- Movement for European Reform
Movement for European Reform
Bewegung für europäische Reform
Mouvement pour la réforme européenne
Movimento per la riforma europea
Movimiento para la reforma europea
President None appointed Founded July 13, 2006 Succeeded by Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists Headquarters 25 Victoria Street, London SW1H 0DL Ideology Liberal conservatism,
International affiliation None European Parliament Group European Conservatives and Reformists Official colours Dark blue Website www.europeanreform.eu Politics of the European Union
The Movement for European Reform, abbreviated to MER, was a pan-European alliance of national centre-right political parties with conservative, pro-free market and Eurosceptic inclinations. It consisted of the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom and the Civic Democratic Party of the Czech Republic.
Founded on 13 July 2006, MER was created as a precursor to the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR) and European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR), a political group in the European Parliament that was launched in June 2009 following European elections. Its operations folded into the ECR and the AECR later that year.
MER was formed as an interim measure to function outside the European Parliament until a new group could be formed within it after the 2009 elections. Until then, its MEPs continued as members of the now-dissolved ED subgroup within the broader EPP-ED group.
Since its launch, it was unclear as to whether the MER would remain a simple pan-European alliance or apply for official recognition as a political party at European level (sometimes called a Europarty). The body's founding statement expressly offered membership to parties from non-EU member states, a characteristic of other Europarties, and its commitment to fight the 2009 election together suggested an appetite for recognition.
After the 2009 European election, members of the MER initiated the European Conservatives and Reformists Group, a new political group in the European Parliament.
The MER website stopped being updated in 2007 and, in June 2009, the British Conservative Shadow Foreign Secretary William Hague said that the MER's aims and activities would be folded into the new European Parliamentary group.
MER's position was that the European Union should exist; however, it should be a looser supranational organisation than the current structure. This makes it more Eurosceptic than the three major European-level political movements (the European People's Party, Party of European Socialists and European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party), but less Eurosceptic than formations such as the Europe of Freedom and Democracy, the successor to the Independence and Democracy group in the European Parliament.
Members of MER were:
In the first week of March 2007, under Petar Stoyanov, the Bulgarian Union of Democratic Forces (UDF) decided to join. A day after the UDF's announcement, the Presidency of the European People's Party (EPP) recommended that UDF be suspended from the EPP. The President of the EPP Wilfried Martens justified the suspension, arguing that:
“ ...It is not compatible for a member party of the EPP to join such an initiative and at the same time remain in our party. The EPP is committed to reforming the European Union (EU) and we are open for constructive dialogue with our non-EPP allies but, at the same time, we expect UDF to be loyal and committed to its membership obligations... ”
In mid April 2007, the UDF backtracked and stated that it remained loyal to the EPP and that it would never leave the EPP section of the EPP-ED Group to join another Group. A month later, in the first-ever elections for the European Parliament in Bulgaria (20 May 2007) the UDF failed to elect any seats. As a result, Petar Stoyanov - who was accused by his critics of making poor decisions during the campaign, including the MER choice - resigned as UDF leader. In September 2007, the UDF formally withdrew from the MER and re-affirmed its membership with the EPP.
- ^ "Movement for European Reform". Movement for European Reform. 2007. http://www.europeanreform.eu/. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- ^ Charter, David (2009-05-15). "David Cameron’s new European allies set to include odd bedfellows". London: The Times. http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article6289822.ece. Retrieved 2009-05-15.
- ^ "Cameron Euro declaration". BBC News. 2006-07-13. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/5175994.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- ^ Kubosova, Lucia (13 July 2006). "Plans to form new MEP group kicked into 2009". EUobserver. http://euobserver.com/9/22085. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- ^ "William Hague gives a reply (if not an answer) to the question: "What does 'We will not let matters rest there' actually mean in practice?"". ConservativeHome. 2 June 2009. http://conservativehome.blogs.com/thetorydiary/2009/06/william-hague-gives-a-reply-if-not-an-answer-to-the-question-what-does-we-will-not-let-matters-rest-.html. Retrieved 2009-06-24.
- ^ "EPP Presidency suspends Bulgarian UDF - EPP President reveals reform plan in article". European People's Party. 2007. http://www.epp.eu/newsdetail.php?hoofdmenuID=4&newsID=219&submenuID=49&subsubmenuID=135. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- ^ "EPP Suggests ceased membership for Bulgaria's UDF". The Sofia Echo. 9 March 2007. http://www.sofiaecho.com/article/epp-suggests-ceased-membership-for-bulgarias-udf/id_21135/catid_68. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- ^ "EPP withdraws motion to suspend Bulgarian party". European People's Party. 2008. http://www.epp.eu/newsdetail.php?hoofdmenuID=4&newsID=276&submenuID=49&subsubmenuID=141. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
- Official website
- Notes from the Conservative Party on the MER (PDF)
- Speech by David Cameron on founding of MER
Alliance of European Conservatives and ReformistsConservative Party (25 MEPs) · Law and Justice (11) · Civic Democratic Party (9) · Poland Comes First (3) · Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania (1) · Hungarian Democratic Forum (1) · Libertarian, Direct, Democratic (1) · Ulster Unionist Party (1) · Independence Party · Alternative Democratic Reform Party · Civic Conservative PartyEuropean Conservatives and Reformists · Movement for European Reform · New Direction Pan-European political organisations Political parties
at European levelEU-recognisedEuropean People's Party · Party of European Socialists · European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party · Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists · European Green Party · Party of the European Left · European Democratic Party · European Free Alliance · European Alliance for Freedom · EUDemocrats · European Christian Political MovementDefunct
of national parties
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