Hellenic calendars

Hellenic calendars

The Hellenic calendar—or more properly, the Hellenic calendars, for there was no uniform calendar imposed upon all of Classical Greece—began in most Greek states between Autumn and Winter except the Attic calendar,which began in June.The Greeks, as early as the time of Homer, ap­pear to have been perfectly familiar with the divi­sion of the year into the twelve lunar months but no intercalary month "Embolimos" or day is then mentioned. Independent of the division of a month into days, it was divided into periods according to the increase, and decrease of the moon. Thus, the first day or new moon was called "Noumenia".The month in which the year began, as well as the names of the months, differed among the states, and in some parts even no names existed for the months,as they were dis­tinguished only numerically, as the first, second, third, fourth month, &c. In order, therefore, to acquire any satisfactory knowledge of the Greek calendar, the local calendars should be studied separately.

Calendars by region


"See Attic calendar"

*Hekatombaion (~ 15 June)


*Bucatios - polytonic|Βουκάτιος (~ 23 December)
*Hermaios - polytonic|Ἑρμαίος
*Prostaterios - polytonic|Προστατήριος
*Agrionios - polytonic|Ἀγριώνιος
*Theilouthios - polytonic|Θειλούθιος
*Homoloios - polytonic|Ὁμολώιος
*Hippodromios - polytonic|Ἱπποδρόμιος
*Panamos - polytonic|Πάναμος
*Pamboiotios - polytonic|Παμβοιώτιος
*Damatrios - polytonic|Δαμάτριος
*Alalcomenios - polytonic|Ἀλαλκομένιος


*Thesmophorion (~ 23 September)
*Hermaios -


*Bucatios (~September)


"only alphabetically"


*Herasios (~October)


"See Macedonian calendar"

*Dios (~October)


"on the Rhodian calendar" [Origines kalendarlae hellenicae [http://books.google.com/books?id=jp8NAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA179&dq=Rhodian+calendar+months#PPA179,M1] by Edward Greswell]
*Agrianios (~ 7 January)
*Panamos and Panamos embolimos


*Thesmophorios (~October)


* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-dgra/0229.html Greek Calendarium] Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities
* [http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Measurements2.htm Time Measurements] http://www.mlahanas.de/

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