- Amin Ahsan Islahi
color = #B0C4DE
image_caption = Amin Ahsan Islahi
name = Amin Ahsan Islahi
birth = 1904
death = 1997
main_interests = Qur'anic exegesis
Hamiduddin Farahi, Shibli Nomani
Javed Ahmed Ghamidi, Israr Ahmed
notable_ideas = Concept of thematic and structural coherence in
Amin Ahsan Islahi (1904–1997) was an
Indian/ Pakistani exegete of the Qur'an, who became famous for his Urduexegeses of Qur'an, Tadabbur-i-Qur’an—an exegesis that he based on Hamiduddin Farahi's (1863-1930) idea of thematic and structural coherence in the Qur'an.
Islahi was born in 1904 at Bamhur, a small village in
Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India. After graduating from Madrasah al-Islahin Azamgarh in 1922, he entered the field of journalism. First he worked as an associated editor in "Khoonch" a children magazine. Then he edited a newspaper "Madinah" at Bijnawr and also remained associated with "Sach", a newspaper taken out by Abdul Majid Daryabadi.
Inspiration from Hamiduddin Farahi
It was sometime in 1925 when
Farahioffered Islahi to come and study the Qur’an with him. Islahi abandoned his journalistic career to benefit from this opportunity. It was in this forming period of his life in which he learnt from Farahi the principles of direct deliberation on the Book of Allah. During this time, he also taught the Qur’an and Arabic literature at the Madrasah.
After Farahi’s death, Islahi studied Hadith from a celebrated scholar of this discipline, Abdu’l Rahman Muhaddith Mubarakpuri. In 1936, Islahi founded the "Daira-i-Hamidiyyah", a small institute to disseminate the Qur’anic thought of Farahi. Under the auspices of this institute, he brought out a monthly journal "Al-Islah" in which he translated many portions of Farahi’s treatises written in
Arabic. The journal was published till 1939, after which it was discontinued.
Association with Jamaat-e-Islami
Islahi was among the founder members of the
Jamaat-e-Islami, a religious party founded by the eminent Islamic scholar Mawdudiin 1941. During his seventeen year stay in the party, he represented the intellectual element and remained a member of the central governing body, "Majlis-i-Shura". During this period, he did the groundwork needed to write a commentary of the Qur’an – an objective which he had set before him early in life. In 1956, when the Government of Pakistanset up the Islamic Law Commission, Islahi - also an eminent expert on Islamic law- served as a member until the commission was abolished in 1958 by the martial law regime of General Ayub Khan. In 1958, he abandoned the party after serious differences arose between him and Mawdudi on the nature of the constitution of the party.
Completion of Tadabbur-i-Qur’an
After leaving the
Jamaat-e-Islami, he finally got the chance to achieve his goal of writing a commentary of the Qur’an. He also launched a monthly journal "Mithaq" in which portions of this commentary, Tadabbur-i-Qur’anwere published. In 1961, he established a small study circle "Halqa-i-Tadabbur-i- Qur’an" for college students to whom he taught Arabic language and literature, the Qur’an and Sahih Muslim. In 1965, a tragic incident brought an end to the journal as well as to the study circle: Islahi’s eldest son Abu Saleh died in a plane crash. However, work on the commentary continued. In 1970-71, Islahi fell severely ill and had to discontinue all his intellectual pursuits. Later, he recovered quite miraculously. In 1972, he shifted to a countryside village near Sheikhupura, where he continued to work on the commentary till 1979, when he shifted back to Lahore. It was on the 29th of Ramadan 1400/August 12, 1980 that he finished his work on Tadabbur-i-Qur’anthat took twenty-two years to complete.
In 1981 Islahi founded the "Idara-i-Tadabbur-i Qur’an-o Hadith", and appointed his close pupil Khalid Masud as first Nazam of the Idara. Now it is working under the supervision of Abdullah Ghulam Ahmed in Lahore Pakistan. It remained the centre of all his intellectual activities until his death (15th December 1997). A quarterly journal
Tadabburwas taken out in 1981 as its organ. Khalid Masud was appointed its first editor and incharge till his death in Oct 2003. He gave weekly lectures on the text of the Qur’an. Later, he took up deep study on the principles of Hadith and began teaching the Al-Muwattaof Imam Malikin weekly sittings to a close circle of students and associates. After completing Al-Muwatta, he also taught some portions of Imam Bukhari’s Sahih Bukhari. Many of these lectures have been transcribed and published in the Tadabbur. Khalid Masud played a major role in coverting his speeches and lectures into publication for benefits of the islamic scolars and public.
Amin Ahsan Islahi is survived by two daughters and a son, as well as numerous grandchildren and greatgrandchildren.
Tadabbur-i-Qur’an, Islahi has written a number of articles and authored a number of books on various topics of Islam, which includes:
#‘تزكيہ نفس’ (Tazkiyah-i-Nafs: Purification of the Soul)
#‘حقيقت شرك’ (Haqiqat-i-Shirk: The Essence of
#‘حقيقت توحيد’ (Haqiqat-i-Tawhid: The Essence of
# (Haqeeqat-e- Risalath: The Essence of Prophethood)
#Haqeeqath-e- Ma-aad : The Essence of Herafter
#‘دعوت دين اور اس كا طريقہ كار’ (Da‘wat-i-Din awr us ka Tariqah-i-Kar: Islamic Message and the Mode of its Preaching)
#‘اسلامى قانون كى تدوين’ (Islami Qanun ki Tadwin: Codification of
#‘اسلامى رياست’ (Islami Riyasat: The
#‘اسلامى معاشره ميں عورت كا مقام’ (Islami Mu‘asharay mayn ‘Awrat ka Muqam: The Status of Women in an Islamic Society)
#‘حقيقت نماز’ (Haqiqat-i-Namaz: The Essence of the
#‘حقيقت تقوى’ (Haqiqat-i-Taqwah: The Essence of Godliness)
#‘اسلامي رياست ميں فقہى اختلافات كا حل’ (Islami Riyasat mayn Fiqhi Ikhtilafat ka Hal: Solution of Juristic Differences in an Islamic State)
#‘مبادي تدبر قرآن’ (Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Qur’an: Principles of Understanding the Qur’an)
#‘مبادي تدبر حديث’ (Mabadi Tadabbur-i-Hadith: Principles of Understanding the
#‘تنقيدات’ (Tanqidat: A collection of critical essays)
#‘توضيحات’ (Tawdihat: A collection of general explanatory essays)
#‘مقالات اصلاحي’ (Maqalat-i-Islahi: A miscellaneous collection of articles)
#‘قرآن ميں پرده كے احكامات’ (Qur’an mayn Parday kay Ahkamat: The Directives of
Hijabin the Qur’an)
#‘تفہيم دين’ (Tafhim-i-Din: Understanding Islam)
#‘فلسفـے كے مسائل قرآن كى روشنى ميں’ (Falsafay kay Matha’il Qur’an ki Rawshani mayn: Philosophical Issues in the Light of the Qur’an)
# Tadabbur -e- Hadeedh
Islahi also translated
Farahi’s commentary consisting of fourteen Surahs of the Qur’an, as well as his following books from Arabic:
#‘في من هو الذبيح’ (Fi man huwa al-Dhabih: Which of
Abraham’s son was Sacrificed?)
#‘اقسام القرآن’ (Aqsamu’l-Qur’an: Oaths of the Qur’an)
Some of the notable students in
Pakistanare Khalid Masud, Mahbub Subhani, Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, Mahmud Ahmad Lodhi, Majid Khawar, Abullah Ghulam Ahmad, Saeed Ahmadand Muhammad Da'ud.
Javed Ahmed Ghamidi
* " [http://renaissance.com.pk/jafetitl98.html A Brief Biographical Sketch of Islahi] ", Renaissance - Monthly Islamic Journal, Volume 8, Number 1-2, January & February 1998.
* Mir, Mustansir. "Coherence in the Qur’an: A Study of Islahi’s Concept of Nazm in Tadabbur-i Qur'an". Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1986. ISBN 0-89259-065-3.
* Robinson, Neal. "Discovering the Qur’an: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text". London: SCM Press, 1996. ISBN 0-334-02649-0.
* [http://ukim.org/Uploads/newsletter/NewsLetterMarApr2004.pdf Khalid Masud: Amin Ahsan Islahi's Intellectual Heir (1935 — 2003)] (pdf), [http://www.ukim.org The Mission Newsletter] , Volume 9, Issue 3-4, March-April 2004.
* [http://dar-ut-tazkeer.com/islahi.htm Amin Ahsan Islahi, Dar-ut-Tazkeer]
* [http://www.amin-ahsan-islahi.com www.amin-ahsan-islahi.com]
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