
LIRR Time Lapse: Penn Station to Long Beach, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
LIRR Time Lapse: Long Beach to Penn Station, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
  1. ^ MTA LIRR - LIRR Map
  2. ^ LIRR Long Beach Branch Timetable
  3. ^ Bob Emery's LIRR Branch Notes (TrainsAreFun.com)

External links


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