Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public


Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public

On March 29, 1983, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union has approved the resolution 101/62ГС to "Support the proposition of the Department of Propaganda of the Central Committee and the KGB USSR about the creation of the Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public..." (AZCSP, Russian language: Антисионистский комитет советской общественности, АКСО).

"From the Soviet Leadership"

On April 1, 1983, the CPSU official newspaper "Pravda" ran full front page article titled "From the Soviet leadership":: "...By its nature, Zionism concentrates ultra-nationalism, chauvinism and racial intolerance, excuse for territorial occupation and annexation, military opportunism, cult of political promiscuousness and irresponsibility, demagogy and ideological diversion, dirty tactics and perfidy... Absurd are attempts of Zionist ideologists to present criticizing them, or condemning the aggressive politics of the Israel's ruling circles, as antisemitic... We call on all Soviet citizens: workers, peasants, representatives of intelligentsia: take active part in exposing Zionism, strongly rebuke its endeavors; social scientists: activate scientific research to criticize reactionary core of that ideology and aggressive character of its political practice; writers, artists, journalists: fuller expose anti-populace and anti-humane diversionary character of propaganda and politics of Zionism..." (highlights preserved)

Background and history

By 1983, the Soviet regime needed a new propaganda weapon in the Cold War, as well as against increasingly active internal dissident movement, to arrest or discredit the mass emigration of Soviet Jews and to alleviate the Arab concerns about its effects to Israel's demographics. By dramatic step-up of "anti-Zionist" activities, the AZSCP was designed to solve these problems.

The ethnic Jews made its core. Using Jews to destroy Jewish culture and institutions was a proven tactics to avoid accusations of anti-Semitism.(See, for example, Yevsektsiya or Judenrat). Unofficially, they were known as the "pocket Jews", a derogative implying their corruption by high positions in the hierarchy.

David Abramovich Dragunsky, Colonel-General, twice the Hero of the Soviet Union, the World War II hero (he was the commander of the 55th Guards Tank Brigade), well known inside the country and abroad, was designated its chairman.

The writers who specialized in the Soviet-invented and sponsored doctrine of "Zionology" ("сионология") considered any expressions of Jewishness as Zionist and therefore subject to being stamped out. In November 1975, the leading Soviet historian academic M. Korostovtsev wrote a letter to the Secretary of the Central Committee, Mikhail Suslov, regarding the book "The encroaching counterrevolution" by prominent Zionologist Vladimir Begun: "...it perceptibly stirs up anti-Semitism under the flag of anti-Zionism".

In addition to propaganda in the mass media and publishing, the AZSCP projects included "International symposium on contemporary problems of anti-Zionism" and preparation for "International anti-Zionist congress".

By the end of the 1980s, with the new policies of glasnost and perestroika, and with impending collapse of the Soviet Union, the old Soviet regime had lost its stability and many of those plans had to be cancelled. Finally it was dismantled in October 1994.

Some materials produced by the AZCSP were used by ultra-nationalist groups such as Pamyat.

List of members

*David Dragunsky, chairman — Colonel-General, Hero of the Soviet Union (twice)
*S.L. Zivs, v.c. — a doctor of jurisprudence
*M.B. Krupkin, v.c. — vice-chairman of "Agenstvo Pechati Novosti" (APN) publishing house, director of department of "Literaturnaya Gazeta"
*Maya Plisetskaya — a ballerina (ordered in under the threat of having her passport withdrawn otherwise, i.e., being banned from performances outside of the USSR)Fact|date=August 2007
*I.P. Belyayev — a doctor of economics
*Yury A. Kolesnikov — a writer
*M.I. Kabachnik, an academician, Hero of Socialist Labor
*T.I. Oizerman, an academician
*V.N. Kudryavtsev — a member of the Academy of sciences of the USSR
*Matvei I. Blanter — a composer, Hero of Socialist Labor
*Angelina Stepanova — an artist, Hero of Socialist Labor
*Tatiana Lioznova — a film director, the State Award nominee
*B.S. Sheinin — a cinematographer
*A.K. Marinich — a director of a kolkhoz, Hero of Socialist Labor
*G.B. Gofman — a writer, Hero of the Soviet Union
*Caesar Solodar — a writer
*A. Vergelis — a poet
*Andre Dementyev — a poet
*G.O. Zimanas — a professorand others.

ee also

*Anti-Semitism
*Anti-Zionism
*History of the Jews in Russia and Soviet Union
*Jackson-Vanik amendment
*Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee
*Doctors' plot
*Rootless cosmopolitan
*Yevsektsiya

External links

* [http://www.sem40.ru/anti/history/1501/ The infamous AZCSP (in Russian)] Prepared by Moscow Bureau for human rights. Contains excerpts from June 6, 1983 AZSCP press-conference from the press-center of Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

References

*ISBN 3-7186-5740-6 "Russian Antisemitism, Pamyat and the Demonology of Zionism (Studies in Antisemitism)" by William Korey


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antisemitism in the Soviet Union — Antisemitism Part of Jewish history …   Wikipedia

  • Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union — Soviet Union …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet Union and the Arab–Israeli conflict — The Soviet Union played a significant role in the Arab Israeli conflict as the conflict was a major part of the Cold War. For related developments after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, see Russia and the Arab Israeli conflict .Marxism… …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-Zionism — This article is about opposition to and criticism of Zionism. For criticism of Israeli policy, see Criticism of the Israeli government. See also: Timeline of Anti Zionism Anti Zionism is opposition to Zionistic views or opposition to the state of …   Wikipedia

  • The Protocols of the Elders of Zion — ( Protocols of the wise men of Zion , Library of Congress s Uniform Title; ru. Протоколы сионских мудрецов , or Сионские протоколы ; see also other titles) is an antisemitic tract alleging a Jewish and Masonic plot to achieve world domination. It …   Wikipedia

  • Anti-Defamation League — For other uses, see Anti Defamation League (disambiguation). Anti Defamation League Logo of the Anti Defamation League Motto To stop the defamation of the Jewish people…to secure justice and fair treatment to all. Formatio …   Wikipedia

  • ZIONIST CONGRESSES — ZIONIST CONGRESSES, the highest authority in the Zionist Organization; created by theodor herzl . None of the previous attempts to convene general assemblies of the Jewish national movement, some of which were successful and some abortive,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE (ADL) — ANTI DEFAMATION LEAGUE (ADL). The Anti Defamation League (originally The Anti Defamation League of B nai B rith ) was founded in 1913 in reaction to the crude and overt antisemitism of the period, specifically to the leo frank case. The ADL s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • The Holocaust — Holocaust and Shoah redirect here. For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). Selection on …   Wikipedia

  • THE EVENTS — introduction European Jewry in the Early 1930s Germany in the Early 1930s the expansion of the reich …   Encyclopedia of Judaism