- Ius (Canon Law)
The early law of the Church, especially prior to the First Council of Nicaea in 325 a.d., was largely unwritten, at least in the form of law, but existed in the practices, customs and teachings of the early Christian community. What largely was communicated generation to generation was an oral tradition passed from the apostles to the Bishops, and from Bishops and priests to the faithful through their preaching and way of life. Some of what is included in the term ius would be interpretations of particular scriptural passages, theological understandings of the liturgy and liturgical practices themselves. Evidence for the content of this oral tradition of teaching is found among the writings of the Early Church Fathers as well as in the later legislation of the Church or lex.
Ius is typically understood in contradistinction to lex. The Early Church, which existed more or less under persecution in the Roman Empire prior to Constantine I in the early fourth century, was not in a position to gather large councils for the purpose of legislation or theological clarification prior to 325 a. d. Laws formalized as lex after 325 a.d. are sometimes falsely interpreted as having a "new" content. This is usually not the case. Most Church legislation is either a development of prior teaching, or practice or re-affirmation of teaching or practice unless otherwise expressly stated.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Canon law — is the body of laws regulations made or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for the government of the Christian organization and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law governing the Catholic Church (both Latin Rite and Eastern… … Wikipedia
Lex (Canon law) — Lex is Latin for one sense of the English term, law. In the Canon Law of the Catholic Church, lex refers to law which has been formulated in written form and promulgated by competent authority. While this is the usual sense of law in modern legal … Wikipedia
IUS (disambiguation) — Ius or IUS may refer to one of the following:*IntraUterine System *Ius (Canon Law) *Ius or Jus is the Latin word for: ** Roman law or, in general, the law . ** the spirit of the law; (see Translating law to other European languages). :Derived… … Wikipedia
law — / lȯ/ n [Old English lagu, of Scandinavian origin] 1: a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforced by a controlling authority: as a: a command or provision enacted by a legislature see also statute 1 b:… … Law dictionary
Ius patronatus — Ius patronatus, or in anglicized spelling Jus patronatus, is the term in Roman Catholic canon law for the right of patronage .The right of patronage is a set of rights and obligations entailed upon a definite person, the patron (Latin patronus ) … Wikipedia
Roman law — is the legal system of ancient Rome. As used in the West the term commonly refers to legal developments prior to the Roman/Byzantine state s adopting Greek as its official language in the 7th century. As such the development of Roman law covers… … Wikipedia
Civil law (legal system) — For the article on the area of common law systems dealing with disputes between private parties, see Civil law (common law). Legal Systems of the World Civ … Wikipedia
Natural law — For other uses, see Natural law (disambiguation). Natural law, or the law of nature (Latin: lex naturalis), is any system of law which is purportedly determined by nature, and thus universal. Classically, natural law refers to the use of… … Wikipedia
European Union law — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union … Wikipedia
History of public international law — The history of international law examines the evolution of state practice and the doctrinal developments in international law. In that respect, it is different from international private law and comparative history of constitutional law. Although … Wikipedia