- Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public
March 29, 1983, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unionhas approved the resolution 101/62ГС to "Support the proposition of the Department of Propaganda of the Central Committee and the KGB USSRabout the creation of the Anti-Zionist Committee of the Soviet Public..." (AZCSP, Russian language: Антисионистский комитет советской общественности, АКСО).
"From the Soviet Leadership"
April 1, 1983, the CPSU official newspaper " Pravda" ran full front page article titled "From the Soviet leadership":: "...By its nature, Zionism concentrates ultra-nationalism, chauvinism and racial intolerance, excuse for territorial occupation and annexation, military opportunism, cult of political promiscuousness and irresponsibility, demagogy and ideological diversion, dirty tactics and perfidy... Absurd are attempts of Zionist ideologists to present criticizing them, or condemning the aggressive politics of the Israel's ruling circles, as antisemitic... We call on all Soviet citizens: workers, peasants, representatives of intelligentsia: take active part in exposing Zionism, strongly rebuke its endeavors; social scientists: activate scientific research to criticize reactionary core of that ideology and aggressive character of its political practice; writers, artists, journalists: fuller expose anti-populace and anti-humane diversionary character of propaganda and politics of Zionism..." (highlights preserved)
Background and history
By 1983, the Soviet regime needed a new propaganda weapon in the
Cold War, as well as against increasingly active internal dissidentmovement, to arrest or discredit the mass emigration of Soviet Jews and to alleviate the Arabconcerns about its effects to Israel's demographics. By dramatic step-up of "anti-Zionist" activities, the AZSCP was designed to solve these problems.
The ethnic Jews made its core. Using
Jewsto destroy Jewishculture and institutions was a proven tactics to avoid accusations of anti-Semitism.(See, for example, Yevsektsiyaor Judenrat). Unofficially, they were known as the "pocket Jews", a derogative implying their corruption by high positions in the hierarchy. David Abramovich Dragunsky, Colonel-General, twice the Hero of the Soviet Union, the World War IIhero (he was the commander of the 55th Guards Tank Brigade), well known inside the country and abroad, was designated its chairman.
The writers who specialized in the Soviet-invented and sponsored doctrine of "
Zionology" ("сионология") considered any expressions of Jewishness as Zionist and therefore subject to being stamped out. In November 1975, the leading Soviet historian academic M. Korostovtsev wrote a letter to the Secretary of the Central Committee, Mikhail Suslov, regarding the book "The encroaching counterrevolution" by prominent Zionologist Vladimir Begun: "...it perceptibly stirs up anti-Semitism under the flag of anti-Zionism".
In addition to propaganda in the mass media and publishing, the AZSCP projects included "International symposium on contemporary problems of anti-Zionism" and preparation for "International anti-Zionist congress".
By the end of the 1980s, with the new policies of
glasnostand perestroika, and with impending collapse of the Soviet Union, the old Soviet regime had lost its stability and many of those plans had to be cancelled. Finally it was dismantled in October 1994.
Some materials produced by the AZCSP were used by
ultra-nationalistgroups such as Pamyat.
List of members
David Dragunsky, chairman — Colonel-General, Hero of the Soviet Union (twice)
*S.L. Zivs, v.c. — a doctor of jurisprudence
*M.B. Krupkin, v.c. — vice-chairman of "Agenstvo Pechati Novosti" (APN) publishing house, director of department of "Literaturnaya Gazeta"
Maya Plisetskaya— a ballerina(ordered in under the threat of having her passportwithdrawn otherwise, i.e., being banned from performances outside of the USSR)Fact|date=August 2007
*I.P. Belyayev — a doctor of economics
*Yury A. Kolesnikov — a writer
*M.I. Kabachnik, an academician, Hero of Socialist Labor
*T.I. Oizerman, an academician
*V.N. Kudryavtsev — a member of the Academy of sciences of the USSR
*Matvei I. Blanter — a composer, Hero of Socialist Labor
Angelina Stepanova— an artist, Hero of Socialist Labor
Tatiana Lioznova— a film director, the State Award nominee
*B.S. Sheinin — a cinematographer
*A.K. Marinich — a director of a
kolkhoz, Hero of Socialist Labor
*G.B. Gofman — a writer, Hero of the Soviet Union
*Caesar Solodar — a writer
*A. Vergelis — a poet
*Andre Dementyev — a poet
*G.O. Zimanas — a professorand others.
History of the Jews in Russia and Soviet Union
Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee
* [http://www.sem40.ru/anti/history/1501/ The infamous AZCSP (in Russian)] Prepared by Moscow Bureau for human rights. Contains excerpts from June 6, 1983 AZSCP press-conference from the press-center of Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
*ISBN 3-7186-5740-6 "Russian Antisemitism, Pamyat and the Demonology of Zionism (Studies in Antisemitism)" by William Korey
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