- Chimney Rock Archeological Site
Chimney Rock Archeological SiteChimney Rock
- This is an article about Chimney Rock Archaeological Site in Colorado. For the Chimney Rock in Nebraska, see Chimney Rock National Historic Site
Location: Archuleta County, Colorado Nearest city: Chimney Rock, Colorado Coordinates: Coordinates: Governing body: United States Forest Service NRHP Reference#: 70000153  Added to NRHP: August 25, 1970
Chimney Rock Archaeological Area is an archeological site within the San Juan National Forest in Colorado. This area is located in Archuleta County, Colorado between Durango and Pagosa Springs and is managed for archaeological protection, public interpretation, and education.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970, the site was home to the ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians 1,000 years ago and is of great spiritual significance to these tribes. Their ancestors built over 200 homes and ceremonial buildings high above the valley floor, probably to be near the sacred twin rock pinnacles. Of the hundreds of individual sites dotting the landscape, researchers have thus far found 91 structures that may have been permanent structures, plus 27 work camps near farming areas, adding up to more than 200 individual rooms. Housing approximately 2,000 ancient Pueblo Indians between A.D. 925 and 1125, the settlement included a Great House with round ceremonial rooms, known as kivas, and 36 ground-floor rooms.
National Forest Service
Its care, protection, and preservation are shared by the Pagosa Ranger District, United States Forest Service and the public, who contribute through tour fees, donations, and purchase of items from the Chimney Rock Visitor's Center. The Chimney Rock Interpretive Program, managed and staffed by the National Forest Service and volunteers of the Chimney Rock Interpretive Association, conducts daily guided walking tours and operates the Visitor Center during in-season, May 15 to September 30.
- List of prehistoric sites in Colorado
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