- The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays
name = The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays
caption = A production still displaying the quality of the Radio-Play coloring process.
Francis Boggs Otis Turner
John B. Shaw, Jr
L. Frank Baum
L. Frank Baum
L. Frank Baum
George E. Wilson
Nathaniel D. Mann
September 24, 1908
runtime = 120 minutes
country = USA
language = English
imdb_id = 0000679
"The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays" was an early attempt to bring
L. Frank Baum's Oz booksto the motion picturescreen. It was a mixture of live actors, hand-tinted magic lanternslides, and film. Baum himself would appear as if he were giving a lecture, while he interacted with the characters (both on stage and on screen). Due to financial problems--the show cost more to make than sold-out houses could bring it--the show folded after two months of performances. It opened in Grand Rapids, Michiganon September 24, 1908. It later moved to New York City, where it reportedly closed December 16, 1908. It was scheduled to run through December 31, and ads for it continued to run in " The New York Times" until then.
Michael Radio Color
The films were colored (credited as "illuminations") by
Duval Frèresof Paris, in a process known as "Radio-Play", and were noted for being the most lifelike hand-tinted imagery of the time. Baum once claimed in an interview that a "Michael Radio" was a Frenchman who colored the films, though no evidence of such a person, even with the more proper French spelling "Michel", as second-hand reports unsurprisingly revise it [Such as Russel P. MacFallin " The Baum Bugle", August, 1962 ] , has been documented. It did not refer to the contemporary concept of radio(or, for that matter, a radio play), but played on notions of the new and fantastic at the time, similar to the way "high-tech" would be used later in the century. The "Fairylogue" part of the title was to liken it to a travelogue, which at the time was a very popular type of documentary filmentertainment.
Original film score
The production also included a full original score by
Nathaniel D. Mann, who had previously set a couple of Baum's songs in "The Wizard of Oz" musical. It debuted four months before Camille Saint-Saëns's score for " The Assassination of the Duke of Guise", and is therefore the earliest original film score to be documented.
It was based on Baum's books "
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz", " The Marvelous Land of Oz", " Ozma of Oz" and " John Dough and the Cherub", with intermission slides showing previews of " Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz", which was not sold in stores until near the end of the run. Francis Boggsdirected the Oz material and Otis Turnerdirected "John Dough and the Cherub". Baum, in a white suit, would step behind the screen and into the film, pulling his actors off to appear on stage with him. Surviving production stills depict a very large cast of Oz characters. Romola Remuswas the silver screen's first Dorothy. Will Morrisonis credited with the role of Tip, but a William Gillespie was interviewed in " The Baum Bugle" about the role, and he introduced a discrepancy as to whether Ozmawas played by Maud Harringtonas credited or Delilah Leitzell, as Gillespie remembers.
"(listed in the order credited in the program)"
L. Frank Baum: The Wizard of Oz Man, who will present his very merry, whimsical and really wonderful Fairylogue and Radio-Plays
*Frank Burns: His Majesty the Scarecrow
George E. Wilson: Nick Chopper, the Tin Woodman
Wallace Illington: Tik-Tok, the Machine Man
Bronson Ward, Jr.: Jack Pumpkinhead, whose Brains are Seeds
Paul de Dupont: The Nome King, a Master of Enchantments
Will Morrison: Tip, a transformation, but a real boy
Clarence Nearing: Prince Evring of Ev
Sam 'Smiling' Jones:The Wizard (only a Humbug)
Joseph Schrode: The Cowardly Lion
Burns Wantling: The Hungry Tiger
*The Yellow Hen: Herself
*Toto, Dorothy's Dog: Himself
D.W. Clapperton: Sir Rooster, Visitor at the Emerald City
Charles W. Smith: The Hottentot, Visitor at the Emerald City
Daniel Heath: The Buccaneer, Visitor at the Emerald City
Hans Hoch, Visitor at the Emerald City
Dudley Burton: A Courtier, Visitor at the Emerald City
Samuel Woods: Madame Toussaud , Visitor at the Emerald City
Romola Remus: Dorothy Galeof Kansas
Maud Harrington: Princess Ozma of Oz
Evelyn Judson: Glinda the Good, a Sorceress
Josephine Brewster: Mombithe Witch
John Dough, the Gingerbread Man
Geo. Weatherbee: Mons. Grogande, the Baker who made him
*Frank Burns: The Rubber Bear, a Good Natured Thing
*George E. Wilson: The White Rabbit, Diffident, but not Shy
*Tommy Dean: Obo,
Mifketwho likes Gingerbread
Lillian Swartz: Hogo, Mifket who likes Gingerbread
Minnie Brown: Joko, Mifket who likes Gingerbread
*Daniel Heath: Tertius, an Islander
Tom Persons: Hopkins, of the Village Fireworks Committee
Grace Elder: Chick the Cherub, an Incubator Baby
Annabel Jephson: The Island Princess
Mrs. Bostwick: Mme. Grogand, the Baker's Wife [ [http://www.pbagalleries.com/search/item_img.php?acq_no=150919&PHPSESSID=70447dfb08fdd99b3a601dba89e92e2d Item Images ] ] [ [http://www.pbagalleries.com/search/item.php?anr=150919&PHPSESSID=70447dfb08fdd99b3a601dba89e92e2d&PHPSESSID=70447dfb08fdd99b3a601dba89e92e2d Program for L. Frank Baum's Fairylogue - PBA Galleries, Auctions & Appraisers ] ]
The New York Times" included a write-up of the show in a full-page article in a late 1909 issue, over a year after the show had come and gone, probably because they finally had space for it after it was no longer necessary but still of interest. When the production appeared in New York, the "Times"' listing for it appeared along with the plays, not with the films, drawing attention to the fact that Baum, not to mention the rest of the cast, would be appearing live on stage with the films as a major, though far from the only, component.
"The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays" was produced by "The Radio-Play Company of America",
John B. Shaw, Jr., general manager. The sets were designed and painted by E. Pollack. The costumes were designed by Fritz Schultzand Chicago Costuming Co.. Properties and papier-mâchéwork by Charles van Duzen. Mechanical effects by Paul Dupont. Wigs by Hepner. Shoes by Marshall Field & Co.Jewels loaned by C.D. Peacock.
Selig Polyscope Companywas involved in the production of the films. This led to erroneous conclusions that " The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1910 film)" and its sequels were derived from the materials of this film, which was disproven with the discovery of that film, which bears little resemblance to the surviving materials of Fairylogue. Otis Turner is believed to be the director of both film versions of "John Dough and the Cherub", both lost. It may be possible that they were one and the same film, but highly unlikely, as "Fairylogue" was most likely the singular print eventually discarded by the Baum family after its decomposition.
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