- Vietnam Air Force
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Vietnam Air Force
"Khong Quan Viet Nam"
dates= 1955 - 1975
size= 63,000 personnel (at height)
2075 aircraft (at height)
motto=Tổ Quốc - Không Gian (Fatherland - Space)
July 1- VNAF Day
notable_commanders=Nguyễn Xuân Vinh, Nguyễn Cao Kỳ
identification_symbol_2_label= Fin Flash
aircraft_attack= MD 315 Flamant, T-28, A-1, A-37, AC-47, AC-119G/K
F8F Bearcat, F-5A/B/C/E
aircraft_recon= RF-5A, MS 500 Criquet,
O-1 Bird Dog, O-2 Skymaster, U-6, U-17
Republic RC-3 Seabee
aircraft_trainer= Pazmany PL-2, T-6, T-28, T-41, T-37, H-13
Dassault MD 315 Flamant, C-45, Aero Commander, C-47, DC-6, C-7 Caribou, C-119, C-123, C-130, Alouette II, Alouette III, H-19, UH-1, H-34, CH-47
The VNAF (abbreviation for Viet Nam Air Force, Vietnamese is "Không Quân Việt Nam") started off as a few hand picked men chosen to fly alongside French pilots during the
State of Vietnamera. It eventually grew into the world's 6th largest air force at the height of its power, in 1974. It is an often neglected chapter of the history of the Vietnam war as they operated in the shadow of the world's largest air war machine. Many members now live in the United States.
In contrast with the North Vietnamese Air Force, most allied air operations in the
Vietnam Warwere conducted by the US armed forces. The South Vietnamese forces operated at a fairly basic level compared to the US forces, which carried the bombing campaigns in the north.
The 19th Tactical Air Support Squadron was organized on
17 June 1963The United States in May 1956 had started to train and advise the South Vietnamese Air Force. VNAF was supplied with H-19 helicopters, and later H-34's. Initially they employed simple T-28 Trojan[1962 Aviation Week] prop powered trainers which could carry a small bombload. The first jets were B-57 Canberrabombers arriving in 1965. In October of the same year the VNAF received its first modern UH-1 Hueyturbine powered helicopters. Later, the US released more powerful light attack A-1 Skyraiders and jet light attack A-37 Dragonfly, and the lightweight F-5 Freedom Fighterwhich was developed by Northropas an affordable export fighter for foreign air forces. By the end of 1972, the VNAF operated 18 squadrons with 500 new helicopters, one of the largest helicopter fleets in the world. [http://www.laudpolicesupply.com/Chuck_web/History%20of%20Dust%20Off/HistoryCHAPTER%20V.htm VNAF Dust Off ] In 1972, President Thieu asked for, but did not receive, the F-4 Phantomwith its massive bombload and speed that was widely used for all roles by US air services. [ [http://openweb.tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/1972-11/1972-11-10-NBC-2.html NBC Evening News for Friday, Nov 10, 1972] ]
When the NVA started to install anti-aircraft missiles near Khe Sanh, the VNAF lacked the radar jamming gear, and the navigational aids required to attack the missile sites. [ [http://www.riciok.com/Cease_Fire/consolidating_and_rebuilding.htm http://www.riciok.com/] ] The VNAF primarily flew close support as communist forces did not fly aircraft over US-held territory, so they never had the opportunity to fight MiGs or "go downtown" in heavy fighter bombers. Consequently, the
ARVNwas at a significant disadvantage once the US air force left Vietnam due to the lack of the bombings and air support provided by the US. Many think that this is reason why the Communist offensive succeeded so rapidly when compared to other offensives, such as the ones in 1968 and 1972.
During the final 1975 offensive, it was not simply a case of a massive collapse. The ARVN forces in Long Khanh were fighting to the death. A cooperative effort between the ARVN and the VNAF enabled ARVN troops there to hold on. CH-47 helicopters brought in 193 tons of artillery ammunition over two days.
A-1 Skyraiders flew in and a C-130 Herculestransports dropped massive 15,000-pound daisy cutter bombs on enemy positions. Flying against intense antiaircraft fire, they took a heavy toll on the NVAdivisions around Xuan Loc. Last combat was held by an AC-119gunship to protect Tan Son Nhut airbase two days before the surrender of South Vietnam government on April 30, 1975. After two hours, the aircraft was shot down by an SA-7portable missile, used for the first time during the Vietnam conflict. [ [http://www.riciok.com/Cease_Fire/last_act_in_the_south.htm Last Act in the South] ]
*Douglas B-26 Invader - Provided during "
*Martin B-57 Canberra - On loan from USAF for training only - never deployed in combat by VNAF
* Pazmany PL-2
North American T-6 Texan
North American T-28 Trojan- Provided during " Farm Gate"
Cessna T-37 Tweet
Cessna T-41 Mescalero
Transport and Utility Aircraft
*L-26 Aero Commander
*de Havilland Canada C-7 Caribou
*Beechcraft C-45 Expeditor
Douglas C-47 Dakota
*Douglas DC-6/C-118 Liftmaster
Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar
Fairchild C-123 Provider
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Dassault MD 315 Flamant
*de Havilland Canada U-6 Beaver
*Cessna U-17A/B Skywagon
Republic RC-3 Seabee
VNAF Units ["VNAF: South Vietnamese Air Force 1945-1975" by Jim Mesko]
Nguyen Xuan Vinh- Commander of the South Vietnamese Air Force from 1958 until 1962
Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky
Nguyen Quy Anwas a Majorin the Republic of Vietnam Air Forcewho risked his life to rescue four Americans in a downed chopper while he was on a different mission. For his actions he was awarded the United States Distinguished Flying Cross.
Nguyen Van Cu, Pham Phu Quoc- pilots in the VNAF, bombed the South Vietnamese Presidential Palace in 1962
* [http://vnaf.net/ The South Vietnamese Air Force 1951-1975] Pictures, stories
* [http://www.canhthep.com/ CanhThep website] Pictures, stories, Forum
* [http://www.xairforces.net/airforces.asp?id=41 Vietnam Air Force]
* [http://stinet.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA439993 The Vietnamese Air Force, 1951-1975. An Analysis of Its Role in Combat and Fourteen Hours at Koh Tang. Volume 3, Monographs 4 and 5]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Vietnam People's Air Force — This article is about the current Vietnamese air force. For the air force of the former Republic of Vietnam, see Vietnam Air Force. Vietnam People s Air Force Không Quân Nhân Dân Việt Nam … Wikipedia
Air Force 1 — Air Force One Pour les articles homonymes, voir Air Force One (homonymie). L actuel Air Force One survolant le mont Rushmore dans le Dakota du … Wikipédia en Français
Air Force one — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Air Force One (homonymie). L actuel Air Force One survolant le mont Rushmore dans le Dakota du … Wikipédia en Français
Air Force Security Forces — AFSC Enlisted: 3P0X1, Officer: 31PX) (formerly named Air Police, then Security Police; colloquially called cops by USAF personnel), are the military police of the United States Air Force. Airmen in this field go through 13 weeks of initial… … Wikipedia
Air Force Cross (United States) — Infobox Military Award name=Air Force Cross caption= awarded by=United States Air Force type=Medal eligibility= for= Extraordinary heroism, not justifying the award of a Medal of Honor status=Currently awarded created=1960 first award=1962 last… … Wikipedia
Vietnam Air Gallantry Cross — Infobox Military Award name=Vietnam Air Gallantry Cross caption= awarded by=flag|South Vietnam type= eligibility=Military personnel who were engaged in aerial combat for=meritorious or heroic conduct while engaged in aerial combat campaign=… … Wikipedia
Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center caption= Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center emblem dates= 1 January 1974 country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Air Force type=… … Wikipedia
Air Force One — Para otros usos de este término, véase Air Force One (desambiguación). Air Force One … Wikipedia Español
Air Force Plant 43 — Usine Avco de Stratford 41° 10′ 10″ N 73° 07′ 19″ W / 41.1694, 73.1219 … Wikipédia en Français
Seventh Air Force — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Seventh Air Force caption= Seventh Air Force emblem dates= November 1940 June 1975 September 1986 Current country= United States of America allegiance= branch= United States Air Force type= Field Air Force role=… … Wikipedia