General quarters

General quarters

Listen
filename=General quarters.ogg
title=General quarters
description=A call to general quarters aboard a United States Navy vessel.
format=Ogg

General Quarters is an announcement made aboard a naval warship to signal the crew to prepare for battle.

When the call to General Quarters (GQ) is made, the crew prepares the ship to join battle. Off-duty or sleeping crewmembers report to their stations and prepare for action. Watertight doors between bulkheads are shut and security is increased around sensitive areas such as the bridge and engineering rooms.

While the term 'General Quarters' is used in navies such as the United States Navy, other navies, such as the Royal Navy use the term 'Action Stations'. In French, the term is "Aux postes de combats" ("to combat stations"), and used to be "branle-bas de combat", literally meaning that sleeping hammock should be cleared off the gunnery deck, foiled, and piled on the upper borders of the ship as protection for the crew. The German Navy uses the term "Gefechtsstationen", meaning literally "combat stations".

Call to General Quarters

In modern navies, a call to General Quarters is made over the ship's intercom system. It is a time to pass news and information from higher ranking sailors to lower ranking ones.

Beat to quarters

Historically, a drum pattern called the beat to quarters was played to signal the crew. This involved clearing the main gun deck(s) by taking all extraneous gear and equipment and stowing it down in the hold. All the cannons were primed with gunpowder and loaded with the proper type of ammunition (roundshot, chainshot, barshot, canister shot/caseshot, or grapeshot). It was common during times of war for all ships to beat to quarters shortly before dawn, as enemies might be sighted during sunrise. Drum beats were replaced in the 20th Century by klaxons or bells.

General Quarters, or Beating to Quarters, is called at any time in which the ship or crew may face danger beyond that which is necessarily expected of them in a life at sea. Quarters are called during storms, battles, or random sightings in the fog. The general philosophy is that of preparedness. If a ship is to face the danger of the elements, and should happen upon an enemy, it is much better to be prepared.

All crew members are assigned their general quarters upon being accepted as a crewmember aboard even a modern naval vessel. When GQ is called, that crewmember must drop and stow whatever it is that they are doing and report to the general quarters station. Then a roll will be called, and duty assignments made then, based on the nature of the situation requiring a GQ alarm.

The original bell signal for Beating to Quarters was a rapidly-rung bell 5 times, at 5 second repeats. Today, the GQ alarm is a rapidly repeating electronic klaxon bell rung in the same or similar manner. There are different klaxon signals for different conditions. For example, a chemical warfare signal (requiring the crew to don gas masks) is a high pitched sold whistle in the US Navy, and a Star Trek "Red Alert" type klaxon indicates combat stations, battle ensuing. The original "Beat to Quarters" drum signal was a three second drum roll with two beats in between the rolls, i.e., "tap tap roll tap tap roll", etc.

External links

* [http://www.policeinterceptor.com/navysounds.htm Authentic Navy Alarm Sounds]

ee also

*Action Stations
*1MC


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • general quarters — n. Navy the positioning of a ship s personnel in their BATTLE STATIONS …   English World dictionary

  • general quarters — n. to sound general quarters * * * to sound general quarters …   Combinatory dictionary

  • general quarters — noun plural : a condition of maximum readiness of a warship for action with all hands at battle stations * * * Mil. a condition of readiness for combat on a warship, during which crew members remain at their battle stations and have guns and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • general quarters — A condition of readiness when naval action is imminent. All battle stations are fully manned and alert; ammunition is ready for instant loading; guns and guided missile launchers may be loaded …   Military dictionary

  • general quarters — noun plural Date: 1850 a condition of maximum readiness of a warship for action …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • general quarters — Mil. a condition of readiness for combat on a warship, during which crew members remain at their battle stations and have guns and ammunition ready for immediate loading. * * * …   Universalium

  • General Quarters (rules) — General Quarters is a set of naval wargaming rules written by Lonnie Gill. Quick and easy to play they have become one of the most popular series of World War I and World War II era naval rules (they topped the poll of popular wargames rules… …   Wikipedia

  • quarters — n. housing 1) to find quarters 2) bachelor; officers quarters 3) ( misc. ) confined to quarters assigned stations on a ship 4) battle, general quarters sources 5) from certain quarters (from the highest quarters) misc. 6) at close quarters (… …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Quarters of Saint Lucia — Quarters of Saint Lucia …   Wikipedia

  • General Schedule — (or GS) is the name used to describe a payscale utilized by the majority of white collar personnel in the civil service of the federal government of the United States. The GS was enacted into law by the Classification Act of 1949, which replaced… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»