Nouvelle Théologie


Nouvelle Théologie

Nouvelle Théologie (French, "New Theology") is the name commonly used to refer to a school of thought in Catholic theology that arose in the mid-20th century, most notably among certain circles of French and German theologians. The shared objective of these theologians was a fundamental reform of how the Catholic Church was approaching theology — namely, the movement reacted against the dominance of Scholasticism and the scholastically-influenced manuals of theology, criticism of the Modern Era by the Church, and a defensive stance towards non-Catholic faiths. This movement was at the root of the Second Vatican Council.

Nouvelle Théologie theologians, in response, sought a return of Catholic Theology to (what they perceived was) its original purity of thought and expression. To accomplish this, they advocated a 'return to the sources' of the Christian Faith: namely, Scripture and the writings of the Church Fathers. This methodological move is known by its French name, ressourcement (French, "return to the sources"). Along with this, the movement adopted a systemic openness to dialogue with the contemporary world on issues of theology. They developed also a renewed interest in biblical exegesis, typology, art, literature and mysticism.

While the name 'Nouvelle Théologie' is today considered the standard designation for the movement, it was originally a pejorative label given the movement by its opponents (usually attributed to the Dominican theologian Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange). The pejorative connotation stems from the critique that theologians of the movement did not 'return to the sources' but deviated from the long-standing theological tradition of the Catholic Church, thus creating a 'new theology' all their own – a claim they denied. Instead, theologians of the movement generally preferred to call their movement "Ressourcement". Yet, their own label enjoyed less popular coinage than that of their opponents. Over time, as 'Nouvelle Théologie' has gained widespread usage, the debate over the movement’s proper name has largely become a marginal note.

The theologians usually associated with Nouvelle Théologie are Henri de Lubac, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Hans Urs von Balthasar, Yves Congar, Karl Rahner, Hans Küng, Edward Schillebeeckx, Marie-Dominique Chenu, Louis Bouyer, Étienne Gilson, Jean Daniélou, Jean Mouroux and Joseph Ratzinger (now, Pope Benedict XVI).

Some of the ideas involved in the Nouvelle Théologie had been condemned by Pope Pius XII in his enyclical Humani Generis. These are for example rejecting the traditional dogmatic formulations that emerged throughout Church history as a result of scholastic theology, re-interpreting Catholic dogma in a way that was inconsistent with tradition, falling into the error of dogmatic relativism and criticizing biblical texts in a way that deviated from the principles of biblical hermeneutics outlined by his predecessors (principally Leo XIII). Pope Pius XII warned that the movement approached the error of modernism, a heresy vehemently condemned by Pope St. Pius X.

Theologians from this school of thought had a significant influence on the reforms brought about in the Catholic Church by the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). In the aftermath of the Council, the movement became divided into two camps, splitting in effect into left and right wings, over the interpretation and implementation of the Council, with Rahner, Congar, Schillebeeckx, Küng, and Chenu founding the more progressive theological journal Concilium in 1965, and de Lubac, Balthasar, Ratzinger, and others founding the theological journal Communio in 1972.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nouvelle Théologie —   [nu vɛl teolɔ ʒi; französisch »neue Theologie«] die, , Richtung innerhalb der französischen katholischen Theologie in den 1940er Jahren, die vor dem Hintergrund der zeitgenössischen Philosophie und in kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Nouvelle Théologie — es un movimiento de renovación de la teología católica a principios del siglo XX en Francia. Historia El movimiento se inicia en un convento Cistercense de Bélgica, a poca distancia de Francia, donde frailes dominicos fundan la Escuela de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nouvelle Théologie — Die Nouvelle Théologie[1] war eine Richtung[2] innerhalb der französischen katholischen Theologie seit den 1930er Jahren. Sie wollte vor dem Hintergrund der zeitgenössischen Philosophie und in kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit der Neuscholastik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nouvelle théologie — Die Nouvelle Théologie[1] war eine Richtung[2] innerhalb der französischen katholischen Theologie seit den 1930er Jahren. Sie wollte vor dem Hintergrund der zeitgenössischen Philosophie und in kritischer Auseinandersetzung mit der Neuscholastik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nouvelle Théologie — La Nouvelle Théologie est un courant de pensée catholique apparu avant les années 1950 et jusqu à la veille du concile Vatican II, en particulier parmi les théologiens allemands et français. Il prône un retour aux sources du christianisme,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • nouvelle théologie —    This French term (meaning new theology ) refers to a theological movement that gained prominence after the First World War; la nouvelle théologie, which was intended to update Roman Catholic theology and revitalize pastoral life through a… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Nouvelle Théologie —    (französisch = neue Theologie), als ”neue Theologie“ 1926 von E. Przywara († 1973) geprägter Begriff, von vatikanischen Personen 1942 u. von Papst Pius XII. († 1958) 1946 polemisch gebrauchte Sammelbezeichnung für sehr differenzierte… …   Neues Theologisches Wörterbuch

  • Nouvelle théologie — Modernisme Pour les articles homonymes, voir Modernisme (homonymie). █ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nouvelle theologie —  (фр. новая теология) возрождение во Франции римско католической теологии благодаря возвращению к источникам (фр. ressourcement), в особенности к творчеству Фомы Аквин ского (1225 1274). Также неосхоластика или неотомизм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Theologie politique — Théologie politique La théologie politique se situe au point de rencontre entre philosophie politique et théologie chrétienne, et se penche en particulier sur la manière dont des concepts et des modes de pensée théologiques peuvent impliquer,… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.