Govinda


Govinda

IAST|Govinda and IAST|Gopāla are names of Krishna, referring to his youthful occupation as a cowherd.

Both names translate to "cowherd". Sanskrit "go" means "cow"; "pāla" and "vinda" form tatpurusha compounds, literally translating to "finder of cows" and "protector of cows", respectively.

The story of how Krishna was given the name Govinda is described in detail in the Vishnu Purana. After lifting Govardhan hill to protect the villagers and cows of Vrindavan, the lord of devas Indra awarded him the title.

A famous prayer called the Bhaja Govindam was composed by Adi Sankara, a summary of which is; "If one just worships Govinda, one can easily cross this great ocean of birth and death." This refers to the belief that worshipful adoration of Krishna can lead believers out of the cycle of reincarnation, or "samsara", and into an eternal blissful life in Vaikuntha, 'beyond this material world' where Govinda resides.

"Govinda" is a name of Krishna and also appears as the 187th and 539th names in the Vishnu Sahasranama.

According to Adi Sankara's commentary on the Vishnu Sahasranama, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Govinda has three meanings:Fact|date=May 2008
#The sages call Krishna "Govinda" as He pervades all the worlds, giving them power.
#The "Shanti Parva" of the Mahabharata states that Vishnu restored the earth that had sunk into the netherword, or "Patala", so all the devas praised Him as Govinda (Protector of the Land).
#Alternatively, it means "He who is known by Vedic words alone". Adi Sankara's Bhaja Govindam prayer expresses the value of inner devotion to Krishna.

In the Harivamsa, Indra praised Krishna for having attained loving leadership of the cows which Krishna tended as a cowherd, by saying, "So men too shall praise Him as Govinda."

According to Klaus Klostermaier, Krishna Gopijanavallabha, Krishna the lover of the Gopis, is the latest stage in the historical process resulting in contemporary Krishnaism, being added to the worship of Bala Krishna (the Divine Child Krishna), and the original cult of Krishna-Vasudeva which may date back to several centuries before the Common Era.cite book
author = KLOSTERMAIER, Klaus K.
pages = p.206
year = 2005
title = A Survey of Hinduism
publisher = State University of New York Press; 3 edition
isbn = 0791470814
quote = Present day Krishna worship is an amalgam of various elements. According to historical testimonies Krishna-Vasudeva worship already flourished in and around Mathura several centuries before Christ. A second important element is the cult of Krishna Govinda. Still later is the worship of Bala-Krishna, the Divine Child Krishna - a quite prominent feature of modern Krishnaism. The last element seems to have been Krishna Gopijanavallabha, Krishna the lover of the Gopis, among whom Radha occupies a special position. In some books Krishna is presented as the founder and first teacher of the Bhagavata religion.
]

References

*"Sri Vishnu Sahasranama", commentary by Sri Sankaracharya, translated by Swami Tapasyananda (Ramakrishna Math Publications, Chennai).

*cite web
url=http://www.jstor.org/pss/1062622
title=A Revolution in IAST|Kṛṣṇaism: The Cult of Gopāla: History of Religions, Vol. 25, No. 4 (May, 1986), pp. 296-317
publisher=www.jstor.org
accessdate=2008-05-24
last=Hein
first=Norvin

ee also

External links

* [http://www.krishna.com/node/118 Who is Govinda (Krishna)?]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwNe-2n8baY Sacred Hindi verses describing Govinda]


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  • Govinda — Góvinda es otro nombre del dios hindú Krisná. Radha y Góvinda charlando, mientras una gopi los atiende. En letra devánagarí se escribe गोविन्द. Significa ‘el que da placer a las vacas’. En idioma sánscrito, go se refiere a las vacas (o también a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Govinda — (Sanskrit: गोविन्‍द; Go für Kuh , Land oder die Sinne , vinda für Beschützer ) steht für: Govinda, ein anderer Name für die Hindu Gottheit Krishna Govinda, vegetarische Restaurants der ISKCON (Internationale Gesellschaft für Krishna Bewusstsein)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Govinda II — (774 780) C.E. was king of the Rashtrakuta dynasty after Krishna I. The eldest son of Krishna I, Govinda II left the administration to his younger brother Dhruva Dharavarsha, also known as Nirupama. Apart from his invasion of Vengi and the defeat …   Wikipedia

  • Govinda IV — (930 935) C.E. was the younger brother of Amoghavarsha II who became the Rashtrakuta king in 930 as described in the Kalasa record of Chikmagalur. He was a very unpopular ruler who indulged in licentious acts.Reu (1933), p81] Control over Kannauj …   Wikipedia

  • Govinda — (ind. Myth.), so v.w. Gowinda …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Govinda — О песне группы Kula Shaker см. Govinda (песня Kula Shaker). У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Говинда (значения). «Govinda» Сингл Radha Krishna Temple Сторона «Б» Govinda Jai Jai Выпущен …   Википедия

  • Govinda — Govind, Govinda indischer Name, Bedeutung: Kuhhirte. Beiname des hinduistischen Gottes Krishna …   Deutsch namen

  • Govinda — noun a) A name for the Hindu god Krishna. b) used in India; also transliterated as Govind …   Wiktionary

  • Govinda — name a name for Kṛṣṇa; one who pleases the gopīs, gopas, cows, senses, the earth, and Govardhana Hill …   The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia

  • Govinda III — (793 814) C.E. was a famous Rashtrakuta king who succeeded his illustrious father Dhruva Dharavarsha. He was militarily the most successful King of the dynasty with successful conquests from Cape Comorin in the south to Kannauj in the north, from …   Wikipedia


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