Henri Maspero


Henri Maspero

Henri Maspero (December 15, 1882 - March 17, 1945) was a French sinologist, today particularly remembered for his pioneering works on Taoism.

Biography

After studies in history and literature, in 1905 he joined his father (Egyptologist Gaston Maspero) in Egypt, and later published the study "Les Finances de l'Egypte sous les Lagides". After returning to Paris in 1907, he studied the Chinese language under Édouard Chavannes and law at Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales. In 1908, he went to Hanoi, studying at the "École française d'Extrême-Orient".

In 1918 he succeeded Chavannes in the Chair of Chinese at the Collège de France. He published his monumental "La Chine Antique" in 1927. During the following years he replaced Marcel Granet for the chair of Chinese civilisation at Sorbonne, directed the department of Chinese religions at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, and was selected a member of the Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres.

Accused by the occupying German force of involvement with the French Resistance he was interned in Buchenwald concentration camp during the Second World War, where he died.

Besides his pioneering works on Chinese history and religions, he also made great contributions to historical Chinese phonology for his works "Le dialecte de Tch'ang-ngan sous les T'ang" (1920) and "Préfixes et dérivation en chinois archaïque" (1930).

His "Le Taoïsme et les religions chinoises" was published in 1971 as volume II of his "Mélanges posthumes". It was published in English (as translated by Frank A. Kierman, Jr.) in 1981 under the title "Taoism and Chinese Religion", in 9 Books:-
*Book I : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_1.htm| "Chinese Religion in Its Historical Development"]
*Book II : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_2.htm| "The Mythology of Modern China"]
*Book III : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_3.htm| "The Society and Religion of the Ancient Chinese and of the Modern Tai"]
*Book IV : "How Buddhism was Introduced into China"
*Book V : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_5.htm| "Taoism in Chinese Religious Beliefs of the Six Dynasties Period"]
*Book VI : "The Poet Hsi K'ang and the Club of Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove"
*Book VII : "An Essay on Taoism in the First Centuries A. D.", in 4 parts :-
* Part 1 : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_7,1.htm| "Individual Religious Life and the Search for Immortality"]
* Part 2 : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_7,2.htm| "Taoist Communities and Public Worship"]
* Part 3 : "Taoism and the Beginnings of Buddhism in China"
* Part 4 : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_and_Chinese_Religion,_7,4.htm| "The Origins and Development of the Taoist Religion up to the Han Period"]
*Book VIII : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_8.htm| "How to Communicate with the Taoist Gods"]
*Book IX : "Methods of "Nourishing the Vital Principle" in the Ancient Taoist Religion", in 3 parts :-
* Part 1 : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_9,1.htm| "Breathing Techniques"]
* Part 2 : [http://texts.00.gs/Taoism_&_Chinese_Religion,_9,2.htm| "Methods of Uniting Yin and Yang to Nourish the Vital Principle"]
* Part 3 : "Gymnastics, Tao-yin"

See also

*François Maspero, his son, writer and famous editor

External links

*Some of his [http://classiques.uqac.ca/classiques/chine_ancienne/chine_index1C.html works] are available free online courtesy of the Université du Québec à Chicoutimi


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henri Maspero — (1883 1945), sinólogo francés cuya obra durante las primeras décadas del siglo XX ha dejado una impronta fundamental en el campo concreto de los estudios de la cultura sino asiática. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Campos de Estudio de Henri Maspero 3… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henri Maspéro — (* 15. Dezember 1883 in Paris; † 17. März 1945[1] im KZ Buchenwald) war ein berühmter französischer Sinologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Maspero — (* 15. Dezember 1883 in Paris; † 17. März 1945 im KZ Buchenwald) war ein berühmter französischer Sinologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Maspéro — Henri Maspero Henri Maspero, né à Paris le 15 décembre 1883 et mort en déportation au camp de Buchenwald le 17 mars 1945, est un sinologue français. Il s illustra par sa fine érudition et un travail pionnier toujours incontournable sur le Taoïsme …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Maspero — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maspero. Henri Maspero, né à Paris Ve le 15 décembre 1883 et mort en déportation au camp de Buchenwald le 17 mars 1945, est un sinologue français. Il s illustra par sa fine érudition et un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maspero — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda H. Maspero (1883 1945), sinólogo francés cuya obra durante las primeras décadas del siglo XX ha dejado una impronta fundamental en el campo concreto de los estudios de la cultura sino asiática. Contenido 1 Biografía… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maspéro — Henri Maspéro (* 15. Dezember 1883 in Paris; † 17. März 1945[1] im KZ Buchenwald) war ein berühmter französischer Sinologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maspéro — Maspero Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnalités Maspero est un nom de famille partagé par plusieurs personnes : Gaston Maspero (1846 1916), égyptologue ; Henri Maspero… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maspero — ist der Familienname von: Gaston Maspero (1846 1916), französischer Ägyptologe Jean Maspero (1885–1915), französischer Papyrologe; Sohn von Gaston Maspero Henri Maspero (1883 1945), französischer Sinologe; Sohn von Gaston Maspero Diese Seite i …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maspero — People with the name Maspero include: Gaston Maspero (1846 1916), French Egyptologist, father of Henri Henri Maspero (1882 1945), French sinologist, son of Gaston, father of François François Maspero (born 1932), French author and journalist, son …   Wikipedia


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