Westminster St George's (UK Parliament constituency)


Westminster St George's (UK Parliament constituency)

UK former constituency infobox
Name = Westminster St George's
Type = Borough
Year = 1885
Abolition = 1950
members = one

Westminster St George's, originally named St George's, Hanover Square, was a parliamentary constituency in Central London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system of election.

History

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and was then named "St George's, Hanover Square" after the parish of that name. "Hanover Square" was included in the name to distinguish it from the other St George's constituency (in Tower Hamlets).

It was renamed in 1918 as "Westminster St George's", and abolished in 1950.

Boundaries

1885-1918

From 1885 to 1918, when the constituency was known as St George's Hanover Square, it was defined as being coterminus with the civil parish of the same name. [Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (1885 c. 23), Schedule 4] In 1900 the parish was included for local government purposes in the area of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster. This did not affect the name or boundaries of the constituency until 1918. [London Government Act 1899, Schedule 1]

1918-1950

The Boundary Commission report of 1918 (Cd. 8756), at Schedule-Part II no. 78, defined the constituency as the following wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster:

* Conduit: A small ward running from the top of Regent Street down through Hanover Square, the eastern side of Berkeley Square, and down to the Ritz on Piccadilly.
* Grosvenor: Covering the whole of Mayfair and the northern half of Hyde Park.
* Hamlet of Knightsbridge: The southern half of Hyde Park, together with Knightsbridge and part of the museums area north of South Kensington including the Royal Albert Hall.
* Knightsbridge St. George's: The area of Belgravia.
* Victoria: A very large ward running from Buckingham Palace south to include Victoria Station, and Pimlico.

The constituency also included "the part of the Charing Cross Ward which lies to the south and west of a line drawn from the ward boundary at the centre of Wellington Arch, along the middle of Constitution Hill, thence along the middle of the road to the north and east of the Queen Victoria Memorial, thence along the middle of Spur Road to boundary of St. Margaret Ward". This area included the remainder of the grounds of Buckingham Palace which were not in the Victoria Ward, but contained no electors. The boundary commissioners proposals were enacted by Schedule 9 of the Representation of the People Act 1918.

Members of Parliament

Elections

Elections in the 1940s

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Arthur Howard
votes = 13,086
percentage = 67.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Common Wealth
candidate = W B D Brown
votes = 5,314
percentage = 27.3
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = D Crisp
votes = 1,069
percentage = 5.5
change =
Election box majority
votes = 7,772
percentage = 39.9
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 19,469
percentage = 57.2
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Elections in the 1930s

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Duff Cooper
votes = 25,424
percentage = 84.6
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = A Freemantle
votes = 4,643
percentage = 15.4
change =
Election box majority
votes = 20,781
percentage = 69.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 30,067
percentage = 55.2
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

;General election of 1931In the 1931 UK general election, Duff Cooper, Conservative was elected unopposed.

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Duff Cooper
votes = 17,242
percentage = 59.9
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent Conservative
candidate = E W Petter
votes = 11,532
percentage = 40.1
change =
Election box majority
votes = 5,710
percentage = 19.8
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 28,774
percentage = 53.1
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Elections in the 1920s

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Sir Laming Worthington-Evans, Bt.
votes = 22,448
percentage = 78.1
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = J G Butler
votes = 6,294
percentage = 21.9
change =
Election box majority
votes = 16,154
percentage = 56.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 28,742
percentage = 53.3
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

;General election of 1924In the 1924 UK general election, James Erskine, Conservative was elected unopposed.

;General election of 1923In the 1923 UK general election, James Erskine, Conservative was elected unopposed.

Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent Conservative
candidate = James Erskine
votes = 11,252
percentage = 55.9
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Leslie Orme Wilson
votes = 7,559
percentage = 37.6
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = M S Allen
votes = 1,303
percentage = 6.5
change =
Election box majority
votes = 3,693
percentage = 18.3
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 20,114
percentage = 62.2
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Independent Conservative
swing =

Election box candidate with party link
party = Anti-Waste League
candidate = James Erskine
votes = 7,244
percentage = 57.5
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Coalition Conservative
candidate = H. M. Jessel
votes = 5,356
percentage = 42.5
change = -47.7
Election box majority
votes = 1,888
percentage = 15.0
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 12,600
percentage = 39.8
change =
Election box gain with party link
winner = Anti-Waste League
loser = Coalition Conservative
swing = "N/A"

Elections in the 1910s

Election box candidate with party link
party = Coalition Conservative
candidate = Walter Long
votes = 10,453
percentage = 90.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = H T M Bell
votes = 1,140
percentage = 9.8
change =
Election box majority
votes = 9,313
percentage = 80.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 11,593
percentage = 39.9
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Coalition Conservative
swing =

;By-election of 1918In the 1918 by-election, Sir Newton Moore, Conservative was elected unopposed.

;By-election of 1916In the 1916 by-election, Sir George Reid, Conservative was elected unopposed.

;By-election of 1913In the 1913 by-election, Sir Alexander Henderson, Conservative was elected unopposed.

Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Unionist
candidate = Alfred Lyttelton
votes = 4,398
percentage = 78.7
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = H T M Bell
votes = 1,188
percentage = 21.3
change =
Election box majority
votes = 3,210
percentage = 57.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 5,586
percentage = 62.4
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Unionist
swing =

Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Unionist
candidate = Alfred Lyttelton
votes = 5,383
percentage = 78.6
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = H T M Bell
votes = 1,469
percentage = 21.4
change =
Election box majority
votes = 3,914
percentage = 57.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 6,852
percentage = 76.5
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Unionist
swing =

Elections in the 1900s

;By-election of 1906In the 1906 by-election, Alfred Lyttelton, Liberal Unionist was elected unopposed.

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Heneage Legge
votes = 4,264
percentage = 66.1
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = M C Mallik
votes = 2,191
percentage = 33.9
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,073
percentage = 32.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 6,455
percentage = 69.0
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Heneage Legge
votes = 3,852
percentage = 75.1
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = W Everitt
votes = 1,278
percentage = 24.9
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,574
percentage = 50.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 5,130
percentage = 52.6
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Elections in the 1890s

;General election of 1895In the 1895 UK general election, George Goschen, Conservative was elected unopposed.

;By-election of 1895In the 1895 by-election, George Goschen, Conservative was elected unopposed.

;General election of 1892In the 1892 UK general election, George Goschen, Liberal Unionist was elected unopposed.

Elections in the 1880s

Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Unionist
candidate = George Goschen
votes = 5,702
percentage = 78.7
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = J Haysman
votes = 1,545
percentage = 21.3
change =
Election box majority
votes = 4,157
percentage = 57.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 7,247
percentage = 65.4
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Liberal Unionist
swing =

;General election of 1886In the 1886 UK general election, Lord Algernon Percy, Conservative was elected unopposed.

Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Lord Algernon Percy
votes = 5,256
percentage = 67.7
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = Sir W G F Phillimore
votes = 2,503
percentage = 32.3
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,753
percentage = 35.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 7,759
percentage = 73.9
change =

References

*Rayment
*F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1885 - 1918"
*F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918 - 1949"


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