- Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park
Ordesa y Monte Perdido National ParkIUCN Category II (National Park) Location Pyrenees of Huesca, Spain Nearest city Jaca Coordinates Coordinates: Area 156.08 km² Established 1918 Governing body Spanish Ministry of Environment.
Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park is an IUCN Category II National Park situated in the Pyrenees of Huesca province, Aragon, Spain. There has been a National Park in the Ordesa Valley since 1918. Its protected area was enlarged in 1982 to cover the whole region amounting to 156.08 km².
At elevations up to 1,500-1,700 meters, there are extensive forests of beeches (Fagus sylvatica), Abies alba, pines (Pinus sylvestris), oaks (Quercus subpyrenaica), and a lesser extent of birches (Betula pendula), ashes (Fraxinus excelsior), willows (Salix angustifolia). At higher elevations up to 2,000 m, the mountain pine (Pinus uncinata) dominates. Up to 1,800 m, bushes of boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) are found. In the high meadows from 1,700 to 3,000 meters, there are numerous endemisms including Borderea pyrenaica, Campanula cochleariifolia, Ramonda myconi, Silene borderei, Androsace cylindrica, Pinguicula longifolia, Petrocoptis crassifolia, etc. The Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum), is one of the symbols of the National Park.
The most important species of the Park was the bucardo or Pyrenean Ibex, which unfortunately became extinct in January 2000 in spite of the preservation efforts. The Pyrenean Chamois is a type of goat. There are other species such as the marmot, boar and the Pyrenean Desman or water-mole (Galemys pyrenaicus), and great birds like the golden eagle, the griffon vulture, hawks, and the royal owl.
Many illustrious persons have been fond of the places in this region and have expounded their virtues. Luciano Briet, Soler i Santaló and Lucas Mallada helped promote the reputation of the region and obtain protected status for it.
An area of 21 square kilometres containing the Ordesa Valley was declared a National Park on 16 August 1918 by a Royal Decree. On 13 July 1982, it was enlarged to its current 156.08 km² and its official name was changed to Parque nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido.
North face of La Brèche de Roland
- ^ "Pyrenees-Mont Perdu". United Nations Environment Program - World Conservation Monitoring Centre. January 2000. Archived from the original on 2008-07-18. http://web.archive.org/web/20080718175546/http://www.unep-wcmc.org/sites/wh/mtperdu.html. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
- Official website, from the Spanish Ministry of Environment
- Website of the flora and fauna of the Pyrenees including Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park
- Google Maps image
- Information on the glaciers of the Ordesa y Monte Perdido National Park
- Birding itinerary and sounds of Ordesa National Park
National parks of Spain National parks Proposed World Heritage Sites in SpainFor official site names, see each article or the List of World Heritage Sites in Spain. North West North East Community of Madrid Centre
Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida · Archaeological Site of Atapuerca · Ávila with its Extra-mural Churches · Burgos Cathedral · Cáceres · Cuenca · Las Médulas · Rock-Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula1 · Route of Santiago de Compostela1 · Salamanca · Santa María de Guadalupe · Segovia and its Aqueduct · Toledo · Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde
Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco, Tarragona · Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí · Ibiza (Biodiversity and Culture) · Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona · Palmeral of Elche · Poblet Monastery · Rock-Art of the Mediterranean Basin on the Iberian Peninsula1 · Silk Exchange in Valencia · Works of Antoni Gaudí
South Canary Islands1 Shared with other region/s · 2 Shared with France
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