Louis II of Hungary


Louis II of Hungary

Louis Jagiellon (July 1, 1506, Buda (now Budapest), Hungary – August 29, 1526 in Mohács, Hungary) was King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia from 1516 to 1526.

Early life

Louis was the son of Ladislaus V Jagiellon and his third wife, Anne de Foix.

After his father's death in 1516, the minor Louis II ascended to the throne of Hungary and Bohemia upon his father's death. Louis had been adopted by Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I in 1515. When Maximilian I died in 1519, Louis was raised by his legal guardian, his cousin Georg von Hohenzollern, margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

Reign

Louis owed allegiance to the Imperial Habsburgs as a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.

In 1522 Louis II was married to Mary of Habsburg, a Habsburg princess, granddaughter of Maximilian I, as stipulated by the First Congress of Vienna in 1515. His sister Anne was married to Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, then a governor on behalf of his brother Charles V, and later Emperor Ferdinand I.

On 29 August, 1526, Louis was killed in the Battle of Mohács while leading his forces against Suleiman the Magnificent of the Ottoman Empire. He had no legitimate children. Ferdinand and Anne succeeded Louis in his Kingdom of Bohemia, but Hungary, largely conquered by the Turks, was further put into succession dispute between János Szapolyai on one hand and Ferdinand and Anne on the other.

Ancestry

Jagiellons in Natural Line

Although Louis II's marriage remained childless, he probably had an illegitimate offspring with his mother's former lady-in-waiting, Angelitha Wass before his marriage. This child was called John (János in Hungarian) and his name appears in the sources of the Chamber in Vienna as either János Wass or János Lanthos, which can refer to the fact that he used his mother's name first, then that of his 'jobs's', Lanthos that means 'lutanist, bard'. He received incomes from Royal Treasury regularly. He had further offsprings.

References

Bibliography

*Takáts, Sándor: II. Lajos király fia (A Son of King Louis II Jagiellon), "Századok" ("Periodical Centuries"), pp. 183-185, 1903

Names in other languages

* _hu. II. Lajos
* _de. Ludwig II.
* _cs. Ludvík
* _sk. Ľudovít II
* _hr. Ludovik II.
* _pl. Ludwik II.

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