- Health physics
Health physics is a field of science concerned with radiation physics and radiation biology with the goal of informing the safe use of ionizing radiation. [ [http://hps.org/aboutthesociety/historyandmission/mission.html Mission Statement ] ] Health physicists principally work at facilities where
radionuclides or ionizing radiationare used or produced such as medical institutions, government laboratories, nuclear power plants, regulatory agencies and manufacturers. There are many sub-specialites in the field of health physics [ [http://hps.org/publicinformation/hpcareers.html Careers in Health Physics ] ] , including
- Nuclear instrumentation and measurements
Internal dosimetryand external dosimetry Radioactive wastemanagement Radioactive contamination
engineering(shielding, holdup, etc)
- Environmental assessment
radiation protection Particle acceleratorphysics
- Radiological emergency response - (e.g.,
Nuclear Emergency Support Team)
The field of
medical physicsis similar to that of health physics since practitioners rely on the same fundamental science (i.e., radiation physics, biology, etc). Health physicists, however, focus on the evaluation and protection of human health from radiation, whereas medical physicists use radiation and other physics-based technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. [ [http://www.aapm.org/medical_physicist/default.asp AAPM - The Medical Physicist ] ]
History of the term "Health Physics"According to Paul Frame [ [http://www.hps.org/publicinformation/ate/q2561.html Origin of "health physics" ] ] :
"The term Health Physics is believed to have originated in the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago in 1942, but the exact origin is unknown. The term was possibly coined by Robert Stone or
Arthur Compton, since Stone was the head of the Health Division and Arthur Compton was the head of the Metallurgical Laboratory. The first task of the Health Physics Section was to design shielding for reactor CP-1 that Enrico Fermiwas constructing, so the original HPs were mostly physicists trying to solve health-related problems. The explanation given by Robert Stone was that '...the term Health Physics has been used on the Plutonium Project to define that field in which physical methods are used to determine the existence of hazards to the health of personnel.'
A variation was given by Raymond Finkle, a Health Division employee during this time frame. 'The coinage at first merely denoted the physics section of the Health Division... the name also served security: 'radiation protection' might arouse unwelcome interest; 'health physics' conveyed nothing.'"
The [http://www.hps.org Health Physics Society] is a scientific and professional organization whose members specialize in occupational and environmental radiation safety.
Certified Health Physicist
Radiological Protection of Patients
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Look at other dictionaries:
health physics — ☆ health physics n. a discipline dealing with protection against the potential hazards of harmful radiations in the environment health physicist n. * * * … Universalium
health physics — ☆ health physics n. a discipline dealing with protection against the potential hazards of harmful radiations in the environment health physicist n … English World dictionary
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health physics — radiacinė sauga statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Teisinių, techninių, technologinių, statybos, higienos bei darbų saugos, aplinkos apsaugos normų ir taisyklių bei priemonių, kuriomis užtikrinama žmonių ir aplinkos… … Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas
health physics — radiacinė sauga statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. health physics; radiation protection; radiological protection vok. Strahlenabschirmung, f; Strahlenschutz, m; Strahlungsschutz, m rus. защита от излучений, f; радиационная защита, f… … Fizikos terminų žodynas
health physics — /ˈhɛlθ fɪzɪks/ (say helth fiziks) noun the branch of physics dealing with the effects of ionising radiation on living organisms, especially with the protection of human beings from those effects … Australian English dictionary
health physics — noun plural but usually singular in construction : physics dealing with the medical and hygienic aspects of and precautions against exposure to radioactive radiations … Useful english dictionary
health physics technician — radiacinės saugos technikas statusas T sritis profesijos apibrėžtis Technikas, kuris specializuojasi radiacinės saugos srityje. atitikmenys: angl. health physics technician pranc. technicien en radioprotection, m … Inžinieriai, technikai ir technologai. Trikalbis aiškinamasis žodynėlis
Physics, health — The science of human health and radiation exposure. Health physics, also called medical physics, is devoted to radiation safety. The international professional body for health physics, the Health Physics Society, notes that: For decades, ionizing … Medical dictionary
health physicist — noun : a specialist in health physics * * * health physics, the field of study that deals with the effects of radioactive radiation on health, including protection against radiation and treatment of those exposed to it. –health physicist … Useful english dictionary