- France and Germany Star
Infobox Military Award
name=France and Germany Star
caption=Obverse of medal and ribbon
United Kingdomand Commonwealth
eligibility=1 or more days service in appropriate land or sea area.
campaign=France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands or Germany 1944-45
description=Six pointed star
caption2=__NOTOC__The France and Germany Star was a campaign medal of the British Commonwealth, awarded for service in
World War II.
The medal was awarded for operational service in France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Germany from
6 June 1944(D-Day) to 8 May 1945. The qualifying sea area is the North SeaSouth of a line form the Firth of Forthto Kristiansand (South), in the English Channel and in the Bay of Biscayeast of longitude 6° West, provided such service was directly in support of land operations in France, Belgium, the Netherlands or Germany.
British uniform regulations stipulated that neither the
Atlantic Starnor the Air Crew Europe Starwould be awarded to a recipient of the France and Germany Star. Subsequent entitlement to the Atlantic Star was denoted by the award of the Atlantic clasp. A clasp for the Air Crew Europe Star was not issued as that Star could not be earned after 05 June 1944.
Army personnel who entered Austria may not qualify for this award, as their service is recognised by the grant of the
* The France and Germany Star is a six–pointed star of yellow copper zinc alloy, with a height of 44mm and a maximum width of 38mm.
* The obverse has a central design of the
Royal Cypherof King George VI, surmounted by a crown. The cypher is surrounded by a circlet containing the words ‘The France and Germany Star'.
* The reverse is plain, although Stars issued to Australian and South African personnel have recipient names engraved.
* The ribbon for this medal, along with those of the other Second World War campaign stars, is reputed to have been designed by King George VI. Red, white, and blue were chosen as being symbolic of the national colours of France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom.
When the ribbon is worn alone a silver rosette ribbon emblem is worn to denote the award of a clasp.
* Atlantic:Awarded to those who subsequently became entitled to the
British campaign medals
Australian campaign medals
* Mackay, J and Mussel, J (eds) - "Medals Yearbook - 2006", (2005), Token Publishing.
* Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), "British Battles and Medals", (1988), Spink
* [http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceFor/Veterans/Medals/FranceAndGermanyStar.htm UK DoD site]
* [http://www.defence.gov.au/medals/Content/+040%20Campaign%20Medals/+100%20World%20War%20II/+080%20France%20and%20Germany%20Star/default.htm ADF Honours and Awards]
* [http://www.stephen-stratford.co.uk/wwii_medals.htm Stephen Stratford Medals site]
* [http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm?source=collections/cmdp/mainmenu/group04/acesstar Veterans Affairs Canada site]
* [http://medals.nzdf.mil.nz/category/h/h16.html NZDF Medals site]
* [http://medals.nzdf.mil.nz/warrants/h16-reg.html France and Germany Star Regulations from NZDF site]
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