- German submarine U-2322
March 22, 1944
April 30, 1944
July 1, 1944
Deutsche Werft, Hamburg
assigned unit=Assigned Unit
assigned unit=4th FlotillaU-Boat Patrol
assigned unit=32nd FlotillaU-Boat Patrol
February 6, 1945
March 3, 1945
assigned unit=11th FlotillaU-Boat Patrol
April 4, 1945
April 30, 1945
assigned unit=11th FlotillaU_Boat Command
name=Kptlt. Fridtjof Heckel
type=Type of Ship Sunk
total=Number of Ships Sunk
tonnage=Gross Registered Tonnage
Unterseeboot 2322, or more commonly U-2322 was a highly advanced
German Type XXIII submarinebuilt for the Kriegsmarinein 1944. "U-2322" was one of just a few such boats to undertake an operational patrol, and one of just three to undergo two. During these patrols, she succeeded in sinking a single British freighter, one of just five ships sunk by this submarine class.
"U-2321" was built at
Hamburgin just four months, being ready by July 1944. As a prototype of a new class of boats, she was not ready for active service until 1945, as there were numerous engineering difficulties to contend with and the crew had to be trained to manage the new boat and new operational tactics practised and decided on. When she was finally ready for a war patrol in February 1945, it was more as an experiment into the abilities of the boat than a real attempt to damage allied shipping.
Hortenin Norwayon the 6 February, "U-2322" proceeded to the East coast of Scotland, particularly in the area of St Abbs Head, where lone coastal shipping sometimes passed, believing that German U-boats would not bother waiting in such a dangerous spot for such insignificant prey. This plan finally worked on the 25 February, when the 1,300 ton coastal cruiser SS "Egholm" was sunk by a torpedo [ [http://uboat.net/allies/merchants/3456.html uboat.net - Allied Ships hit by U-boats - Egholm (Steam merchant) ] ] . This first and only success for "U-2322" was achieved in the dark off Holy Island. The rest of this patrol was unsuccessful.
The second patrol, off
East Angliain April was totally fruitless, powerful allied escorts and well-organised convoys effectively cutting off the small U-boats from their potential targets. The only advantage gained in these patrols was that no XXIII type boat was lost in the North Sea, all losses coming in German waters from indirect sources like accident, bombing raids and naval mines.
When Germany surrendered, "U-2322" was at
Stavangerin Norway, from where it sailed to Loch Ryanin Scotland for disposal in Operation Deadlight. Towed out to sea on the 27 November, the unmaintained and rusting boat was destroyed as a naval gunnery target.
* Sharpe, Peter, "U-Boat Fact File", Midland Publishing, Great Britain: 1998. ISBN 1-85780-072-9.
* [http://www.uboat.net/boats/u2322.htm U-boat.net webpage for "U-2322"]
List of U-boats
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