Raiano


Raiano

Infobox CityIT
official_name = Comune di Raiano
img_coa = Raiano-Stemma.png img_coa_small =


image_caption =
region = RegioneIT|sigla=ABR
province = ProvinciaIT (short form)|sigla=AQ (AQ)
mayor =
mayor_party =
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 390
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 29.09
population_footnotes =
population_as_of = 01-01-2007 "(ISTAT)"
population_total = 2969
pop_density_footnotes =
population_density_km2 = 102,06
coordinates = coord|42|6|12|N|13|48|56|E|region:IT_type:city(2969)
gentilic = Raianesi
telephone = 0864
postalcode = 67027
frazioni =
saint = San Venanzio
day = 18 May
mapx = #expr:42 + 6 / 60.0
mapy = #expr:13 + 48 / 60.0
locator_position =
native_name = Raiano
name = Raiano
website = http://www.comune.raiano.aq.it/

Raiano is a town and "comune" of the province of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo region of Italy.

Geography

Raiano is located at 390 m above sea level, on the western side of the Peligna Valley. In his Naturalis Historia, Pliny the Elder subdivided the Peligna region and its people into three categories: "Paelignorum Corfinienses, Superequani et Sulmonenses". Raiano lies in the Corfinienses region on the south side of the Aterno river valley, only 3 km from the remains of the ancient city of Corfinium.

History

The Villa Ragiani, or "Castrum Radiani", was raised on the hill of Castellone in the Middle Ages, with the earliest references appearing in 872. This little village, that in the 10th century hosted for a short time emperors Otto I (912-973) and Otto III (980-1002), was ruled throughout the Middle Ages by the feudal events of the surrounding area and the Kingdom of Sicily, subject to the successive reigns of the Normans, the Staufer, the Angevin, and the Aragonese empire.

It maintained a notable importance, however, thanks to the barracks in the north-western Peligna Valley and its strategic position along the old Celano-Foggia Path and the ancient Via Tiburtina Valeria. The old town was deserted in the second half of the 15th century, after many earthquakes.

Notes and references


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