- Proving ground
A proving ground is the US name for a military installation or reservation where weapons or other military technology are experimented or tested, or where military tactics are tested. The usual British term is training area.
While these types of facilities are generally referred to as military or government establishments, there are examples of civilian industry that have their own proving grounds to test their prototypes and new technologies.
Military and Government
- CFB Suffield, Alberta (2690 km²) - training base for Canadian Forces and British Army
- Land Force Central Area Training Centre Meaford, Ontario (68km²) - tank training area
- Canadian Forces Base Wainwright, Alberta - home to Land Force Western Area Training Centre (LFWATC) and the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre (CMTC)
- Land Force Atlantic Area Training Centre Aldershot, Nova Scotia (1,136 ha)
In the United States, there are several military facilities that are designated as Proving Grounds.
- Aberdeen Proving Ground is a United States Army facility located at Aberdeen, Maryland, and is the Army's oldest active proving ground, established on October 20, 1917, six months after the United States entered World War I. It was created so that design and testing of ordnance materiel could be carried out in proximity to the nation's industrial and shipping centers at the time.
- Dugway Proving Ground in an active facility operated by the United States Army Test and Evaluation Command in the Great Salt Lake Desert of Utah. Dugway's mission is to test U.S. and Allied biological and chemical weapon defense systems.
- Fort Belvoir Proving ground.
- Pacific Proving Ground is an inactive U.S. Department of Energy area in the Marshall Islands that were established by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in 1946 for detonation of nuclear devices for testing weapon design and effects. It mainly consists of Bikini Atoll, Enewetak Atoll & the surrounding area. Deactivated in 1963
- Jefferson Proving Ground located in Madison, Indiana, was principally a munitions testing facility of Test and Evaluation Command of the United States Army Materiel Development and Readiness Command. The facility was ordered closed in 1989 as part of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process.
- Sandy Hook Proving Ground, at Sandy Hook, New Jersey was the nation's first such facility. It was created in 1874 and was used as a proving ground until 1919.
- Yuma Proving Ground is a United States Army facility situated in southwestern La Paz County and western Yuma County in southwestern Arizona, U.S., approximately 30 miles (48 km) north-east of the city of Yuma. The proving ground is used for testing military equipment and encompasses 1,307.8 square miles (3,387.2 km²) in the Sonoran Desert.
- Finland - The Artillery Brigade in Niinisalo, currently houses the Finnish ordnance R&D center (established 1921).
- Bergen-Hohne Training Area, Lower Saxony (284 km²), NATO facility, largest training area in Germany.
- Hammelburg, Bavaria (40 km²). Hammelburg features a complete artificial village for training purposes of the German Army
- Hohenfels, Bavaria (160 km²) Hohenfels Training Area
- Grafenwöhr, Bavaria (229 km²) a US facility
- Munster Training Area, Lower Saxony.
- Drawsko Pomorskie (340 km²) belongs to Polish Army and Air Force (since 1946), since 1996 also used by NATO. This facility is internationally known as DPTA - Drawsko Pomorskie Training Area. It is also an important site of archeological excavations.
- Alcochete (75 km²) - artillery and air bombing range. Stablished in 1904, it belonged to the Portuguese Army until 1993 and since them, belongs to the Portuguese Air Force. It is the biggest closed military installation in Europe. It was chosen, in 2008, to be the site of the future New Lisbon International Airport.
- Salisbury Plain Training Area, United Kingdom (380 km²)
- United Kingdom - Stanford Battle Area, Norfolk (120 km²)
Russia/former Soviet Union
- Kapustin Yar - aerial weapons/rocket test range, North Caucasus Military District
- Totskoye range nuclear tests - test range in the Urals where nuclear tests were carried out 1954
- YakutiaChallenge - winter test proving ground in Yakutia, Eastern Siberia
- Chrysler Corporation - See Chrysler Proving Grounds
- Ford Motor Company - See Ford Proving Grounds
- General Motors Corporation - See General Motors Proving Grounds
- Mazda Motors Corporation - See Mazda Proving Grounds
- Nissan Motors - See Nissan Proving Grounds
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Look at other dictionaries:
proving ground — n 1.) a place or situation in which something new is tried or tested proving ground for ▪ High crime areas are proving grounds for new police officers. 2.) technical an area for scientific testing, especially of vehicles … Dictionary of contemporary English
proving ground — proving grounds N COUNT If you describe a place as a proving ground, you mean that new things or ideas are tried out or tested there. New York is a proving ground today for the Democratic presidential candidates … English dictionary
proving ground — ► NOUN ▪ an area or situation in which a person or thing is tested or proved … English terms dictionary
proving ground — n. a place for testing new equipment, new theories, etc … English World dictionary
proving ground — noun a workplace for testing new equipment or ideas (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑workplace, ↑work * * * noun, pl ⋯ grounds [count] 1 : a place where things or people are tested or tried out for the first time often + for The local racetrack became a… … Useful english dictionary
proving ground — UK [ˈpruːvɪŋ ˌɡraʊnd] / US [ˈpruvɪŋ ˌɡraʊnd] noun [countable] Word forms proving ground : singular proving ground plural proving grounds 1) a place or situation that tests someone or something new 2) a place for doing scientific tests, especially … English dictionary
proving ground — bandymo aikštelė statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Teritorija su įrenginiais ir bandymo priemonėmis, kurioje sudarytos bandomojo objekto tariamos eksploatavimo sąlygos. atitikmenys: angl. proof ground; proving ground vok … Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas
proving ground — poligonas statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Sausumos ar jūros ruožas, įrengtas artilerijai šaudyti, kovinėms ir techninėms kariuomenės ir laivyno priemonėms bandyti. Poligonas pagal paskirtį būna – mokomasis, gamyklinis, mokslinis bandomasis;… … Artilerijos terminų žodynas
proving ground — any place, context, or area for testing something, as a piece of scientific equipment, a theory, etc. [1940 45] * * * ▪ testing area used for testing devices and equipment, usually, though not always, military. Testing, in general, has for… … Universalium
proving ground — noun (C) 1 a place or situation in which something new is tried out or tested: High crime areas make ideal proving grounds for new officers. 2 an area for scientific testing, especially of vehicles … Longman dictionary of contemporary English