Samaritan Aramaic language


Samaritan Aramaic language

Infobox Language
name=Samaritan Aramaic
nativename=ארמית "Arāmît", ܐܪܡܝܐ "Ārāmāyâ"
pronunciation=/arɑmiθ/, /arɑmit/,
/ɑrɑmɑjɑ/, /ɔrɔmɔjɔ/
region=Israel and Palestinian Authority territories, predominantly in Samaria and Holon.
speakers=fewer than 1,000; liturgical only
familycolor=Afro-Asiatic
fam2=Semitic
fam3=West Semitic
fam4=Central Semitic
fam5=Northwest Semitic
fam6=Aramaic
fam7=Western
script=Samaritan alphabet
iso2=sam
iso3=sam

Samaritan Aramaic, or "Samaritan", is the dialect of Aramaic used by the Samaritans in their sacred and scholarly literature. This should not be confused with the Samaritan Hebrew language of the Scriptures. It ceased to be a spoken language some time between the 10th and the 12th centuries.

In form it resembles the Aramaic of the Targumim, the Aramaic word for “interpretation” or “paraphrase”, and is written in the Samaritan alphabet.

Important works written in Samaritan include the Samaritan translation of the Samaritan Hebrew Pentateuch in the form of the targum paraphased version. There are also legal, exegetical and liturgical texts, though later works of the same kind were often written in Arabic.

ample

Exodus XX.1-6:

# Umellel Elâ'e yet kel milleyya aalen elmimar.
# Ana Šema Eluek deppiqtek men ara Mişrem mibbet awadem.
# La ya'i lak ela'en uranem al eppi.
# La tewed lak efsel ukel demu debšumeyya millel wedbaraa millera wedbameyya millera laraa.
# La tisgad lon ula tešememminon ala anaki Šema elaak el qana fuqed ob awaan al banem wel telitaem wel rewi'a'em elsenai.
# Wabed esed lalafem elra'emi welnateri fiqqudi.

Notice the similarities with Judeo-Aramaic as found in Targum Onqelos to this same passage (some expressions below are paraphrased, not literally translated):

# וּמַלֵּיל יְיָ יָת כָּל פִּתְגָמַיָּא הָאִלֵּין לְמֵימַר
# אֲנָא יְיָ אֱלָהָךְ דְּאַפֵּיקְתָּךְ מֵאַרְעָא דְּמִצְרַיִם מִבֵּית עַבְדוּתָא
# לָא יִהְוֵי לָךְ אֱלָהּ אָחֳרָן, בָּר מִנִּי
# לָא תַּעֲבֵיד לָךְ צֵילַם וְכָל דְּמוּ דְּבִשְׁמַיָּא מִלְּעֵילָא וְדִבְאַרְעָא מִלְּרַע וְדִבְמַיָּא מִלְּרַע לְאַרְעָא
# לָא תִּסְגּוֹד לְהוֹן וְלָא תִּפְלְחִנִּין אֲרֵי אֲנָא יְיָ אֱלָהָךְ אֵל קַנָּא מַסְעַר חוֹבֵי אֲבָהָן עַל בְּנִין מָרָדִין עַל דָּר תְּלִיתַאי וְעַל דָּר רְבִיעַאי לְסָנְאָי כַּד מַשְׁלְמִין בְּנַיָּא לְמִחְטֵי בָּתַר אֲבָהָתְהוֹן
# וְעָבֵיד טֵיבוּ לְאַלְפֵי דָּרִין לְרָחֲמַי וּלְנָטְרֵי פִּקּוֹדָי

Bibliography

*J. Rosenberg, "Lehrbuch der samaritanischen Sprache und Literatur", A. Hartleben's Verlag: Wien, Pest, Leipzig.
*Tal, Abraham, "A Dictionary of Samaritan Aramaic": Brill 2000 ISBN 90-04-11645-1


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samaritan Hebrew language — Infobox Language name=Samaritan Hebrew nativename=Hebrew|עברית ‘Ivrit pronunciation= [ʔiwˈʁiθ] region=Israel and Palestinian Authority territories, predominantly in Samaria and Holon. speakers=fewer than 1,000; liturgical only familycolor=Afro… …   Wikipedia

  • Aramaic language — Not to be confused with the Amharic language. For the people, see Aramaeans. Aramaic Arāmît Pronunciation [arɑmiθ], [arɑmit], [ɑrɑmɑjɑ], [ɔrɔmɔjɔ] Spoken in Ir …   Wikipedia

  • Samaritan Aramaic — ISO 639 3 Code : sam ISO 639 2/B Code : sam ISO 639 2/T Code : sam ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Extinct …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Old Aramaic language — For the language used in Hebrew Bible, see Biblical Aramaic. Old Aramaic (up to 700 BCE) Spoken in Ancient Near East Extinct up to 700 BCE Language family Afro Asiatic …   Wikipedia

  • ARAMAIC — ARAMAIC, an ancient northwestern semitic language spoken (to some extent) to this day. The entry is arranged according to the following outline: ancient aramaic and official aramaic sources syria and its neighboring countries iraq and iran egypt… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samaritan Language and Literature — • History of the changes in the language as affected by the changing religious and ethnic culture of the land Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Samaritan Language and Literature     Samaritan Language and …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Aramaic alphabet — Bilingual Greek and Aramaic inscription by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka the Great at Kandahar, 3rd century BC …   Wikipedia

  • Samaritan — Not to be confused with Sarmatians. Samaritans redirects here. For the charity, see Samaritans (charity). For other uses, see Samaritan (disambiguation). Samaritans שומרונים Samaritans on the …   Wikipedia

  • Aramaic of Jesus — Most scholars believe that historical Jesus primarily spoke Aramaic, [cite encyclopedia|encyclopedia=The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary|title=Aramaic|quote=It is generally agreed that Aramaic was the common language of Palestine in the first century A …   Wikipedia

  • HEBREW LANGUAGE — This entry is arranged according to the following scheme: pre biblical biblical the dead sea scrolls mishnaic medieval modern period A detailed table of contents precedes each section. PRE BIBLICAL nature of the evidence the sources phonology… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.