- New York Shipbuilding
The New York Shipbuilding Corporation (or New York Ship for short) was founded in 1899 and opened its first shipyard in 1900. Located in Camden,
New Jerseyon the east shore of the Delaware River, New York Ship built more than 500 vessels for the U.S. Navy, the United States Merchant Marine, the United States Coast Guard, and other maritime concerns.
New York Ship's unusual covered ways produced everything from
aircraft carriers, battleships, and luxury liners to lowly barges and car floats. At its peak during World War II, NYSB was the largest and most productive shipyard in the world. Its best-known vessels include the destroyer USS|Reuben James|DD-245, the cruiser USS|Indianapolis|CA-35, the aircraft carrier USS|Kitty Hawk|CV-63, the nuclear-powered cargo ship NS "Savannah", and a quartet of cargo-passenger liners nicknamed the " Four Aces".
World War I, New York Ship expanded rapidly to fill orders from the U.S. Navy and the Emergency Fleet Corporation. A critical shortage of worker housing led to the construction of Yorkship Village, a planned community of 1000 brick homes designed by Electus Darwin Litchfieldand financed by the War Department. Yorkship Village is now the Fairview section of the City of Camden.
New York Ship's
World War IIproduction included all nine Sclass|Independence|aircraft carrier|0 light carriers (CVL), built on Sclass|Cleveland|cruiser|0 light cruiser hulls; the 35,000-ton battleshipUSS|South Dakota|BB-57; and 98 LCTs ( Landing Craft, Tank), many of which took part in the D-Day landings at Normandy.
After World War II, a much-diminished New York Ship subsisted on a trickle of contracts from the
United States Maritime Administrationand the U.S. Navy. The yard launched its last civilian vessel (SS|Export Adventurer) in 1960, and its last naval vessel ordered (USS|Camden|AOE-2|6) in 1967. The former yard's site is now part of the Port of Camden, handling breakbulk cargo.
The last completed submarine to be delivered to the U S Navy was USS|Guardfish|SSN-612 and was commissioned December 1967. Although USS "Camden" was the last ship ordered, "Guardfish" had been ordered years before, but construction was halted from 1963 to 1965 because of the loss of the USS|Thresher|SSN-593|6. USS|Pogy|SSN-647 was under construction, and towed to
Ingalls Shipbuildingin Pascagoula, MS in 1968 for completion, and NYS went bankrupt due to lack of orders from the Navy. This was in part due to the shipyard's substantial contributions to the Nixon campaign for president, and orders dried upwith New York Ship soon after Kennedy was elected.Dubious|date=April 2008
Submarines built here had the most perfectly round hulls ever produced (Thresher Class) because of the largest steel rollers used in the construction of the pressure hulls using HY-80 steel.Fact|date=April 2008
Ships built by New York Ship include:
** USS|Saratoga|CV-3, launched
7 April 1925
* "South Dakota"-class
* Fast Attack Submarine (Nuclear)
* "Washington Irving" — the biggest passenger-carrying riverboat ever built.
* [http://members.aol.com/nyship/home.html New York Shipbuilding Company Historical Sites]
* [http://www.yorkship.us/ A Tribute to a Place Called Yorkship]
* [http://www.coltoncompany.com/shipbldg/ussbldrs/prewwii/shipyards/newyorkship.htm list of ships built]
* [http://www.phillyseaport.org/LWL A web exhibit of ship christening photos that includes twenty images of launching ceremonies at New York Shipbuilding]
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