Geithain


Geithain

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
image_photo =
Wappen = Wappen_Geithain.pnglat_deg = 51 |lat_min = 3
lon_deg = 12 |lon_min = 41
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Sachsen
Regierungsbezirk = Leipzig
Landkreis = Leipzig
Verwaltungsgemeinschaft = Geithain
Höhe = 225
Fläche = 30.18
Einwohner = 6347
Stand = 2005-12-31
PLZ = 04643
Vorwahl = 034341
Kfz = L
Gemeindeschlüssel = 14 3 79 230
Gliederung = 6
Straße = Markt 11
Adresse-Verband = Markt 11
Website = [http://www.geithain.de/ www.geithain.de]
Bürgermeister = Heinz Herzog

Geithain is a town in the Leipzig district, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany.

Geography

Geithain is situated 30 km northwest of Chemnitz, and 40 km southeast of Leipzig. It lies in hilly country by the wooded area Wickershain and the river Eula.

History

Development of the town

The first documented mention of the town was in the year 1186 in a document, which described the donation of earnings from the Wickershainer Marion Church to the Bishop of Merseburg through the Duke Dedo von Rochlitz.

The name of the town has its origins in the Old Sorbian word "Chytan" (Chyten) and describes the place of Chyten, where "Chyt" (Chit) is a Sorbian first name.

In 1209 there was another documented mention of Geithain and the already established Nicolai Church. In this year the establishment of a hospital and a chapel (of St. James) was ordered by Konrad II of Groitzsch(1190-1210), the Margrave of Lausitz. Also, although Geithain is described as a town in this document, a charter with the first Mayor (Silvester Phil) is first evident for the year 1335. From 1346 cisterns and wooden water conduits were constructed in Geithain, which were used until 1904.

Gaithain was administered in the Middle Ages by a Vogt, who had his seat in the Freihof, first mentioned in 1349. The Geithain powder-tower, today one of the sights of the town, was part of the Freihof and was inserted with this into the town's fortifications.

In World War II the town had 219 dead. On the 13th April 1945 alone 13 people were killed in a single air raid on the town. The target of the of the low flying aircraft was the railway station. On the 14th April the second World War ended for Geithain with the arrival of the American troops.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Geithain — Geithain,   Stadt im Landkreis Leipziger Land, Sachsen, 230 m über dem Meeresspiegel, im Süden der Leipziger Tieflandsbucht, 7 300 Einwohner; Herstellung von Emailgeschirr, Musikelektronik, Ziegelwerke.   Stadtbild …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Geithain — Geithain, 1) Gerichtsamt im königlich sächsischen Kreisdirectionsbezirk Leipzig mit 8438 Ew. in 1 Stadt u. 22 Dörfern; 2) Amtsstadt darin, Weberei, Töpferei, Kalkbrüche; 3270 Ew. Hauptbrände 1444, 1452 durch die Hussiten, 1616, 1670, 1700, 1719,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Geithain — Geithain, Stadt in der sächs. Kreish. Leipzig, Amtsh. Borna, an der Eula, Knotenpunkt der Staatsbahnlinien Leipzig Kieritzsch Chemnitz und G. Lausigk Leipzig der Sächsischen Staatsbahn, 231 m ü. M., hat eine alte evang. Kirche im romanischen Stil …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Geithain — Geithain, Stadt in der sächs. Kreish. Leipzig, (1900) 3710 E., Amtsgericht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Geithain — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geithain — 51° 03′ 00″ N 12° 41′ 00″ E / 51.05, 12.6833 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Geithain — Original name in latin Geithain Name in other language Geithain State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 51.05528 latitude 12.69674 altitude 229 Population 6459 Date 2012 09 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Geithain — Geithain1 hat zwei Seiten, in der Mitte einen grossen Plan und hinten und vorn ist nichts dran. – Sachsengrün, Jahrg. 1861, Nr. 20, S. 228. 1) Eine Stadt im Königreich Sachsen, Kreis Leipzig …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Geschichte der Stadt Geithain — Die Geschichte der Stadt Geithain, etwa auf halber Strecke zwischen den sächsischen Großstädten Leipzig und Chemnitz gelegen, wurde insbesondere durch das Wirken der sächsischen Markgrafen, Herzöge, Kurfürsten und Könige aus dem Geschlecht der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kreis Geithain — Basisdaten[1] Bezirk der DDR Leipzig Kreisstadt Geithain Fläche 272 km² (1989) Einwohner 35.413 (1989) Bevölkerungsdichte 130 Einwoh …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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