George of Saxony


George of Saxony

Infobox Saxon Royalty
name = George
full name = Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus
title = King of Saxony



imgw = 180px
reign =19 June 1902–15 October 1904
caption =Portrait by Franz Kops (1895)
predecessor =Albert
successor =Frederick Augustus III
succession = King of Saxony
heir =
spouse =Maria Anna of Portugal
issue = Princess Maria Johanna
Princess Elisabeth
Princess Mathilde
Frederick Augustus
Princess Maria Josepha
Prince Johann Georg
Prince Maximilian
Prince Albert
royal house =House of Wettin
royal anthem =
father =John of Saxony
mother =Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
date of birth =birth date|1832|8|23|mf=y
place of birth = Dresden
date of death =death date and age|1904|10|15|1832|8|23|mf=y
place of death = Pillnitz
place of burial =Katholische Hofkirche|

George ( _de. Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus; 8 August 1832 – 15 October 1904) was a King of Saxony of the House of Wettin.

Life

George was born in the Saxon capital Dresden. He was the second son of King John of Saxony (1801-1873) and his wife Princess Amelia of Bavaria (1801-1877), daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria (1756-1825).

On 11 May 1859 at Belém Palace, Lisbon, George married the Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal (1843-1884), the eldest surviving daughter of Queen Maria II of Portugal (1819-1853) and her consort, King Ferdinand II (1816-1885). Ferdinand was born as the Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Kohary, and as such was a Catholic Saxon kinsman of George.

George served under his brother Albert's command during the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 and in the Franco-German War. In the re-organisation of the army which accompanied the march towards Paris, his brother the Crown Prince gained a separate command over the 4th army (Army of the Meuse) consisting of the Saxon XII corps, the Prussian Guard corps, and the IV (Prussian Saxony) corps and George succeeded him in command of the XII corps.

Prince George was a Generalfeldmarschall before his ascension. It gradually became clear that George's older brother Albert I (1828-1902) and his wife Queen Carola (1833-1907) would not have any children, thereby making George the heir presumptive to the throne. He succeeded Albert I as King of Saxony on June 19, 1902, albeit for just a brief two-year reign. He died in Pillnitz and was succeeded by his eldest son Frederick Augustus III (1865-1932), who was deposed in 1918.

Children

Ancestors

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1= 1. George of Saxony
2= 2. John of Saxony
3= 3. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
4= 4. Prince Maximilian of Saxony
5= 5. Princess Caroline of Parma
6= 6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
7= 7. Caroline of Baden
8= 8. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
9= 9. Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria
10= 10. Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
11= 11. Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria
12= 12. Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
13= 13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
14= 14. Margrave Charles Louis of Baden
15= 15. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
16= 16. Augustus III of Poland
17= 17. Maria Josepha of Austria
18= 18. Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
19= 19. Maria Amalia of Austria
20= 20. Philip, Duke of Parma
21= 21. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France
22= 22. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
23= 23. Maria Theresa of Austria
24= 24. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
25= 25. Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
26= 26. Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
27= 27. Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg
28= 28. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
29= 29. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
30= 30. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
31= 31. Countess Palatine Henriette Karoline of Zweibrücken

s-ttl|title=King of Saxony
years=1902-1904

ee also

*Rulers of Saxony


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