- Xerxes II of Persia
Xerxes II (Xšayāršā) was a Persian king and the son and successor of
Artaxerxes I. After a reign of forty-five days, he was assassinated in 424 BC by his brother Sogdianus, who in turn was murdered by Darius II. He is an obscure historical figure known primarily from the writings of Ctesias. He was reportedly the only legitimate son of Artaxerxes Iand his Queen Damaspia. He is known to have served as Crown Prince.
The last inscription mentioning Artaxerxes I being alive can be dated to
December 24, 424 BC. Xerxes apparently succeeded to the throne but two of his illegitimate brothers claimed it for themselves. The first was Sogdianus, son by concubineAlogyne of Babylon. The second was Darius II, son by concubineCosmartidene of Babylon, who was married to their common half-sister Parysatis, daughter of Artaxerxes I and his concubineAndia of Babylon.
Xerxes was apparently only recognized in Persia and Sogdianus in
Elam. Ochus' first inscription as Darius II can be dated to January 10, 423 BC. He was already satrapof Hyrcaniaand was soon recognized by Media, Babyloniaand Egypt. Xerxes II only ruled forty five days. He was reportedly murdered while drunk by Pharnacyas, and Menostanes on Sogdianus' orders. Sogdianus apparently gained the support of his regions. Sogdianuswas killed a few months later. Darius II became the sole ruler of the Persian Empireand would reign till 404 BC.
The Bible is unclear whether it is he or his father who is referred to in the book of Esther as Ahasuerus.
* [http://www.livius.org/x/xerxes/xerxes_ii.html A more detailed profile of Xerxes II]
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Xerxes I of Persia — ] , foretelling his invasion of Greece. The reference to Darius the son of Ahasuerus in , in turn corresponding to Babylonian ak. Aḫšiyaršu .All of these names originate with Old Persian pe. Xšayāršā .In the Book of EstherFor these same reasons… … Wikipedia
Xerxes — may refer to these Persian kings: *Xerxes I of Persia, reigned 485 ndash;465 BC, aka (also known as) Xerxes the Great *Xerxes II of Persia, reigned 424 BCXerxes may also refer to: *Xerxes of Armenia, Armenian king, assassinated about 212 BC… … Wikipedia
Xerxes — king of Persia who reigned 486 465 B.C.E., Gk. Xerxes, from O.Pers. XЕЎayarЕЎan, lit. male (i.e. hero ) among kings, from XЕЎaya to rule over (Cf. SHAH (Cf. shah)) + arЕЎan male, man, hero. The Hebrew rendition was Ahashwerosh, Ahashresh … Etymology dictionary
Persia — • The history, religion, and civilization of Persia are offshoots from those of Media. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Persia Persia … Catholic encyclopedia
PERSIA — (Heb. פָּרָס, Paras), empire whose home coincided roughly with that of the province of Fars in modern Iran. Its inhabitants, calling themselves Persians, are first mentioned in Assyrian records of approximately 640 B.C.E. According to these… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Xerxès Ier — le Grand Titre Pharaon d Egypte 486 – 465 Prédécesseur … Wikipédia en Français
Xerxes Ier — Xerxès Ier Grands Rois Achéménides Cyrus II ( 559( 550?)/ 529( 530?)) Cambyse II ( 529/ 522) Bardiya ( 522/ 522) Darius Ier ( 522( 521?)/ 486) … Wikipédia en Français
Xerxes (desambiguación) — Xerxes se refiere a: Jerjes, nombre de dos reyes de la antigua Persia. Il Xerse, ópera de Cavalli (1654) Serse (también conocida como Xerxes), ópera de Händel(1738) Xerxes, músico noruego. Xerxes Rotterdam, equipo de fútbol de los Países Bajos … Wikipedia Español
Xerxes (desambiguación) — Xerxes se refiere a: ● Jerjes I , rey de Persia entre 486 y 465 adC. ● Serse (también conocida como Xerxes), ópera de Haendel … Enciclopedia Universal
Xerxes I — [zʉrk′sēz΄] 519? 465 B.C.; king of Persia (486 465): son of Darius I: called the Great … English World dictionary