Hellenic calendars


Hellenic calendars

The Hellenic calendar—or more properly, the Hellenic calendars, for there was no uniform calendar imposed upon all of Classical Greece—began in most Greek states between Autumn and Winter except the Attic calendar,which began in June.The Greeks, as early as the time of Homer, ap­pear to have been perfectly familiar with the divi­sion of the year into the twelve lunar months but no intercalary month "Embolimos" or day is then mentioned. Independent of the division of a month into days, it was divided into periods according to the increase, and decrease of the moon. Thus, the first day or new moon was called "Noumenia".The month in which the year began, as well as the names of the months, differed among the states, and in some parts even no names existed for the months,as they were dis­tinguished only numerically, as the first, second, third, fourth month, &c. In order, therefore, to acquire any satisfactory knowledge of the Greek calendar, the local calendars should be studied separately.

Calendars by region


=Attic=

"See Attic calendar"

*Hekatombaion (~ 15 June)
*Metageitnion
*Boedromion
*Pyanepsion
*Maimakterion
*Poseideon
*Gamelion
*Anthesterion
*Elaphebolion
*Mounichion
*Thargelion
*Skirophorion

Boeotian

*Bucatios - polytonic|Βουκάτιος (~ 23 December)
*Hermaios - polytonic|Ἑρμαίος
*Prostaterios - polytonic|Προστατήριος
*Agrionios - polytonic|Ἀγριώνιος
*Theilouthios - polytonic|Θειλούθιος
*-
*Homoloios - polytonic|Ὁμολώιος
*Hippodromios - polytonic|Ἱπποδρόμιος
*Panamos - polytonic|Πάναμος
*Pamboiotios - polytonic|Παμβοιώτιος
*Damatrios - polytonic|Δαμάτριος
*Alalcomenios - polytonic|Ἀλαλκομένιος

Cretan

*Thesmophorion (~ 23 September)
*Hermaios -
*Eiman
*Matarchios
*Agyios
*Dioscouros
*Theodosios
*Pontos
*Rhabinthios
*Hyperberetos
*Necysios
*Basilios

Delphic

*Bucatios (~September)
*Heraios
*Apellaios
*-
*Dadaphorios
*Poitropios
*Bysios
*Artemisios
*Heracleios
*Boathoos
*Ilaios
*Theoxenios


=Epirotic=

"only alphabetically"
*Agrianios
*Apellaios
*Gamilios
*Haliotropios
*Kraneios
*Panamos
*Phoinikaios
*Psydros


=Laconian=

*Herasios (~October)
*Apellaios
*Diosthyos
*-
*Eleusinios
*Gerastios
*Artemisios
*Delphinios
*Phliastos
*Hecatombeus
*Carneios
*Panamos


=Macedonian=

"See Macedonian calendar"

*Dios (~October)
*Apellaios
*Audynaios
*Peritios
*Dystros
*Xanthikos
*Artemisios
*Daisios
*Panamos
*Loios
*Gorpiaios
*Hyperberetaios

Rhodian

"on the Rhodian calendar" [Origines kalendarlae hellenicae [http://books.google.com/books?id=jp8NAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA179&dq=Rhodian+calendar+months#PPA179,M1] by Edward Greswell]
*Agrianios (~ 7 January)
*Badromios
*Theudasios
*Dalios
*Artamitios
*Panamos and Panamos embolimos
*Pedageitnyos
*Hyacynthios
*Carneios
*Thesmophorios
*Sminthios
*Diosthyos


=Sicilian=

*Thesmophorios (~October)
*Dalios
*-
*Agrianios
*-
*Theudasios
*Artamitios
*-
*Badromios
*Hyacinthios
*Carneios
*Panamos

References

* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra/0229.html Greek Calendarium] Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
* [http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Measurements2.htm Time Measurements] http://www.mlahanas.de/


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mesoamerican calendars — Stelae 12 and 13 from Monte Alban, provisionally dated to 500 400 BCE, showing what is thought to be one of the earliest calendric representations in Mesoamerica.[1] Mesoamerican calendars are the calendrical systems devised and used by the pre… …   Wikipedia

  • List of calendars — In current use*Assyrian calendar *Astronomical year numbering *Bahá í calendar *Bengali calendar *Berber calendar *Buddhist calendar *Chinese calendar *Coptic calendar *Ethiopian calendar *Fiscal year varies with different countries. Used in… …   Wikipedia

  • Conversion between Julian and Gregorian calendars — The tables below list equivalent dates in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Years are given in astronomical year numbering. Contents 1 Conventions 2 Conversion table 3 Using the tables …   Wikipedia

  • Attic calendar — The Attic calendar is a hellenic calendar that was in use in ancient Attica, the ancestral territory of the Athenian polis. This article focuses on the 5th and 4th centuries BC, the classical period that produced some of the most significant… …   Wikipedia

  • Month — For the Egyptian hawk god, see Monthu. A month is a unit of time, used with calendars, which was first used and invented in Mesopotamia, as a natural period related to the motion of the Moon; month and Moon are cognates. The traditional concept… …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient Macedonian language — For the unrelated modern Slavic language, see Macedonian language. language name=Ancient Macedonian region=Macedon ( extinct language ) extinct=absorbed by Attic Greek in the 4th century BC familycolor=Indo European fam2= possibly Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • Древнемакедонский язык — Страны: Древняя Македония Вымер: к III ве …   Википедия

  • Religion in ancient Rome — Ancient Roman religion Marcus Aurelius (head covered) sacrificing at the Temple of Jupiter …   Wikipedia

  • Antikythera mechanism — The Antikythera mechanism (main fragment) The Antikythera mechanism (  / …   Wikipedia

  • Zoroastrian calendar — The Zoroastrian calendar is a religious calendar used by members of the Zoroastrian faith, and it is an approximation of the (tropical) solar calendar. To this day, Zoroastrians, irrespective of geographic location, adhere to (variations of) this …   Wikipedia