- Cammell Laird
Cammell Laird, one of the most famous names in British
shipbuildingduring the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, came about following the merger of Laird, Son & Co. of Birkenheadand Johnson Cammell & Co. of Sheffieldat the turn of the twentieth century.
William Laird had founded the Birkenhead Iron Works in 1824 and was joined by his son,
John Lairdin 1828. John realised that the techniques of making boilers could be applied to making ships. The company soon became pre-eminent in the manufacture of iron ships and made major advances in propulsion.
Johnson Cammell & Co. was founded by Charles Cammell and Henry and
Thomas Johnson. The company made, amongst many other metal products, iron wheels and rails for Britain's railways.
In 1903 the businesses of Messrs. Cammell and Laird merged to create a company at the forefront of shipbuilding. Between 1829 and 1947, over 1,100 vessels of all kinds were launched from the Cammell Laird slipways into the
River Mersey. Among the many famous ships made by the companies were the world's first steel ship, the "Ma Roberts", built in 1858 for Dr. Livingstone's Zambeziexpedition, Cunard's second "Mauretania" of 1939, and the first all-welded ship, the "Fullagar" built in the 1920s.
The post Second World War years were turbulent for Cammell Laird.
It was nationalised along with the rest of the British shipbuilding industry as
British Shipbuildersin 1977. In 1986, it returned to the private sector as part of VSEL another of the nationalised companies. VSEL and Cammell Laird were the only British shipyards capable of production of nuclear submarines. In 1993, it completed HMS "Unicorn" (S43) – now HMCS "Windsor" (SSK 877) – that to this day that is the last ship completed at the yard.
After experiencing financial difficulties, partly due to the failure of a £50 million cruise ship contract with Costa Crociere, the company was forced to enter receivership, and the
Birkenhead, Gosport, Teessideand Tynesideshipyards were subsequently acquired by the A&P Shiprepair Group during 2001. [ [http://www.oft.gov.uk/advice_and_resources/resource_base/Mergers_home/mergers_fta/mergers_fta_advice/a-and-p Office of Fair Trading] ] A&P has since sold the 140-acre Birkenhead site to Northwestern Shiprepairers in 2003, but continue to operate the other three yards as an integral part of their ship repair and conversion operations. The Cammell Laird brand continues to survive today through the Royal Dockyardfacility in Gibraltar, which was acquired through a management buy-out in 2001.
Peel Holdings purchased the Cammell Laird shipyard, in January 2007, to facilitate the proposed
Wirral Watersdevelopment. [ [http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-29333222_ITMfirstname.lastname@example.org&library= "Wirral Waters scheme"] , Planning (UK), 12 January 2007]
In 2007, it was announced that the current occupiers of Cammell Laird Dock, Northwestern Shiprepairers and Shipbuilders has acquired the rights to the name [ [http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/2007/10/24/cammell-laird-name-returns-to-the-mersey-64375-19999926/ "Liverpool Daily Post" article] ] .
In February 2008 it was announced that the company had won a £28m Ministry of Defence contract to overhaul the
Royal Fleet Auxiliaryship RFA "Fort Rosalie". [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/merseyside/7270417.stm "BBC Website"] ] .
Cammell Laird Gibraltar
Grayson Rollo and Clover Docks
* [http://www.oceanlinermuseum.co.uk/Cammell%20Laird%20Shipbuilders%20to%20the%20World.htm Cammell Laird: Shipbuilders to the World (1824 - 1993)]
* [http://www.wirral-libraries.net/archives/cl_archive.htm Wirral Archives: Cammell Laird]
* [http://www.lairds1907.com Cammell Laird Football Club]
* [http://www.gwpda.org/naval/dkbkpl32.jpg1909 Map of Cammell Laird Docks]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cammell Laird — Тип частная компания Год основания 1828 Расположение … Википедия
Cammell Laird F.C. — Infobox Football club clubname = Cammell Laird fullname = Cammell Laird Football Club nickname = The Lairds, The Camels founded = 1907 (as Cammell Laird Institute) ground = Kirklands Stadium Rock Ferry Birkenhead capacity = 1,500 chairman =… … Wikipedia
Cammell Laird — 53° 23′ 17″ N 3° 00′ 39″ W / 53.388, 3.01087 … Wikipédia en Français
Cammell Laird Gibraltar — is a ship repair facility at Gibraltar.HistoryThe dockyard in Gibraltar was built at the end of the 19th century; three large graving docks to be known as docks Number 1, 2 and 3 were built.Number three dock was the first to open in 1904 and was… … Wikipedia
Cammell, Laird & Company — RMS Mauretania (1939) Cammell, Laird Company ist ein 1903 gegründetes Schiffbauunternehmen in Birkenhead am Fluss Mersey. Die Werft lieferte im Jahre 1920 mit der Fullagar das weltweit erste vollständig geschweißte Seeschiff ab. Der aus den 1824… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cammell Laird Social Club — Infobox Album | Name = Cammell Laird Social Club Type = Album Artist = Half Man Half Biscuit Released = 2002 Label = Probe Plus Producer = Mark Walker (engineer) Last album = Trouble Over Bridgwater (2000) This album = Cammell Laird Social Club… … Wikipedia
Список кораблей и судов, построенных компанией Cammell Laird — Основная статья: Cammell Laird Пополняемый список кораблей и судов, построенных компанией Cammell Laird. Содержание 1 Авианосцы 2 Авианесущие торговые суда … Википедия
Laird Brothers — war ein 1824 gegründetes Schiffbauunternehmen in Birkenhead am Fluss Mersey. Die Werft fusionierte im Jahre 1903 mit der Charles Cammell Co. zu Cammell, Laird Company. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 1.1 Die Anfänge 1.2 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Laird (disambiguation) — Laird may refer to:People with the surname Laird: *Laird (surname);Places: *Laird, Ontario, Canada *Laird, Saskatchewan, Canada *Laird, Colorado, USA *Laird Hill, Texas, USA *Laird Township, Michigan, USA *Penn Laird, Virginia, USA;Other: *Laird… … Wikipedia
Laird (Begriffsklärung) — Laird bezeichnet einen schottischen Titel, siehe Laird Laird Brothers, eine Werft in England (siehe auch: Cammell Laird) den Familiennamen folgender Personen: Anne Laird (* 1970), schottische Curlerin David Laird (1833–1914), kanadischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia