- Irish Catholic
Irish Catholics is a term used to describe people of
Roman Catholicbackground who are Irish or of Irish descent.
The term is of note due to Irish immigration to many countries of the
English speaking world, particularly as a result of the Irish Faminein the 1840s - 1850s, following which the population declined by over half in the following century (from approx. over 8 million to just over 4 million) due to the pattern of immigration begun then. The term has currency in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. These nations had, or have, a majority of Protestants; thus, both aspects - being Catholic, and being Irish - at times separated them from the mainstream culture. In the United States, hostility to both these aspects was expressed through the Know-Nothing movementand Nativismin general.
The term can also relate to a period when Catholicism in Ireland was somewhat divergent from the "Roman" church. Though mostly reconciled with the
Synod of Cashelin 1172, some elements unique within the practice of Catholicism and Catholic culture remained in Ireland.
'Irish Catholic' is also used to distinguish Catholic inhabitants of
Irelandfrom the Ulster-Scotsand the Anglo-Irish, and the North American descendants of Irish Catholic emigrants from the Scots-Irish. It does not necessarily refer to religion, as there are many Irish Catholics who belong to other faiths or, indeed, no faith at all (such as Eamonn McCann).
The Irish Catholic" is also the name of a popular newspaper in Ireland published for lay people.
Saint Patrick's Day
Roman Catholicism in Ireland
D. P. Moran
* [http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/irish2.html Library of Congress]
* [http://cuapress.cua.edu/BOOKS/viewbook.cfm?Book=MCIA The Irish Catholic Diaspora in America] , describes the book ISBN 0-8132-0896-3
* [http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/staffhome/yukoszarycz/ecc/MOD8.HTML On Irish Catholics of Australia]
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