Rejoneador


Rejoneador

Rejoneador ("lancer") is the name given to a bullfighter who fights the bull on horseback. Along with the "picador", a rejoneador is the second type of mounted bullfighter in Spanish bullfighting.

Classic bullfights may also exhibit a rejoneador spectacle preceding the main event but if the "corrida" is made up exclusively of rejoneadores, it is called a "rejoneo" or "corrida de rejones". 'Coridas mixtas' are also popular, where a rejoneador and two matadores (or a rejoneador, matador and novillero - the last of which is an apprentice matador) perform.

The point of the bullfight is to demonstrate the skill and nerve of the rider in controlling both the bull and the horse.

A rejoneo has a scheme identical with the one of classic bullfighting. It has three stages named "tercios":

* The rejoneador receives the bull after it enters the ring. He or she will try to provoke the bull to attack and run after the galloping horse (as in the "suerte de capote"). Then he stabs one or two of "rejones de castigo" ("lances of punishment") into the bull's back. This is analogous to a picador using the "vara" (a long lance) in a standard corrida. A rejón de castigo is a lance that has a flag on its tip that is revealed when it contacts the bull's body. As with the "puyazos" (jabs) of a standard corrida, the rejones de castigo weaken the bull through blood loss to allow the bullfight to evolve to a slower, more artistic stage.
* Following two rejones de castigo, the rejoneador places up to six "banderillas" ("little flags"), harpoon-pointed colourful sticks, on the bull's back. This "tercio" is the parallel of the "tercio de banderillas" in classic bullfighting. The rejoneador may also use smaller banderillas or rosetas, which are even smaller, to show his/her ability to approach the bull. This section of the bullfight is analogous to the faena (the entire performance with the muleta - a small cape used in the last stage of the fight) of a matador. This section of the corrida is where the public will most evaluate the performance. Other displays of skill and nerve include touching the bull's head while it charges and pirouettes and other equestrian tricks.
* Finally the rejoneador kills the bull with a "rejón de muerte" ("lance of death"). The rejón de muerte is a sword shaped into a lance. Ideally the bull dies quickly and cleanly. On some occasions the bullfighter will need a second attempt. On others the rejoneador will kill the bull on foot by the traditional way with "muleta" and "estoca", or perhaps more frequently will 'finish off' a slow-dying bull with the descabello (final thrust, or "coup de grâce"). This is a special sword designed to sever the nerves entering the head. This is also used in an analogous way by matadores facing a slow-dying bull in standard corridas.

Rejoneadors often use several horses during a performance. They are of various single and mixed breeds. Typically the rider has at least one of each of the following horses:

* A parade horse - physically attractive and disciplined
* A horse for the first tercio (entrance of bull) - very fast and brave.
* A horse for the second tercio (banderillas) - fast, agile, and a natural instinct for fooling the bull
* A horse for the third tercio (death of bull) - very steady

The horses are trained and skilled in dressage. A rejoneador's usual costume consists of a dark waistcoat (usually brown or grey), brown leather chaps and a broad, straight-brimmed hat.

Accidents are rare. Occasionally a horse is injured or even killed. Recently (April 2007) the renowned rejoneador Pablo Hermosa de Mendoza broke his leg in a "cogida" in Osuna (Andalucia) that prevented him taking part in the Festival of San Isidro, which, along with Seville's Feria de Abril, is one of the art's most important fairs. Fortunately the horse was not injured and he is expected to recover fully.

"Cavaleiros"

"Cavaleiros" (horsemen) are mounted bullfighters in a traditional Portuguese bullfighting. For the Portuguese "corrida de touros" does not follow the scheme of the Spanish bullfighting, they only stick the "bandarilhas" on the bull's back. Then, they will leave the ring for the performance of "forcados". However, Portuguese cavaleiros are also named "rejoneadores" in Spain. When a Portuguese rejoneador performs in Spain it will take the form of the Spanish bullfight. The only discernible difference is the costume. Cavaleiros are the stars of a standard Portuguese bullfight as opposed to Spain, where in the standard corrida the "matadores" are the most prominent bullfighters. (In a 'corrida mixta' (mixed bullfight) or a 'corrida de rejones' (horseback bullfight) the rejoneador whose turn it is is the star). The costume of the cavaleiros is a flamboyant one, reminiscent of the clothing of 18th century aristocrats. The breed of horses they use is Lusitano. Since bullfighting is seen mainly as an equestrian event in Portugal, cavaleiros have developed their work into an art.

"Notable active rejoneadors"

Pablo zendejas foyo
*Pablo Hermosa de Mendoza
*Diego Ventura
*Fermín Bohorquez
*Leanardo Hernandez
*Andy Cartegena
*Joao Moura (Portuguese)


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