Grasse


Grasse

Grasse

Grasse2.JPG
Coat of arms of Grasse
Grasse is located in France
{{{alt}}}
Grasse
Administration
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Intercommunality Pôle Azur Provence
Mayor Jean-Pierre Leleux
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 80–1,061 m (260–3,481 ft)
(avg. 333 m/1,093 ft)
Land area1 44.44 km2 (17.16 sq mi)
Population2 51,580  (2008)
 - Density 1,161 /km2 (3,010 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06069/ 06130
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 43°40′00″N 6°55′00″E / 43.6667°N 6.9167°E / 43.6667; 6.9167

Grasse (French pronunciation: [ɡʁas]; Provençal Occitan: Grassa in classical norm (and Italian) or Grasso in Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department (of which it is a sub-prefecture), on the French Riviera.

The town is considered the world's capital of perfume.[1] It obtained two flowers in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris contest [2] and was made "Ville d'Art et d'Histoire" (town of art and history).[3]


Contents

Sights

View of Grasse at night

Grasse's main attraction is the Cathedral, dedicated to Notre Dame du Puy and founded in the 11th century.

In the interior, are three works by Rubens and one by Jean-Honoré Fragonard, a French painter native of the town.

Other sights include:

  • Saracen Tower, standing at 30 m.
  • monumental gate of the Hôtel de ville
  • Fragonard Museum, established in 1921
  • International Museum of Perfume
  • Musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Provence
  • Church of Placassier, built in 1644

Festivals

There is an annual Fête du Jasmin or La Jasminade, at the beginning of August.

The first festival was on the 3 August–4 August 1946.

These days, it is a big event; decorated floats drive through the town, with young women in skimpy costumes on board, throwing flowers onto the crowds.

This is known as the 'flower battle' and everyone gets soaked by the natural perfume of the flowers.

There are also fireworks, free parties, folk music groups and street performers. There is also an annual international exhibition of roses ("Expo Rose").

Transport

The Gare de Grasse railway station offers connections with Cannes, Nice and Ventimiglia.

Personalities

Villa Musée Fragonard (Grasse)

Grasse was the birthplace of:

  • Gazan de la Peyrière, general who fought under Napoleon
  • Albert Charpin, painter

Grasse was the death place of:

Perfume

Bronze Parfumeur (Grasse)
Fragonard Diamant (Grasse)
  • Grasse has had a prospering perfume industry since the end of the 18th century.
  • Grasse is the center of the French perfume industry and is known as the world's perfume capital (la capitale mondiale des parfums).
  • Many "noses" (or, in French, "Les nez" (plural)/"Le nez" (singular)) are trained or have spent time in Grasse to distinguish over 2,000 kinds of scent.
  • Grasse produces over two-thirds of France's natural aromas (for perfume and for food flavourings).
  • Grasse's particular microclimate encouraged the flower farming industry.
  • It is warm and sufficiently inland to be sheltered from the sea air.
  • There is an abundance of water, thanks to its situation in the hills and the 1860 construction of the Siagne canal for irrigation purposes.
  • The town is 350 m (1,148.29 ft) above sea level and 20 km (12 mi) from the Coast (Côte d'Azur).
  • Jasmine, a key ingredient of many perfumes, was brought to southern France by the Moors in the 16th century.
  • Twenty-seven tonnes of jasmine are now harvested in Grasse annually.
  • There are numerous old 'parfumeries' in Grasse, such as Molinard, Fragonard and Galimard, each with tours and a museum.

Cultural references

The town is the setting in the final chapters of the novel Perfume by Patrick Süskind. It was also featured in the film based on the novel Perfume: The Story of a Murderer (2006).

International relations

Grasse is twinned with:

  • Tunisia L'Ariana, Tunisia

Population

Historical population of Grasse
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856
11,604 12,521 12,262 12,553 12,716 12,825 10,906 11,676 11,802 11,764
1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906
12,015 12,241 12,560 13,087 12,087 12,157 14,015 15,020 15,429 20,305
1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975
19,704 16,923 19,765 21,027 20,481 21,217 22,187 26,258 30,907 34,579
1982 1990 1999 2008
37,673 41,388 43,874 51,580

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grasse — Grasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Grasse — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grasse —     François Joseph Paul Grasse     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► François Joseph Paul Grasse     Count and Marquess de Grasse Tilly, lieutenant general of the naval forces; b. near Toulon, 1723; d. at Paris, 11 January, 1788. His family was one of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • GRASSÉ (P.-P.) — Pierre Paul GRASSÉ 1895 1985 Savant hors de pair, Pierre Paul Grassé, né à Périgueux le 27 novembre 1895, fut un des rares naturalistes à qui n’échappa aucun domaine du monde vivant, aucun problème que celui ci soulève. Ce qui caractérise son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grasse — (spr. graß ), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Seealpen, 325 m ü. M., am Südabhang des Rocavignon, an der Mittelmeerbahn (Cannes G.) und der Lokalbahn Meyrargues Nizza reizend gelegen, besuchter Winterkurort, mit herrlichem Klima, hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grasse —   [gras], Stadt und Luftkurort im Département Alpes Maritimes, Frankreich, in der Provence, nordwestlich von Cannes, 333 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 41 300 Einwohner; ein Weltzentrum der Parfümherstellung mit 700 ha Blumenkulturen (Rosen, Jasmin …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Grasse [1] — Grasse, François Joseph Paul, Graf von G., Marquis de G. Tilly, geb. 1723; nahm früh Seedienste, wurde 1779 Chef d escadre, stieß zu dem Grafen Estaing auf der Höhe von Martinique, wohnte der Seeschlacht auf den Höhen von Neu Granada bei u. focht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grasse [2] — Grasse, la, 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Var; 231/2 QM., 67,000 Ew. in 8 Cantonen; 2) Hauptstadt darin; Kathedrale (3 Kuppeln über einander), Handelsgericht, Collége, [553] Seiden , Seifen u. Parfümeriefabriken, Conditorwaaren,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grässe — Grässe, Joh. Georg Theod., geb. 1814 in Grimma, studirte seit 1832 in Leipzig Philologie, wurde Collaborator an der Kreuzschule in Dresden, 1843 Privatbibliothekar des Königs u. 1848 Inspector des Münzcabinets daselbst; er schr.: Lehrbuch einer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grässe — Grässe, Johann Georg Theodor, Bibliograph und Literarhistoriker, geb. 31. Jan. 1814 in Grimma, gest. 27. Aug. 1885 in Wackerbarthsruhe bei Dresden, studierte in Leipzig unter Hermann Philologie und lief; sich dann in Dresden nieder, wo er 1843… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grässe — Grässe, Theodor, Bibliograph und Literarhistoriker, geb. 31. Jan. 1814 zu Grimma, 1871 82 Direktor des Grünen Gewölbes zu Dresden, gest. 27. Aug. 1885 in Wackerbarthsruhe; Hauptwerke: »Lehrbuch einer allgemeinen Literargeschichte« (9 Tle., 1837… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon