- Battle of Aizu
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Aizu
caption=Attack of the Aizu-Wakamatsu castle during the Battle of Aizu.
result=Decisive Imperial victory
combatant1=Satsuma, Chōshū, Tosa
Itagaki Taisuke, Ijichi Masaharu, Nakamura Hanjirō
Matsudaira Katamori, Saigō Tanomo, Yamakawa Hiroshi, Kayano Gonbei, Tanaka Tosa†, Saitō Hajime
The Battle of Aizu (Japanese:会津戦争, lit. "War of Aizu") was fought in northern Japan in autumn 1868, and was part of the
Boshin War. Aizuwas known for its martial skill, and maintained at any given time, a standing army of over 5000. It was often deployed to security operations on the northern fringes of the country, as far north as southern Sakhalin. Also, in the period immediately before, during, and after Commodore Perry's arrival, Aizu had a presence in security operations around Edo Bay.
During the tenure of the 9th generation lord
Matsudaira Katamori, the domain deployed massive amounts of their troops to Kyoto, where Katamori served as Kyoto Shugoshoku. Earning the hatred of the Chōshū domain, and alienating his ally, the Satsuma domain, Katamori retreated with the shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobuin 1868.
Though the Satsuma-Chōshū controlled Imperial Court, following Yoshinobu's resignation, called for the punishment of Katamori and Aizu as "enemies of the Court," he took great pains to beg for mercy, finally acquiescing to calls for war later in 1868, during the
Boshin War. Though the Aizu forces fought as part of the greater efforts of the Ouetsu Reppan Domei, they were eventually abandoned (after the loss at the Battle of Bonari Pass) by the forces of the former Bakufu under Otori Keisuke. Aizu, now fighting alone, had its forces besieged at Tsuruga Castle, the seat of the Aizu domain, in October 1868. This was the start of a month-long siege.
A detached unit from the
Byakkotai("White Tiger Company")- young, predominantly teenage, samurai- are famous for having committed seppuku(a form of ritual suicide) on Mount Iimori, overlooking the castle. Because of the smoke from the burning castle town, which was in between them and the castle itself, they mistakenly assumed that the castle had fallen. Their story is known because of the only one among them whose suicide was unsuccessful: Iinuma Sadakichi.
A remnant of
Shinsengumi, a unit which Aizu had supervised while in Kyoto, was present at the battle, under the command of Saitō Hajime.
After a month of siege, Aizu officials agreed to surrender, through the mediation of their neighbor, the
Yonezawa Domain. Soon after, Matsudaira Katamori, his son Nobunori, and the senior retainers came before the imperial commanders in person, and offered their unconditional surrender. The samurai population was sent away to prisoner of war camps, and the Aizu domain, as it had been since the mid-17th century, ceased to exist.
* Noguchi Shinichi, "Aizu-han". Tokyo: Gendai Shokan, 2005. (ISBN 4-7684-7102-1)
* [http://www.byakkotai.net Byakkotai.net]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Battle of Hokuetsu — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Hokuetsu caption= partof=Boshin War date=March 29, 1868 place=Nagaoka, Echigo Province result=Decisive Imperial victory combatant1=Satsuma, Chōshū combatant2=Bakufu, Nagaoka Domain commander1=Ruler:… … Wikipedia
Battle of Bonari Pass — The Battle of Bonari Pass (Japanese:母成峠の戦い) was part of the Boshin War, and occurred on October 6th, 1868 (Gregorian Calendar), or August 21 (Lunar Calendar). The Bonari pass was a strategic access at the limit of the fief of Aizu. The battle… … Wikipedia
Battle of Toba-Fushimi — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Toba Fushimi caption= Top : Engagement of Toba. Shogunate forces on the left, Satsuma forces on the right. Middle : engagement of Fushimi (near Takasegawa). Shogunate forces are on the left, including… … Wikipedia
Battle of Utsunomiya Castle — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Utsunomiya Castle partof=Boshin War date=May 10 May 14, 1868 caption=Utsunomiya castle during the Edo period. place=Utsunomiya, Tochigi territory= result=Imperial victory combatant1=Imperial Army… … Wikipedia
Battle of Ueno — The Battle of Ueno (Japanese:上野戦争) was a battle of the Boshin War, which occurred on July 4, 1868 (May 15 by the lunar calendar), between the troops of the Shōgitai under Shibusawa Seiichirō and Amano Hachirō. Though the Shōgitai was mostly made… … Wikipedia
Battle of Kōshū-Katsunuma — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Kōshū Katsunuma caption=Kondo Isami at the Battle of Kōshū Katsunuma. partof=Boshin War date=March 29, 1868 place=Katsunuma, Yamanashi result=Decisive Imperial victory combatant1=Satsuma, Chōshū, Tosa… … Wikipedia
Aizu-wakamatsu — ▪ Japan city, Fukushima ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the centre of the Aizu basin, surrounded by volcanic mountains. A castle was built on the site in 1384. Much of the present city dates from 1590, when the castle was rebuilt and named… … Universalium
Battle of Hakodate — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Hakodate caption=French and Japanese soldiers of the Ezo Republic in 1869. Back row : Cazeneuve, Marlin, Fukushima Tokinosuke, Fortant. Front row : Hosoya Yasutaro, Jules Brunet, Matsudaira Taro (vice… … Wikipedia
Bataille d'Aizu — 会津戦争 Attaque du château d Aizuwakamatsu durant la bataille d Aizu. Informations générales Date Octobre novembre 1868 Lieu Aizu … Wikipédia en Français
Naval Battle of Miyako Bay — Part of Boshin War The Imperial navy s revolutionary ironclad Kōtetsu was the main target of th … Wikipedia