- Alley Oop
On April 9, 1939, Alley Oop was transported from the Stone Age into the 20th century.
Author(s) V.T. Hamlin Current status / schedule running Launch date December 5, 1932 End date -- Syndicate(s) Newspaper Enterprise Association Publisher(s) Whitman, Dragon Lady Press, Kitchen Sink Press Genre(s) Humor, adventure, science fiction
Alley Oop is a syndicated comic strip, created in 1932 by American cartoonist V. T. Hamlin, who wrote and drew the popular and influential strip through four decades for Newspaper Enterprise Association. Hamlin introduced an engaging cast of characters, and his storylines entertained with a combination of adventure, fantasy and humor.
Alley Oop, the strip's title character, was a sturdy citizen in the prehistoric kingdom of Moo. He rode his pet dinosaur, Dinny, carried a stone war hammer and wore nothing but a fur loincloth. He would rather fight dinosaurs in the jungle than deal with his fellow countrymen in Moo's capital (and only) cave-town. In spite of these exotic settings, the stories were often satires of American suburban life.
Characters and story
- Alley Oop - A time-traveling caveman
- Ooola - Oop's pretty girlfriend
- Foozy - Oop's pal, who talks in rhyme
- Dinny - Oop's pet dinosaur
- King Guzzle - Ruler of Moo
- Queen Umpateedle - Queen of Moo
- The Grand Wizer - Advisor to the king
- Dr. Elbert Wonmug - 20th century scientist / inventor
- G. Oscar Boom - Rival / partner to Wonmug
The first stories took place in the Stone Age, and centered on Alley Oop's dealings with his fellow cavemen in the kingdom of Moo. Oop and his pals had occasional skirmishes with the rival kingdom of Lem, ruled by King Tunk. The names Moo and Lem are references to the fabled lost continents of Mu and Lemuria.
On April 5, 1939, Hamlin introduced a new plot device, which greatly expanded his choice of plot lines: a time machine, invented by the 20th century scientist Dr. Elbert Wonmug, who bore a rather suspicious resemblance to the Grand Wizer. The name Wonmug was a bilingual pun on Albert Einstein; "ein" is German for "one", and a "stein" is a form of drinking mug.
Abducted to the 20th century by an early test of the machine, Oop was hardly upset by the incident and apparently did not find modern society to be any different from his own. He then became Dr. Wonmug's man in the field, embarking on expeditions to various periods and places in history, such as Ancient Egypt, the England of Robin Hood and the American Old West. Oop met such historical or mythical figures as Cleopatra, King Arthur and Ulysses in his adventures. In addition to the time machine, other science fiction devices were introduced. Oop once drove an experimental electric-powered race car, and in the 1940s, he traveled to the moon. During his adventures he was often accompanied by his girlfiend Ooola and by the sometimes villainous, sometimes heroic G. Oscar Boom (G.O. Boom), Dr. Wonmug's rival and occasional partner. A new lab assistant, Ava, joined the cast in recent years.
Alley Oop's name derived from the "let's go" phrase allez, hop!, used as a cue by French gymnasts and trapeze artists. Initially, Alley Oop was a daily strip which had a run from December 5, 1932 to April 26, 1933. Beginning August 7, 1933, the strip was distributed by NEA syndicate, and the early material was reworked for a larger readership. The strip added a full page Sunday strip, on September 9, 1934. It also appeared in half page, tabloid and half tab formats, which were smaller and/or dropped panels. During World War II, the full page vanished, and newspapers were offered a third of a page version that dropped panels, so more strips could fit on a page.
When V. T. Hamlin retired in 1971, his assistant Dave Graue took over. Graue had been assisting Hamlin since 1950 and had been doing the daily solo since 1966, although co-signed by Hamlin. The last daily signed by Hamlin appeared December 31, 1972, and his last signed Sunday was April 1, 1973. From his North Carolina studio, Graue wrote and drew the strip through the 1970s and 1980s until Jack Bender took over as illustrator in 1991. Graue continued to write the strip until his August, 2001 retirement. Four months later, on December 10, 2001, the 75-year-old Graue was killed in Flat Rock, North Carolina when a dump truck hit his car. The current Alley Oop Sunday and daily strips are drawn by Jack Bender and written by his wife Carole Bender.
At its peak, Alley Oop was carried by 800 newspapers. Today, it appears in more than 600 newspapers. The strip and albums were popular in Mexico (under the name Trucutú) and in Brazil (Brucutu). In 1995, Alley Oop was one of 20 strips showcased in the Comic Strip Classics series of commemorative US postage stamps.
Licensing and promotion
During the 1970s, Alley Oop was adapted to animation as a segment of Filmation's Saturday morning cartoon series Fabulous Funnies, appearing intermittently alongside other comic strip favorites: The Captain and the Kids, Broom-Hilda, Moon Mullins, Smokey Stover and Nancy.
In 2008, "to celebrate Alley Oop's 75th year," the Benders conducted a contest for "Dinosaur Drawings from Our Young Readers"; the entry Tyrannosaurus Rex holding a banner wishing "Happy Birthday" to Alley Oop, by 12-year-old Erin Holloway of Hammond, Louisiana, was published in the comic strip on 2009 January 17.
In 2002, Dark Horse Comics produced a limited edition figure of the character in a brightly-illustrated tin container. Alley Oop was issued as statue #28—part of their line of Classic Comic Characters collectibles.
In popular culture
The long-running success of the strip made the character a pop culture icon referenced in fiction, pop music, dance and sports:
- An educated Neanderthal known as "Alley Oop" is a character in Clifford D. Simak's science fiction novel The Goblin Reservation (1968).
- "O. Paley" (a quasi-anagram of "Alley Oop") was the central figure in Philip José Farmer's The Alley Man, a 1959 novella about the last Neanderthal who has survived into the 20th century.
- In 1960 Hamlin's character became the subject of "Alley Oop", a song composed by Dallas Frazier which became a one-hit-wonder by The Hollywood Argyles on London Records. It's been recorded by several other bands, including Dante & the Evergreens and George Thorogood & the Destroyers. The lead vocalist, Norm Davis, who was paid a one-time flat fee of $25, is currently a poet and poetry teacher in Rochester, New York. In the 1970s, the song was used by the American choreographer Twyla Tharp in her ballet Deuce Coup.
Collections and reprints
Many Alley Oop daily strips and a few Sundays have been reprinted by Dragon Lady Press, Comics Revue, Kitchen Sink Press, Manuscript Press and SPEC Books. The following titles are all by V. T. Hamlin unless otherwise noted:
- Alley Oop and Dinny A Big Little Book #763 (1935) Whitman Publishing
- Alley Oop in The Invasion of Moo (1935) (Cocomalt Premium) Whitman
- Alley Oop and Dinny in the Jungles of Moo A Big Little Book #1473 (1938) Whitman
- Alley Oop and the Missing King of Moo A Penny Book (1938) Whitman
- Alley Oop and the Cave Men of Moo (Pan-Am Premium) (1938) Whitman
- Alley Oop and the Kingdom of Foo (Pan-Am Premium) (1938) Whitman
- Alley Oop: Taming a Dinosaur (Pan-Am Premium) (1938) Whitman
- Alley Oop sheet music (1960) Kavelin-Maverick Music (USA), Leeds Music (Australia, New Zealand)
- Alley Oop Coloring Book (1962) Treasure Books
- Alley Oop Fun Book (1981) Happy House Books
- Alley Oop: The Sawalla Chronicles" (1983) Ken Pierce Inc.
- Alley Oop #1: The Legend Begins (1987) Dragon Lady Press
- Alley Oop #2: Enter the Time Machine (1987) Dragon Lady
- Alley Oop #3: Oop vs. Hercules (1988) Dragon Lady
- Alley Oop Volume 1: The Adventures of a Time-Traveling Caveman (1990) Kitchen Sink
- Alley Oop Volume 2: The Sphinx and Alley Oop (1991) Kitchen Sink
- Alley Oop Volume 3: First Trip to the Moon (1995) Kitchen Sink
- Alley Oop: Book 4 (2003) Manuscript Press
- ^ Jennifer Chancellor, "OKC museum chronicles Okie cartoonists", Tulsa World, June 21, 2010.
- ^ Stephanie Schexnayder, "Girl's Art Wins 'Alley Oop' Contest" in Daily Star (Hammond, Louisiana, 2009 January 7; "Girl's Art Featured in 'Alley Oop' Comic Today" in Daily Star (Hammond), 2009 January 17, p. 1 (The strip with the drawing appears on p. 3B of the Daily Star for 2009 January 17).
- Caveman: V.T. Hamlin & Alley Oop (2005), an award-winning documentary by Max Allan Collins, narrated by Michael Cornelison and featuring interviews with Will Eisner and Dave Graue, was released on DVD by VCI Home Video in 2008.
- 1957 Alley Oop sequence
- Alley Oop
- Caveman: V.T. Hamlin & Alley Oop
- Clark J. Holloway on Alley Oop
- I Love Comix Archive: Alley Oop
- Toonopedia: Toonopedia: Alley Oop
- University of Missouri: V.T. Hamlin Archives
- Alley Oop is a Texan? by C. F. Eckhardt
- Oopland (Iraan, Texas) on Rare Visions and Roadside Revelations
United Media ComicsAlley Oop · Arlo and Janis · Baby Blues · Betty · Big Nate · The Born Loser · Brevity · The Buckets · Committed · Cow and Boy · Dilbert · Drabble · Family Tree · F Minus · Ferd'nand · Frank & Ernest · Frazz · Get Fuzzy · Graffiti · Grand Avenue · The Grizzwells · Health Capsules · Herman · Jump Start · Kidspot · Kit 'n' Carlyle · The Knight Life · Lola · Luann · Marmaduke · Moderately Confused · Monty · Nancy · 9 Chickweed Lane · Off The Mark · Over the Hedge · Peanuts · Pearls Before Swine · Prickly City · Reality Check · Red Ryder · Rip Haywire · Ripley's Believe It or Not! · Rose Is Rose · Rudy Park · Soup to Nutz · Tarzan Editorial
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alley oop — de Ben Wallace con asistencia de Rasheed Wallace, de los Detroit Pistons en 2005. Un alley oop en baloncesto es una jugada de ataque en la que un jugador lanza la pelota cerca de la canasta para que un compañero salte, capture el balón en el aire … Wikipedia Español
alley-oop — [al΄ē o͞op′] interj. [< Fr allez (imper. of aller, to go), used as interj. of encouragement, surprise, exhortation + oop < ?] used as an exclamation accompanying the act of lifting, rising, etc. n. Basketball a high, lobbed pass to a… … English World dictionary
Alley-oop — Rasheed Wallace (#36) envoie la balle à Ben Wallace pour un alley oop lors d un match contre les Spurs en 2005. Un alley oop ou claquette est, en basket ball, une variante du slam dunk qui consiste à reprendre une passe en vol pour aller dunker,… … Wikipédia en Français
Alley oop — Slam dunk Pour les articles homonymes, voir Slam dunk (homonymie). Joueur de basket réalisant un dunk Le slam dunk, plus couramment appelé dunk … Wikipédia en Français
Alley oop — Rasheed Wallace (#36) von den Detroit Pistons passt den Ball zu Ben Wallace Der Alley oop ist ein Basketball Bewegungsablauf, bei dem Spieler A Spieler B den Ball zuwirft und dieser den Ball während des Sprungs in der Luft fängt und noch in der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
alley oop — 1. noun A play in which one player passes the ball to another, who catches it while airborne and dunks or lays it up before landing. Shaq lobs the ball to Kobe Bryant as Kobe finishes for the alley oop. 2. interjection Used to signal the start of … Wiktionary
Alley Oop — noun a) An American comic strip created in 1933 by V.T. Hamlin, currently written by Carole Bender and drawn by Jack Bender. b) The caveman main character of the Alley Oop comic strip … Wiktionary
alley-oop — exclamation used to encourage or draw attention to an acrobatic feat. noun (also alley oop pass) Basketball a high pass caught by a leaping teammate who tries to dunk the ball before landing. Origin early 20th cent.: perh. from Fr. allez! go on!… … English new terms dictionary
alley-oop — ˌalēˈüp, ˌaliˈyüp noun Etymology: alteration (influenced by alley (I)) of earlier allez oop, cry of a circus acrobat about to leap, probably from French allez, 2d person plural imperative of aller to go + English oop, alteration of up : a… … Useful english dictionary
alley-oop — noun Etymology: alteration of allez oop, cry of a circus acrobat about to leap, probably from French allez, 2d person plural imperative of aller to go + English oop, perhaps alteration of up Date: 1967 a basketball play in which a leaping player… … New Collegiate Dictionary