- Virginia Randolph
Virginia Estelle Randolph (
August 6, 1874- March 16, 1958) was an African American educatorin Henrico County, Virginia. During her 57-year career, she became recognized world-wide as a pioneering educator, humanitarian and leader in the field of public schooleducation. [http://www.varfoundation.org/index.html The Virginia Randolph Foundation, Inc ] ] She was named the the United State's first "Jeanes Supervising Industrial Teacher" by her Superintendent of Schools, Jackson T. Davis[http://www.co.henrico.va.us/manager/History/randolph.html Henrico County Manager's Office ] ] , and she led a program funded by the Jeanes Foundationto upgrade vocational training throughout the U.S. South as her career progressed. Her work is widely associated with vocational education.. Two schools of the Henrico County Public Schoolssystem were named in her honor.
She was born on June 8, 1874, in
Richmond, Virginia. Born only nine years after the end of the American Civil War(1861-1865) and Emancipation for the slaves in her community, Virginia Randolph was the third child of former slaves Sarah Elizabeth Carter Randolph and Edward Nelson Randolph. At the age of 16, she graduated from Richmond Normal School (now Armstrong High School) in Richmond, Virginia. [http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/2011/Virginia_E_Randoplh_a_teaching_pioneer African American Registry: Virginia E. Randoplh, a teaching pioneer! ] ]
Career in public education
Miss Randolph began her career as a school teacher. After a short teaching experience in Goochland County, she secured a teaching position with the Henrico County School Board. She opened the Mountain Road School in the north central part of the county in 1892. As a teacher there, Randolph taught her students woodworking, sewing, cooking, and gardening, as well as academics. [http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0887003.html]
In 1908, Henrico County Superintendent of Schools
Jackson T. Davisnamed her to become the United State's first "Jeanes Supervising Industrial Teacher." [http://www.co.henrico.va.us/manager/History/randolph.html Henrico County Manager's Office ] ] Anna T. Jeanes, a wealthy Philadelphia Quaker, had set aside $1 million to establish a fund to maintain and assist rural schools for African Americans in the South. Among its projects, the Jeanes Foundationprovided funds to employ black "supervisors" dedicated to upgrading vocational training programs for black students. [ [http://www.southerneducation.org/1896_3.htm Anna T. Jeanes and the Jeanes Fund ] ] African-American supervisors of teachers in the rural south from 1908 to 1968, Jeanes teachers (formally called Jeanes supervising industrial teachers) worked toward improving the communities of schools.
As the overseer of twenty three elementary schools in
Henrico County, Virginia Randolph developed the first in-service training program for black teachers and worked on improving the curriculum of the schools. With the freedom to design her own agenda, she shaped industrial work and community self-help programs to meet specific needs of schools. She chronicled her progress by becoming the author of the " Henrico Plan" which became a reference book for southern schools receiving assistance from the Jeanes Foundation, which became known as the Negro Rural School Fund. [ [http://www.legacymuseum.org/Struggle/Philanthropy/Jeanes.htm Legacy Museum - Struggle - Philanthropy ] ] Randolph's teaching techniques and philosophy were later adopted in Great Britain's African colonies. On March 30, 1908, following a proclamation by Virginia Governor Claude A. Swanson, Miss Randolph founded the first Arbor DayProgram in Virginia. She and her students planted twelve Sycamore trees. Some of the trees remain standing as living monuments, but over the years, some of the trees were lost to disease. In 1976, the remaining ones were named the first notable trees in Virginia by the National Park Service.
In 1915, Miss Randolph opened the Virginia Randolph Training School and later expanded the facility to include dormitories for future teachers. It was later renamed to Virginia Randolph Education Center.
Miss Randolph was appointed to the Industrial School Board of Colored Children after the death of another noted Richmonder,
Maggie L. Walker. She also served for many years on the Inter-Racial and Health Board for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
After a 57-year career with Henrico County Public Schools, Miss Randolph retired in 1949. A foundation to honor her and award scholarships was formed in 1954. She died in Richmond on March 16, 1958, at the age of 84.
*The Virginia Randolph Home Economics Cottage was made into a museum in memory of Randolph in 1970. The Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission designated the museum a State Historic Landmark. In 1976 the museum was named a
National Historic Landmarkby the United States Department of Interior, National Park Service.cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1500&ResourceType=Building
title=Virginia Randolph Cottage |accessdate=2008-04-21|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service] citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/74002126.pdf National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Virginia E. Randolph Museum - Virginia Cardwell Cottage / Home Economics Cottage] |32 KB|date=July 31, 1974 |author=James Sheire |publisher=National Park Service and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/74002126.pdf "Accompanying one photo, undated (plus an unrelated photo of Poe Shrine, "oldest house" in Richmond, Virginia)"] |32 KB] Randolph reportedly had an office in the building. Her gravesite is on the grounds. Randolph is interred on the museum grounds.
Virginia Randolph Community High Schoolin Glen Allen, Virginiais named in her honor. [ [http://www.henrico.k12.va.us/hs/varandhs/ VA Randolph Community High School ] ]
* [http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0887003.html Virginia Randolph]
* [http://www.co.henrico.va.us/manager/randolph.htm Henrico County Board of Supervisors and County Manager's Office]
* [http://www.henrico.k12.va.us/hs/varandhs/ Virginia Randolph Community High School]
* [http://www.aaregistry.com/african_american_history/2011/Virginia_E_Randolph_teaching_pioneer The African American Registry]
* [http://www.varfoundation.org/index.html Virginia Randolph Foundation website]
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